Anthony, Duke of Brabant

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Anthony, Duke of Brabant
Antoine de Bourgogne2.jpg
A bust of Anthony in the Château de Versailles
Spouse(s) Jeanne de Saint Pol
Elisabeth of Görlitz
Noble family Valois-Burgundy-Brabant
Father Philip II, Duke of Burgundy
Mother Margaret III of Flanders
Born August 1384
Died Script error: The function "death_date_and_age" does not exist.
AR Gros or ½ Botdrager, struck in Leuven under Anthony, Duke of Brabant.

Anthony, Duke of Brabant, also known as Antoine de Brabant, Antoine de Bourgogne and Anthony of Burgundy (August 1384 – 25 October 1415, at the battle of Agincourt), was Duke of Brabant, Lothier and Limburg.


Anthony was the son of Philip II, Duke of Burgundy, and Margaret III, Countess of Flanders, and brother of John the Fearless.[1] When his grandaunt Joanna died childless in 1406, Anthony inherited the Duchy of Brabant, Lothier, and Limburg, thus becoming the first Brabantian ruler of the House of Valois.

The Duke of Brabant arrived late to the Battle of Agincourt, and in his eagerness to reach the field, he dressed in improvised armour and wore a surcoat made from a trumpeter's flag. He fought valiantly but was captured by some English archers. He was executed along with the rest of the prisoners ordered by Henry V of England, the English being unaware of his high status and ransom value.[2]

The execution was carried out as the much smaller English force found itself stretched to its limits, guarding prisoners with the battle still not won. A counterattack on the King's baggage train (guarded only by women and children) is thought to have driven King Henry to the decision, thinking he was being attacked from the rear and some chroniclers have given Brabant's belated charge as this very cause, adding to the Duke's chivalric but tragic final story (see "Agincourt", J. Barker 2005). Subsequently the executions stopped immediately the attack was seen to falter.

Marriages and family

He married at Arras on 21 February 1402 Jeanne de St. Pol (d. 1407), daughter of Waleran III of Luxembourg, Count of Ligny and Saint-Pol.[3] They had two children:

He married again at Brussels, on 16 July 1409, Elisabeth of Görlitz, duchess of Luxembourg[4] (November 1390 – 8 August 1451), daughter of John, Duke of Görlitz. They had two children:

  • William (2 June 1410 – 10 July 1410, Brussels)
  • unknown (1412)

He also had two illegitimate daughters.


Family of Anthony, Duke of Brabant
16. Charles, Count of Valois
8. Philip VI of France
17. Margaret, Countess of Anjou
4. John II of France
18. Robert II, Duke of Burgundy
9. Joan the Lame
19. Agnes of France
2. Philip the Bold
20. Henry VII, Holy Roman Emperor
10. John of Bohemia
21. Margaret of Brabant
5. Bonne of Bohemia
22. Wenceslaus II of Bohemia
11. Elizabeth of Bohemia
23. Judith of Habsburg
1. Anthony, Duke of Brabant
24. Louis I, Count of Nevers
12. Louis I, Count of Flanders
25. Joan, Countess of Rethel
6. Louis II, Count of Flanders
26. Philip V of France
13. Margaret I, Countess of Burgundy
27. Joan II, Countess of Burgundy
3. Margaret III, Countess of Flanders
28. Margaret of England
14. John III, Duke of Brabant
29. John II, Duke of Brabant
7. Margaret of Brabant
30. Louis, Count of Évreux
15. Marie of Évreux
31. Margaret of Artois

See also


  1. Willem Pieter Blockmans and Walter Prevenier, The Promised Lands: The Low Countries under Burgundian rule, 1369-1530, (University Pennsylvania Press, 1999), 30-31.
  2. The Battle of Agincourt: Sources and Interpretations, ed. Anne Curry, (The Boydell Press, 2000), 174.
  3. Richard Vaughan, Philip the Bold, (The Boydell Press, 2009), 90.
  4. Richard Vaughan, Philip the Bold, 90.

Anthony, Duke of Brabant
Cadet branch of the House of Valois
Born: August 1384 Died: 25 October 1415
Regnal titles
Preceded by Count of Rethel
Succeeded by
Philip II
Preceded by Duke of Brabant, Lothier, and Limburg
Succeeded by
John IV