Eknath Easwaran

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Eknath Easwaran
File:Eknath Easwaran courtesy of the Blue Mountain Center of Meditation.jpg
Born (1910-12-17)December 17, 1910
Kerala, British India
Died October 26, 1999(1999-10-26) (aged 88)
California, USA
Nationality India, United States
Known for Spiritual teacher, author, translator and interpreter of spiritual literature, teacher of Passage Meditation

Eknath Easwaran (December 17, 1910 – October 26, 1999) was a spiritual teacher, an author of books on meditation and ways to lead a fulfilling life, as well as a translator and interpreter of Indian literature.

In 1961 Easwaran founded the Blue Mountain Center of Meditation and Nilgiri Press, based in northern California. Nilgiri Press has published over two dozen books he authored.

Easwaran was influenced by Mohandas K. Gandhi, whom he met when he was a young man.[1] Easwaran developed a method of meditation – silent repetition in the mind of memorized inspirational passages from the world's major religious and spiritual traditions[2] – which later came to be known as Passage Meditation.


Eknath Easwaran was born in 1910 in a village in Kerala, British India.[3] Eknath is his surname, Easwaran his given name.[4] Brought up by his mother, and by his maternal grandmother whom he honored as his spiritual teacher, he was schooled in his native village until the age of sixteen, when he went to attend a Catholic college fifty miles away. Here he acquired a deep appreciation of the Christian tradition. He graduated at the University of Nagpur in English and law.[5]:118 He served as Professor of English literature at the University of Nagpur.

In 1959, he came to the United States as a Fulbright Scholar at the University of California, Berkeley.[6][7]

File:EE teaching.jpg
Eknath Easwaran teaching what is thought to be the first credit course on meditation offered at a major university in the U.S. at U.C. Berkeley in 1968

From 1960 he gave classes on meditation in the San Francisco Bay Area. He met his wife Christine at one of these talks. Together with his wife, he founded the Blue Mountain Center of Meditation in 1961. After a four-year stay in India, he returned to the Bay Area in 1965.

In 1970 he founded Ramagiri Ashram as a community of dedicated followers in Marin County.[5]

He set up a publishing activity, Nilgiri Press, which printed his first book Gandhi The Man, telling the story of Gandhi as a spiritual as well as a political leader. His first major work was his 3-volume commentary on the Bhagavad Gita, the Bhagavad Gita for Daily Living, the first volume of which was printed in 1975 and the last in 1984. His book Meditation on the program of meditation and allied disciplines that he developed first appeared in 1978.

Published works

Easwaran's written works may be grouped into several major categories—primarily books, but also articles in newspapers and other periodicals. Most of his books have been reviewed by spiritually oriented publications or websites, or by nationally known media such as The New Yorker,[8] or the New York Post.[9]

In addition, a large number of Easwaran's recorded talks have been published in video and audio formats.[10]


Easwaran's translations of the Bhagavad Gita, the Upanishads, and the Dhammapada (see article) have been critically acclaimed. Religion scholar Huston Smith is cited by the publisher as writing: "No one in modern times is more qualified – no, make that 'as qualified' – to translate the epochal Classics of Indian Spirituality than Eknath Easwaran. And the reason is clear. It is impossible to get to the heart of those classics unless you live them, and he did live them. My admiration of the man and his works is boundless."[11] In Buddhism: A Concise Introduction[12] Smith and his coauthor Philip Novak wrote that "Our favorite translation is Eknath Easwaran's The Dhammapada. His Indian heritage, literary gifts, and spiritual sensibilities... here produce a sublime rendering of the words of the Buddha. Verse after verse shimmers with quiet, confident authority. A bonus is the sparkling 70-page introduction to the Buddha's life and teachings."


Essence of the Upanishads (see article), originally entitled Dialogue with death: The spiritual psychology of the Katha Upanishad, explains how the Katha Upanishad embraces the key ideas of Indian spirituality within the context of a powerful mythic quest – the story of a young hero who ventures into the land of death in search of immortality. "Essence of the Upanishads is a westerner's guide to this vitally important Indian text and its modern relevance to the Indian mindset and spirituality."[13]

In Essence of the Bhagavad Gita, Easwaran places the Gita’s teachings in a modern context and comments on the Gita's view of the nature of reality, the illusion of separateness, the search for identity, the meaning of yoga, and how to heal the unconscious. The book views the key message of the Gita as how to resolve our conflicts and live in harmony with the deep unity of life, through the practice of meditation and spiritual disciplines.

