Carmen: A Hip Hopera

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Carmen: A Hip Hopera
File:Carmen, A Hip Hopera (2001 film) DVD boxart.jpg
Directed by Robert Townsend
Produced by Graig Hutchison
Written by Michael Elliot
Starring Mekhi Phifer
Beyoncé Knowles
Mos Def
Rah Digga
Wyclef Jean
Lil' Bow Wow
Da Brat
Jermaine Dupri
Reagan Gomez-Preston
Music by Kip Collins
Release dates
  • May 8, 2001 (2001-05-08)
Country United States
Language English

Carmen: A Hip Hopera is a 2001 musical film produced for television by MTV and directed by Robert Townsend. The film stars Beyoncé Knowles in her debut acting role (predating her theatrical film debut in Austin Powers in Goldmember), Mos Def, Rah Digga, Wyclef Jean, Mekhi Phifer, Da Brat, Joy Bryant, Jermaine Dupri and Lil' Bow Wow. It is based upon Georges Bizet's 1875 opera Carmen, set in Philadelphia and Los Angeles in modern times, and features a mostly original hip-hop/R&B score in place of Bizet's opera.

The film is the second major attempt at an African-American adaptation of the opera, the first being the 1943 Broadway musical Carmen Jones and its 1954 Academy Award nominated and box office hit film adaptation.[1]


Carmen Brown (Beyoncé Knowles) is a seductive, aspiring actress who mistakenly causes trouble everywhere she goes. She gets involved with Sgt. Derek Hill (Mekhi Phifer), who is engaged to the cocktail waitress, Caela (Reagan Gomez-Preston). At Lou's Bar, Carmen gets into a fight with a jealous woman. Hill's superior, Lieutenant Miller (Mos Def) orders Hill to bring Carmen to jail. Carmen tries unsuccessfully to seduce Hill, but she convinces him to let her stop at her apartment to put her mother's ring in a safe place so it does not get stolen in jail. There, she puts on lingerie and wins him over. He is caught in the morning (with Carmen nowhere to be found) by Lieutenant Miller (who is now revealed to be a crooked cop), who brings Caela with him as he arrests Hill. Caela slaps Hill and tells him she hates him.

While in jail, Hill cannot stop thinking about Carmen. She writes him a letter, and he shares his obsession with cellmates Jalil (Lil Bow Wow) and Pockets (Jermaine Dupri). While Hill is in jail, Carmen meets the famous rapper Blaze (Casey Lee) at a nightclub, The Spot. He wants to bring her to Los Angeles, but succeeds only in bringing her best friends. Carmen promises to meet them in LA once Hill is out of jail. Unfortunately, Hill is facing a year of probation once he gets out. However, after he gets into an argument with Miller, he punches him in the face (after calling Carmen a "silly hoe"), he and Carmen flee to Los Angeles. However, Carmen is unaware of the incident.

Things in Los Angeles do not go well. Carmen cannot find an acting job, and Hill's fugitive status prevents him from obtaining employment. She runs into her best friends, Rasheeda (Rah Digga) and Nikki (Joy Bryant), who are being treated like royalty by Blaze. The three of them have their tarot cards read by a psychic (Wyclef Jean). Rasheeda and Nikki receive favorable fortunes, but Carmen's cards read "ruin," "sorrow" and "death." She decides that it is time for a change. She goes to Blaze's rehearsal and wins an invitation to be his date to his next concert. Meanwhile, Miller is looking for Hill, and Porter (his ex-partner) gives him Hill and Carmen's address for a large amount of cash. At the same time, a radio, connected to a power point, falls into the bathtub which Carmen had just left. Carmen wonders if that was meant to be her death.

Shortly afterwards, Carmen breaks up with Hill and moves in with her friends in a house apparently owned by Blaze. She feels that she should not give up her life for him, even though he did for her. Much like his counterpart in the original opera, Hill is devastated. He also learns from Caela that he is in danger. Since Hill knows how crooked he is, Miller wants to get rid of him. But Hill goes to Carmen to try to win her over again and make her leave with him. Carmen does not want to leave and tells Hill that she is staying. While they are arguing, Miller is watching them and accidentally shoots Carmen in the back twice with a silenced gun while aiming for Hill. Carmen is dying in Hill's arms and she can't talk when Hill keeps asking what was wrong. He touches her back and sees blood running down his hand. Sadly, Carmen dies in his arms. He lays the dead body down on the floor and goes to fight Miller. Hill and Miller have their last fight which ends with Miller falling to his death. Rasheeda and Nikki find Carmen's dead body and are both shocked and devastated. The story ends with Hill's wrongful arrest. The film officially ends with the rapping narrator (Da Brat) laying a rose down for Carmen stating "Immortal Beloved ... Carmen Brown, There'll never be another".


Carmen: A Hip Hopera is a remake that mostly resembles the 1954 version starring Dorothy Dandridge and Harry Belafonte titled Carmen Jones. The 1954 remake was of the opera by Georges Bizet titled Carmen. The film has a potential halt as it exercised a common role for African-American women known as "Jezebel typecast".[2] This was displayed by sassy, shameless, and often times cutthroat women. However, Dandridge was able to play the role adding layers to her character and thus the movie became a success. It also became a paramount in the Black feminist community as this was one of the first movies to successfully show a black woman beyond roles that were over sexualized, as well as breaking the mold of the common black role of "mammy".

The Hip Hopera version was directed by Robert Townsend who also directed Meteor Man and Eddie Murphy Raw and starred in the musical The Five Heartbeats in 1991. The Hip Hopera film was produced by MTV in 2001. There are some discrepancies with how the story is made different from its original play version as well as criticism of Beyoncé's movie debut performance. From the book Carmen: From Silent Film to MTV Perriam and Davies state that "Beyoncé ... is an accomplished, virtuoso singer, and she has difficulty bending her particular talents to spoken delivery".[3] The opposite was said about Mehki Phifer who "has proven himself elsewhere an effective actor for television and film, but he seems to be uncomfortable here either rapping or singing".[4]

The differences between the original play and Carmen Jones can be noted by the following: Carmen was killed in the earlier versions by the male lead; however in the Hip Hopera version while at Blaze's Concert she is shot by Lieutenant Miller in the arms of Hill, the male lead. Also, this was the first widely-released musical involving mostly rap. Some similarities between the versions include all star casts (of notable celebrities of the era) as well as some musical themes in relation to the scenes. Whereas the 1954 version Carmen Jones takes place after WWII, the Hip Hopera version has some tweaks.[original research?]

Critical response

The movie received mainly mixed reviews. Allmovie graded the TV movie with two-and-a-half out of five stars.[5]



  1. Oxman, Steven (May 2, 2001). "Review: Carmen: A Hip Hopera". Variety. Variety Media, LLC.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Sims, Yvonne D (2006). Women of Blaxploitation: How the Black Action Film Heroine Changed American Popular Culture. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company, Inc. p. 39.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Perriam & Davies, p. 212
  4. Perriam, eds., Chris (2005). Carmen : From Silent Film to MTV. Amsterdam: NLD: Editions Rodopi,.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link) CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "Carmen: A Hip Hopera (2001)". Allmovie. Retrieved April 29, 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links