Abdullah al-Harari

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Abdullah al-Harariyy
عبد الله الهرري الحبشي
AbdullahAl-Harariyy.jpg
Personal Details
Title al-Harariyy
Born 1910
Died September 2, 2008
Ethnicity Harari
Era 20th-21st century
Region Horn of Africa/Levant
Religion Islam
Denomination Sunni, Ash'ari
Jurisprudence Shafi'i
Movement Qadiriyya Sufi
Main interest(s) Islamic philosophy, polemics

Abdullah ibn Muhammad ibn Yusuf al-Harariyy (Arabic: عبد الله الهرري الحبشي‎‎) (b. 1910 – d. September 2, 2008) was a Harari scholar of Islamic jurisprudence. Living and teaching in Beirut, Lebanon, he is noted as the founder of Al-Ahbash.

History

Al-Harariyy was born in 1910 in Harar, Ethiopia.[1]

In 1983, he founded Al-Ahbash, a Beirut-based organization also known as the Association of Islamic Charitable Projects (AICP).[2] Al-Ahbash is a Sufi religious movement[3] which runs Islamic schools affiliated with Cairo's Al-Azhar University.[4] Due to the group’s origins and activity in Lebanon, the Ahbash have been described as the “activist expression of Lebanese Sufism.”[5]

Al-Harariyy was one of the Ulama signatories of the Amman Message. Issued in 2004, the statement gives a broad foundation for defining Muslim orthodoxy.[6]

In terms of tariqa, Al-Harariyy was affiliated with Qadiriyya orders in Jerusalem, Damascus and Beirut.[7] He was also licensed as a Shaykh by Al-Azhar University's branch in Lebanon.[5][8]

Al-Harariyy died of natural causes on September 2, 2008, aged 98.[2]

References

  1. al-Filasṭīnīyah, Muʼassasat al-Dirāsāt (1999). Journal of Palestine Studies. Institute for Palestine Studies and Kuwait University. 29 (113–116): 73. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Founder of Lebanon fundamentalist Sunni group dies". pr-inside.com. 2008-09-02. Retrieved 2008-10-02.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>[dead link]
  3. Seddon, David (2004). A political and economic dictionary of the Middle East (1st ed.). Routledge. p. 22. ISBN 978-1857432121.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. Lua error in Module:Citation/CS1/Identifiers at line 47: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).
  5. 5.0 5.1 Lua error in Module:Citation/CS1/Identifiers at line 47: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value). Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "SufiResponse" defined multiple times with different content
  6. Al-Harari's official reply to Amman Message
  7. [1]
  8. World, Almanac. "Al Ahbash". World Almanac of Islamism. Retrieved 2009-04-10.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links

See also