In Essence of the Dhammapada, Easwaran comments on the Dhammapada, sayings attributed to the Buddha himself, presenting it as a guide that gives straightforward teachings about spiritual perseverance, progress, and enlightenment.

Books on meditation

His book Passage Meditation (original title Meditation) describes the Eight Point Program that Easwaran developed, while his book Conquest of Mind goes further into the practice of these disciplines in daily life. Timeless Wisdom is a companion book to Passage Meditation and contains passages for meditation drawn from across the world's spiritual traditions. His book Mantram Handbook: a practical guide to choosing your mantram and calming your mind addresses The Mantram, the second point in the program.

His book Strength in the Storm[14] is an introduction to The Mantram, containing many stories and practical examples to help the reader learn how to harness the inner resources for dealing with challenges in daily living. His book Take Your Time[15] explores "Slowing Down" and "One-Pointed Attention" in daily lives. Renewal[16][17] is a pocket book of short readings on themes such as loving relationships, raising children, living simply, and aging wisely; Patience, the second in the pocket book series, shows how to cultivate Patience – "the ornament of the brave" – at any age. Other (older) books describe various aspects of leading a spiritual life: Climbing the Blue Mountain, Compassionate Universe, and Undiscovered Country.

Daily readers and reference

God Makes the Rivers to Flow[18] is an anthology of writings from the sacred literature of the world, selected by Easwaran as useful for meditation. A larger (and earlier) version of Timeless Wisdom, it contains dozens of passages from diverse traditions, and identifies passages for particular stages in life, such as caregiving, families with small children, death and dying, grief and loss, and for building positive qualities such as patience, courage, devotion to God, and putting others first. Words to Live By[19] is a set of daily readings with Easwaran's commentary on applying the reading to daily life.

The Bhagavad Gita for Daily Living

The three volumes of the Bhagavad Gita for Daily Living are conceived as handbooks for applying the teachings of the Bhagavad Gita to lives today. End of Sorrow[20] concentrates on the individual – how one can discover one's innermost nature, and transform one's life through self-realization, selfless service, and meditation. Like a Thousand Suns[21] addresses relationships – how one can heal divisions in society, within one's relationships, and within oneself, and realize the unity governing all creation. To Love is To Know Me[22] gives a global view, describing what individual readers can do to make a difference in the world today, and ends with a description of bhakti yoga, the path of devotions.

Spiritual biographies

Gandhi the Man[23] traces how Mohandas Gandhi transformed himself into one of the world's great spiritual leaders.

Nonviolent Soldier of Islam is the life story of Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan, a Pathan (or Pushtun) of Afghanistan and a devout Muslim, who raised the first nonviolent army in history to free his people from British imperial rule. This book was favorably discussed in The New Yorker.[8] The book also inspired[24] filmmaker and writer T.C. McLuhan, daughter of Canadian media theorist Marshall McLuhan, to make the film The Frontier Gandhi: Badshah Khan, a Torch for Peace, which won the 2009 Black Pearl Award for Best Documentary Film.[25]

Commentaries on Christian literature

Original Goodness (see article) is a commentary on the Beatitudes. Love Never Faileth (see article) is a commentary on the writings of St Francis, St Paul, St Augustine, and Mother Teresa. Seeing with the Eyes of Love (see article) is a commentary on The Imitation of Christ.

Newspapers and other periodicals

In the 1980s and 1990s, Easwaran published a variety of commentaries on public events in prominent periodicals, especially the Christian Science Monitor,[26][27][28][29][30][31][32][33][34][35] and also in the New York Times,[36][37] elsewhere in the US,[38] and internationally.[36] He also wrote numerous commentaries that appeared in the Little Lamp (1961–1995), and in Blue Mountain (1990–present), quarterly journals published by the meditation center that he founded.[39] In the 1960s, Easwaran published articles in other spiritual journals, such as the Mountain Path, published by Sri Ramana Maharshi's ashram.[40][41] Before coming to the US in 1959, Easwaran contributed short stories and other writings to literary anthologies,[42] and to magazines such as the The Illustrated Weekly of India.[43]

