98th United States Congress

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98th United States Congress
97th ← → 99th
United States Capitol (2002)

Duration: January 3, 1983 – January 3, 1985

Senate President: George Bush (R)
Senate Pres. pro tem: Strom Thurmond (R)
House Speaker: Tip O'Neill (D)
Members: 100 Senators
435 Representatives
5 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Republican Party
House Majority: Democratic Party

1st: January 3, 1983 – November 18, 1983
2nd: January 23, 1984 – October 12, 1984

The Ninety-eighth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from January 3, 1983 to January 3, 1985, during the third and fourth years of Ronald Reagan's Presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Twentieth Census of the United States in 1980. The Republicans controlled the Senate, while the Democrats controlled the House of Representatives.


Major events

Major legislation

Party summary


Party standings at the end of the 98th Congress
  45 Democratic Senators
  55 Republican Senators
Affiliation Members
  Republican Party 54, then 55
  Democratic Party 46, then 45
Total 100

House of Representatives

House seats by party holding plurality in state
  80.1–100% Democratic
  80.1–100% Republican
  60.1–80% Democratic
  60.1–80% Republican
  50.1–60% Democratic
  50.1–60% Republican
  striped: 50–50 split
Affiliation Members Voting
  Democratic Party 272 62.5%
  Republican Party 163 37.5%
Total 435



Majority (Republican) leadership

Minority (Democratic) leadership

House of Representatives

Majority (Democratic) leadership

Minority (Republican) leadership


This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.


Senators are popularly elected statewide every two years, with approximately one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress.

House of Representatives

Changes in membership


Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation
Henry M. "Scoop" Jackson (D) Died September 1, 1983. Evans was then appointed to the seat before winning the special election on November 3, 1983. Daniel J. Evans (R) September 12, 1983
Paul Tsongas (D) Resigned January 2, 1985. Kerry was elected for next term but was installed early to fill vacancy. John Kerry (D) January 2, 1985

House of Representatives

District Vacator Reason for change Successor Date successor
New York's 7th Benjamin S. Rosenthal (D) Died January 4, 1983 Gary Ackerman (D) March 1, 1983
Texas's 6th Phil Gramm (D) Resigned January 5, 1983 after being removed from the House Budget Committee for supporting President Ronald Reagan's tax cuts, and then elected to fill his own vacancy Phil Gramm (R) February 12, 1983
California's 5th Phillip Burton (D) Died April 10, 1983 Sala Burton (D) June 21, 1983
Illinois's 1st Harold Washington (D) Resigned April 30, 1983 after being installed as Mayor of Chicago Charles Hayes (D) August 23, 1983
Georgia's 7th Larry McDonald (D) Died September 1, 1983 George Darden (D) November 8, 1983
Wisconsin's 4th Clement J. Zablocki (D) Died December 3, 1983 Jerry Kleczka (D) April 3, 1984
New Jersey's 13th Edwin B. Forsythe (R) Died March 29, 1984 Jim Saxton (R) November 6, 1984
Florida's 10th Andy Ireland (D) Changed party affiliation July 5, 1984 Andy Ireland (R) July 5, 1984
Kentucky's 7th Carl D. Perkins (D) Died August 3, 1984 Carl C. Perkins (D) November 6, 1984
Illinois's 14th Tom Corcoran (R) Resigned November 28, 1984 Vacant Not filled this term


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External links