Video and audio

Many of Easwaran's recorded talks have been published in video and audio formats.[10][44]

Several dozen of Easwaran's talks have been published as video DVDs.[10][45] Before publication as DVDs, videos of Easwaran's talks were first released in VHS videotape format.[46] Some talks are published in downloadable audio/MP3 formats.[44] Instructions for meditation by Easwaran have been published in audio form as CDs.[47] Some of Easwaran's talks were earlier published as cassette tapes[48] or LP records.[49] Magazines have reviewed some of Easwaran's published talks, both audio[50][51] and video,[52] since the 1990s.

Some of Easwaran's written works, including Gandhi the Man, have been published as audio books, as voice-recorded by others, including philosopher Jacob Needleman[53] and actor Paul Bazely.[54]

Eight-point program

Easwaran's program for spiritual growth consists of eight points, and was described comprensively in his 1978 book Meditation (later republished as Passage Meditation). Each point had a dedicated chapter:[55]

  1. Meditation: Silent repetition upon memorized inspirational passages from one of the world's great religions. Practiced for one-half hour each morning.
  2. The Mantram: silent repetition of a mantram, holy name or hallowed phrase from one of the world's great religions.
  3. Slowing Down: set priorities to reduce stress and hurry
  4. One-Pointed Attention: give full concentration to whatever matter is currently at hand
  5. Training the Senses: enjoy simple pleasures in order to avoid craving for unhealthy excess
  6. Putting Others First: denounce selfishness and cultivating altruism
  7. Spiritual Companionship: practice meditation in the company of others
  8. Reading the Mystics: draw inspiration from the writings of the scriptures of all religions.

Other influence

A variety of influences of Easwaran's life and work have been documented. Easwaran's students, inspired in part by his teachings about compassion and stewardship for the environment, published a well-known vegetarian cookbook entitled Laurel's Kitchen (1976), later republished in revised form as The New Laurel's Kitchen (1986). The book contained extensive nutritional information from a scientific point of view, and sold more than a million copies.[56]

Outside of the US, Easwaran's life and teachings were profiled, along with those of a variety of other spiritual teachers, in a book published in India entitled Meditation Masters and their Insights.[57]

Easwaran's words have been included in collections of wisdom teachings, such as ones recently published by Chang (2006)[58] and Parachin (2011).[59] Quotations from Easwaran's translations have been used many times by both scholarly and popular writers.[60][61][62] Easwaran's other writings have also been quoted by various types of authors, including writers of novels and short stories,[63] popular spirituality,[64] and articles on management theory.[65] Psychiatrist Aaron Beck and his colleagues quoted from Easwaran's commentary on the Katha Upanishad.[66] The NAPRA ReView wrote that "The volume of [Easwaran's] work and the quality of his discourse suggest a man who has had a profound impact on the spiritual lives of many."[67]

Easwaran's method of passage meditation was followed by the poet Robert Lax.[68]:273 Near the end of his life, Lax's only reading each day was from Easwaran's book Words to Live By.[68]:272,281

Easwaran has been listed in reference works on spiritual and religious leaders.[3][69][70]


Easwaran's books, initially written in English, have also been translated into more than 20 other languages, and published in non-US editions by indigenous (non-US) publishers. Languages in which his books are currently in print include Bahasa Indonesian, Bulgarian, Czech, Dutch, English, French, German, Greek, Hungarian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Lithuanian, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovenian, Spanish, and Telugu.[71] His books have also been translated into Chinese (PRC).[72] (Some non-English translations are not currently in print—for example, the German biography of Gandhi.[73]).

Contributions to works by others include:

  • Eknath Easwaran (1969). "To all mankind". Ramana pictorial souvenir commemorating the Kumbhabhishekam on June 18, 1967. Tiruvannamalai, India: Board of Trustees Sri Ramanasramam: 7.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles> (contribution to edited volume)
  • Eknath Easwaran (1991). "Working for others [reprinted from the Little Lamp, vol. 22, no. 3, Autumn 1982]" (pp 72–84) in Lilia Lender (1991). The Choice is Yours: Ethics in Vedanta [introduction by Swami Chinmayananda]. Mumbai, India: Central Chinmaya Mission Trust. pp. 72–84. ISBN 978-81-7597-122-6.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Eknath Easwaran (1996). Preface (pp. ix–x) to Devi Vanamali (1996). The play of God: Visions of the life of Krishna. San Diego, CA: Blue Dove Press.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles> ISBN 978-1-884997-07-5
  • Eknath Easwaran (1997). Roger S. Powers, William B. Vogele, Christopher Kruegler & Ronald M. McCarthy, ed. "Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan (1890–1988)". Protest, power, and change: An encyclopedia of nonviolent action from Act-Up to women's suffrage. New York: Garland: 284–286. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Preface to The Essential Gandhi by Louis Fischer (2002, 2nd edition). New York: Vintage. (ISBN 1400030501)
  • Preface to In Quest of God: The Saga of an Extraordinary Pilgrimage by Swami Ramdas (2002, 2nd American edition). San Diego, CA: Blue Dove Foundation. (ISBN 1884997015)

See also


  1. Gandhi's influence on Easwaran is described by Easwaran or others in a variety of publications, including Gandhi the Man (e.g., p. 6, 1978 edition), The Making of a Teacher (e.g., p. 160, 1989 edition), and The Compassionate Universe (ISBN 9781458778420, see chapter 1; chapters 2-8 are structured using Gandhi's "Seven Social Sins"). See also the biography of Easwaran posted at his publisher's website (accessed 13 January 2013).
  2. "In Memoriam: Sri Eknath Easwaran (1911–1999)". Monastic Interreligious Dialogue. Retrieved 2008-03-30.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. 3.0 3.1 Jones, Constance A.; James D. Ryan (2006). Encyclopedia of Hinduism. New York: Infobase Publishing / Facts On File. ISBN 978-0-8160-5458-9.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles> "Easwaran was born on December 17, 1910, into an ancient matrilineal family in Kerala, India" (p. 143)
  4. However, after he came to the United States, "Easwaran" generally functioned as his last name (analogous to a surname) for authorship credits and other public activities.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Flinders, Tim; Carol Flinders (1989). The making of a teacher: Conversations with Eknath Easwaran. Petaluma, CA: Nilgiri Press. ISBN 978-0-915132-54-6.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles> ISBN 0-915132-54-0, ISBN 0-915132-55-9, ISBN 978-0-915132-55-3, OCLC 18983479
  6. "Eknath Easwaran". Yoga Journal. Retrieved 2008-03-30.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. Holly Hammond (1996, Jan/Feb). "Finding balance in a hurried world." Yoga Journal n123, pp. 86–92, 139–141 ISSN 01910965.
  8. 8.0 8.1 Bill McKibben (1984, Sep. 24). "Notes and Comment" (in "The Talk of the Town"; discusses Easwaran's A Man to Match His Mountains, a biography of Abdul Ghaffar Khan). The New Yorker, pp. 39–40. "A straightforward yet devoted biography.... By his example, [Khan] asks what we ourselves, as individuals made from the same stuff as he, are doing to shape history" (pp. 39–40).
  9. Bill McKibben (1989, May 21). "A guru who offers no guarantees: Easwaran teaches a practical method of self-mastery." New York Post, pp. 4–5. Review of Gandhi the Man, A Man to Match His Mountains, Meditation, The Mantram Handbook, and Conquest of Mind.
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 See "Easwaran on Video" (42 DVDs listed) and "Easwaran on Audio" (The publisher states "We recorded his talks over several decades") (accessed 10 October 2012)
  11. Huston Smith, quoted on back cover and on page 383 of Eknath Easwaran (2007). [ The Upanishads] (2nd, rev. ed.). Tomales, CA: Nilgiri Press. ISBN 978-1-58638-021-2
  12. Huston Smith and Philip Novak (2003). Buddhism: A Concise Introduction San Francisco: HarperSanFrancisco. ISBN 0-06-050696-2 (p. 222: "Our favorite translation is Eknath Easwaran's The Dhammapada. His Indian heritage, literary gifts, and spiritual sensibilities (which have given us excellent translations of Hinduism's Upanishads and Bhagavad Gita) here produce a sublime rendering of the words of the Buddha. Verse after verse shimmers with quiet, confident authority. A bonus is the sparkling 70-page introduction to the Buddha's life and teachings that precedes the translation.")
  13. Midwest Book Review Aug-09 http://www.midwestbookreview.com/wbw/aug_09.htm
  14. Spirituality and Practice, review of Strength in the Storm http://www.spiritualityandpractice.com/books/books.php?id=10113
  15. Spirituality and Practice, review of Take Your Time
  16. "Easwaran is one the most powerful Hindu teachers lecturing and writing in America.... this book is meant to be a companion for the difficult but joyous interior work of spiritual transformation that is at the heart of his teachings," wrote Publishers Weekly in a review of the original edition: Henry Carrigan (1996). "Your life is your message: Finding harmony with yourself, others, and the earth." Publishers Weekly, v243 n29, p69. (republished in 2009 as Renewal)
  17. Spirituality and Practice, review of Renewal http://www.spiritualityandpractice.com/books/books.php?id=19302
  18. Spirituality and Practice review of God Makes the Rivers to Flow http://www.spiritualityandpractice.com/books/books.php?id=5807
  19. Spirituality and Practice review of Words to Live Byhttp://www.spiritualityandpractice.com/books/books.php?id=15735
  20. Spirituality and Practice, review of End of Sorrow, http://www.spiritualityandpractice.com/books/books.php?id=1122
  21. Spirituality and Practice, review of Like a Thousand Suns, http://www.spiritualityandpractice.com/books/books.php?id=1123
  22. Spirituality and Practice, review of To Love is To Know Me, http://www.spiritualityandpractice.com/books/books.php?id=1124
  23. Spirituality and Practice, review of Gandhi the Man http://www.spiritualityandpractice.com/books/books.php?id=5135
  24. India Journal Nov 7, 2008 http://www.indiajournal.com/pages/event.php?id=5057
  25. Black Pearl Award http://www.meiff.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/10/MEIFF-09-Black-Pearl-Awards_Final.pdf
  26. Eknath Easwaran (January 30, 1980). "Gandhi: A sympathetic report; Gandhi: A memoir, by William L. Shirer (book review)". Christian Science Monitor. p. 17. Retrieved May 1, 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  27. Eknath Easwaran (1985, Feb. 11). Revisiting the Raj – an Indian perspective. Christian Science Monitor, p. 18.
  28. Eknath Easwaran (1985, Jun. 12). Mohandas K. Gandhi in South Africa. Christian Science Monitor, p. 15.
  29. Eknath Easwaran (1985, Nov. 13). India and Pakistan: time to encourage trust. Christian Science Monitor, p. 17.
  30. Eknath Easwaran (1986, Sep. 17). Young people, idealism – and drugs. Christian Science Monitor, p. 14.
  31. Eknath Easwaran (1988, Dec. 10). Gandhi's lesson for the Philippines. Christian Science Monitor, p. 19.
  32. Eknath Easwaran (1990, Aug. 27). Find a Peaceful Solution, in the Name of Islam. Christian Science Monitor, p. 19.
  33. Eknath Easwaran (1990, Nov. 14). Nehru's Lesson From Gandhi. Christian Science Monitor, p. 16.
  34. Eknath Easwaran (1991, Apr. 11). The Dignity of Ancient Culture. Christian Science Monitor, p. 16.
  35. Eknath Easwaran (2002, Apr. 17 (posthumous)). An Island of Calm in a Sea of Hostility. Christian Science Monitor, p. 18.
  36. 36.0 36.1 Eknath Easwaran (1998, May 21). "What Would Gandhi Think?" New York Times, accessed Nov. 11, 2009. This commentary was republished later that week in Dawn (Pakistan), "What would Gandhi think of N-tests", May 22; in The Hindu (India), "Don't imitate the Western folly", May 26; and in the International Herald Tribune, What would Gandhi think?, May 21.
  37. Easwaran, Eknath (30 January 1998). "How His Message Can Help Us Today". New York Times. Retrieved 7 August 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  38. Eknath Easwaran (1991, Jan. 26). Gandhi's Message of Nonviolence. San Francisco Chronicle.
  39. Several articles that Easwaran published in the Little Lamp (ISSN 0460-1297, LCCN: 83641607 sn 80000451) appeared later in revised form in his books; most copies of Blue Mountain (LCCN sf92093327) that appeared after 2000 can be downloaded from the Blue Mountain Center of Meditation website. Although primarily quarterly, each of these journals appeared at times on other schedules.
  40. Eknath Easwaran (1964). "The Candle of the Lord". Mountain Path. Sri Ramana Ashram. 1 (3).<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  41. Eknath Easwaran (1968). "Eating the Mangoes". Mountain Path. Sri Ramana Ashram. 5 (3): 204–206.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  42. Eknath Easwaran (1958), "The Postmaster" (pp. 39–42). In Lionel Wigmore & Canberra Fellowship of Australian Writers, ed. (1958). Span: An adventure in Asian and Australian writing. Melbourne, Australia: F. W. Cheshire. pp. 39–42.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  43. Lua error in Module:Citation/CS1/Identifiers at line 47: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value). OCLC 6772824
  44. 44.0 44.1 Downloadable MP3 talks include 50 talks in the "Thomas à Kempis Series", 9 "Individual talks," and 5 sets talks or readings by Easwaran in "Following Series," as listed at "Easwaran on Audio" at Nilgiri Press (accessed 19 Jan 2013), as well as Easwaran (2008), "Following the Teachings of the Upanishads" ASIN B001NDD8HK (178 minutes); Easwaran (2008), "Following the Way of the Buddha" ASIN B001KPW8MC (172 minutes).
  45. Examples of talks by Easwaran published as DVDs include Kabir: Stages of Desire (containing talks "Desire: Our Real Wealth" and "Meeting the Beloved"), earlier published as a VHS videotape (2002) (ASIN 1888314834; Breaking Chains (containing talks "Breaking Chains" and "Fetters and Freedom") (published by Nilgiri Press) (accessed 19 January 2013).
  46. See Worldcat listings. Examples of talks published as VHS include Saint Francis: becoming an instrument of peace (2002, on the Prayer of St. Francis and its use in meditation) OCLC 51608429 ISBN 1888314850, ISBN 9781888314854 (68 minutes)
  47. Meditation (2004, instructions in Easwaran's meditation program), CDs. ISBN 9781586386368, ISBN 1586386360, OCLC 56519410 OCLC 316483875
  48. See Worldcat listings. Examples of talks published as cassette tapes are Gandhi: a personal encounter (1984, describing Easwaran's visit to Gandhi's ashram, 66 mins) OCLC 26587764 (Petaluma, CA: Nilgiri Press) and The Tree of Life (1975, commenting on ch. 15 of the Bhagavad Gita) OCLC 12997702 (Berkeley, CA: Blue Mountain Center of Meditation).
  49. Issued as an LP record was a 1969 commentary on the Bhagavad Gita (chs. 2, 12), OCLC 5431631 (publisher: Sadhana Records).
  50. John Plummer (2006) Untitled [review of Meditation: A Complete Audio Guide, by Eknath Easwaran]. Quest. ISSN 1040-533X (accessed 19 January 2013)
  51. Lua error in Module:Citation/CS1/Identifiers at line 47: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value). See article God Makes the Rivers to Flow. These audio cassettes by Easwaran (1995): ISBN 9780915132805, ISBN 091513280X OCLC 32902296
  52. Lua error in Module:Citation/CS1/Identifiers at line 47: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value). The video by Easwaran (2002): ISBN 9781888314878, ISBN 1888314877, OCLC 51488935 ASIN 1888314877
  53. Easwaran's (1987 original publication) translation of the Upanishads, abridged, read by Jacob Needleman. The Upanishads [Audiobook on Cassette]. San Bruno, CA: Audio Literature, 1999. ISBN 9781574532647, OCLC 41928931 (ca. 3 hours)
  54. Audiobooks by Easwaran that are read by Paul Bazely include Strength in the Storm (2009, abridged). ASIN B002T5U270 (51 minutes); Gandhi the Man (2009, abridged). ASIN B002IT3VO8 (137 minutes); Climbing the Blue Mountain (2009, abridged). ASIN B002MVI0XO (68 minutes); Renewal (2009, unabridged). ASIN B002SKYTJI (83 minutes) (all published by: Nilgiri Press)
  55. The Eight Point Program of Passage Meditation – A Complete Approach to Spiritual Growth (easwaran.org)
  56. Laurel Robertson, Carol Flinders, & Brian Ruppenthal (1986). The new Laurel's kitchen. Berkeley, CA: Ten Speed Press. ISBN 0-89815-167-8. The 1986 edition is dedicated to "our teacher, Eknath Easwaran" (p. 13), and the back cover states "over a million copies sold" (see link [1]). In an introduction to the 1986 edition, Flinders wrote of "the collection of friends who helped produce Laurel's Kitchen ten years ago," that "we share a commitment to meditation" (p. 20).
  57. Luis S. R. Vas (2009), Meditation Masters and their Insights. Mumbai, India: Better Yourself Books. ISBN 978-81-7108-703-7. [2](Easwaran is profiled in chapter 25, pp. 185–195; others profiled include Ramana Maharshi, Thich Nhat Hanh, D. T. Suzuki, Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, and Thomas Keating)
  58. Larry Chang (Ed.) (2006), Wisdom for the soul: Five millennia of prescriptions for spiritual healing. Washington, DC: Gnosophia Publishers. ISBN 0-9773391-0-6 (NB: Easwaran's words are quoted on pp. 100, 160, 235, 279, 316, 485, 515, 548)
  59. Chapter 11, "Eknath Easwaran: Inter-religious mystic" (pp. 110-119), in Parachin, Victor M. (2011). Eleven modern mystics and the secrets of a happy, holy life. Pasadena, CA: Hope Publishing House. ISBN 978-1-932717-25-9.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  60. A scholarly example is: Kelly James Clark (2000). Readings in the philosophy of religion ISBN 978-1-55111-246-6 (see pp. 363–371)
  61. A scholarly example is: Ramnath Narayanswamy (2008). Why is spirituality integral to management education? My experience of integrating management and spirituality. Journal of Human Values, v14 n2, pp115-128. doi:10.1177/097168580801400203
  62. A popular example is: Gayle Clayton (2004). Transformative Meditation: Personal & Group Practice to Access Realms of Consciousness Llewellyn Worldwide ISBN 0-7387-0502-0
  63. Charles Johnson (2002), Afterword (pp. 229–242) in John Whalen-Bridge & Gary Storhoff, The Emergence of Buddhist American Literature. Albany, NY: SUNY Press. ISBN 1-4384-2653-4.
  64. Elizabeth Lesser (1999). The Seeker's Guide Random House/Villard. ISBN 978-0-679-78359-6 (p. 346)
  65. Lillas M. Brown (2001). Leading leadership development in universities: A personal story. Journal Of Management Inquiry, v10 n4, pp. 312–323. DOI: 1056492601104005
  66. Aaron T. Beck, Gary Emery, & Ruth. L. Greenberg (2005). Anxiety Disorders and Phobias: A Cognitive Perspective (15th anniv. ed.). New York: Basic Books. ISBN 978-0-465-00587-1 ("E. Easwaran uses the metaphor of channels in the brain to describe how a person's major concern develops.... Patients respond well to this metaphor," p. 293)
  67. Lua error in Module:Citation/CS1/Identifiers at line 47: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).
  68. 68.0 68.1 Lua error in Module:Citation/CS1/Identifiers at line 47: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value). ISBN 0826418694
  69. J. Gordon Melton, Religious leaders of America: a biographical guide to founders and leaders of religious bodies, churches, and spiritual groups in North America (2nd ed. 1999), ISBN 978-0-8103-8878-9, p. 174.
  70. James R. Lewis, The encyclopedia of cults, sects, and new religions (1998), ISBN 978-1-57392-222-7, p. 84.
  71. Foreign editions of Nilgiri Press Books, http://www.easwaran.org/page/150, accessed Oct 19, 2009.
  72. Lynn Garrett (1998, Jan. 12). Gandhi in China. Publishers Weekly, v245 n2, p30. "Nilgiri Press... was surprised to receive an e-mail in September from the Sichuan Copyright Agency in the People's Republic of China, expressing interest in publishing a Chinese edition of its Gandhi the Man (especially since relations between China and India have not always been the best).... the book will be released in China on January 30" (p. 30).
  73. Eknath Easwaran (1997) Der Mensch Gandhi. Sein Leben ist eine Botschaft. Freiburg:Herder ISBN 978-3-451-04564-6

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