Émile Faguet

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Émile Faguet
Portrait of Émile Faguet.jpg
Portrait of Faguet, by Henri Mannes
Born Auguste Émile Faguet
(1847-12-17)17 December 1847
La Roche-sur-Yon, Vendée
Died 7 June 1916(1916-06-07) (aged 68)
Occupation Literary critic, and author
Alma mater École normale supérieure
Notable works The Cult of Incompetence
Spouse Suzanne Travichon
Children none


Auguste Émile Faguet (French pronunciation: ​[emil faɡɛ]; 17 December 1847 – 7 June 1916) was a French author and literary critic.[1][2]


Faguet was born at La Roche-sur-Yon, Vendée, and educated at the École normale supérieure in Paris. After teaching for some time in La Rochelle and Bordeaux, he returned to Paris to act as assistant professor of poetry in the university. He became professor in 1897. He was elected to the Académie française in 1900, and received the ribbon of the Légion d'honneur in the next year.

He acted as dramatic critic to the Soleil; from 1892 he was literary critic to the Revue Bleue; and in 1896 took the place of Jules Lemaître on the Journal des débats. He died in Paris, aged 68.



"The man of the middle class ought to lead society. The simple truth is that he has led it, ever since there has been such a thing, as if predestined to do so. In this case theory is confirmed by the fact. The man of the middle class leads society because it is he who creates public opinion."[3]

"Law is an aristocratic thing; only the emergency law, the decree, is democratic. For this reason Montesquieu always speaks of a monarchy as being limited, and, at the same time, maintained by its law. What did this mean in his day, when there was no “expression of the general will” to limit monarchy, and when royalty possessed legislative power, and could at will make and remake laws? It could only mean one thing, namely, that Montesquieu’s conception of law was the same as that of the ancient sociologists, — law far older than his time, “fundamental laws” as he calls them, of the ancient monarchy, which still bind and ought so to bind the monarch, whose rule without them would be despotism or anarchy. Law is essentially aristocratic. It ordains that rulers should govern the people, and that the dead should govern the rulers. The very essence of aristocracy is the rule of those who have lived over those who live, for the benefit of those who shall live hereafter. Aristocracy, properly so called, is an aristocracy in the flesh. Law is a spiritual aristocracy. Aristocracy, as represented by the aristocrats of to-day, only represents the dead by tradition, inheritance, education, physiological heredity of temperament and characteristics. Law does not represent the dead, it is the dead themselves, it is their very thought perpetuated in immutable script."[4]

"The cult of himself is not to be recommended to any individual; but to a people the cult of itself must be presented as a duty. Even if patriotism was not a duty, it would be a necessity, so long as there are other countries wherein it has not gone out of fashion."[5]


"It is true that taste is incommunicable and that thinking cannot be taught. But if a teacher cannot teach his pupils to have taste, he can show taste in the presence of a hundred of them and excite them to its attainment; it is only an excitation, but it may be potent, and if he cannot teach them thinking, he can think in their presence and excite them to think for themselves, and it is only an excitation, but it is vital.

Such teaching, to be accurate, is not teaching; it is intercourse; it consists in living intellectually with the young, who, on their part, are living intellectually, and whom your intellectual life arouses, keeps curious and eager, and encourages. That is all."[6]


In English translation

Selected articles


See also




  1. Kitchin 1917
  2. Gosse 1922
  3. Quoted by John Corbin, The Return of the Middle Class. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1922, p. 339 (footnote).
  4. The Cult of Incompetence. London: John Murray, 1911, pp. 89–90.
  5. Quoted by Brander Matthews, The American of the Future and Other Essays. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1909, p. 120.
  6. Quoted by Herman Harrell Horne, The Teacher as Artist: An Essays in Education as an Aesthetic Process. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1917, pp. 55–56.
  7. Kitchin, William P.H. (1915). "A New Life of Monsignor Dupanloup". The Irish Monthly. XLIII (499): 10–18. JSTOR 20503670.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. "A Literary History of France," The Author, Vol. VIII, 1908.
  9. Putnam, James J. (1915). "The Dread of Responsibility," Harvard Theological Review, Vol. 8, No. 3, pp. 434–438.
  10. Garner, J.W. (1915). "The Dread of Responsibility by Émile Faguet," The American Political Science Review, Vol. 9, No. 2, pp. 399–401.


Anon. (1902), "M. Émile Faguet and the Eighteenth Century", The Edinburgh Review, CXCVI (402): 507–33<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>.
Dyrkton, Joerge (1996), "The Liberal Critic as Ideologue: Émile Faguet and fin-de-siècle Reflections on the Eighteenth Century", History of European Ideas, XXII (5/6): 321–36, doi:10.1016/S0191-6599(96)00008-3<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>.
Gosse, Edmund (1922), "Two French Critics: Émile Faguet—Remy de Gourmont", Aspects and Impressions, London: Cassell & Company, pp. 203–23<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>.
Kitchin, William P.H. (1917), "Émile Faguet", The Catholic World, CV (625): 343–51<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>.
Mackay, Thomas (1916), "Introduction", The Cult of Incompetence, New York: E.P. Dutton & Company, pp. 1–11<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>.
Putnam, Emily James (1914), "Introduction", The Dread of Responsibility, New York and London: G.P. Putnam's Sons, pp. v–xv<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>.
Showerman, Grant (1914), "A Critic of Democracy", The Dial, LVII (682): 389–90<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>.

Further reading

  • Bordeaux, Henry (1924). Portraits d'Hommes. Paris: Plon-Nourrit.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Duval, Maurice (1911). Émile Faguet, le Critique, le Moraliste, le Sociologue. Paris: Société Française d'Imprimerie et de Libraire.
  • Giraud, Victor (1909). "Émile Faguet". Revue des Deux Mondes. LII (1): 99–136. JSTOR 44804297.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Gourmont, Remy de (1909). "Le Musset des Familles", Promenades Littéraires, 3e Série.
  • Haraucourt, Edmond (1916). "Émile Faguet". La Revue de Paris. IV (NS): 85–93.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Lemaître, Jules (1899). "Émile Faguet". Les Contemporains. 7. Paris: H. Lecène & H. Oudin. pp. 126–29.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Poiteau, Émile (1913). "Émile Faguet". Quelques Écrivains de Ce Temps. Paris: Bernard Grasset. pp. 35–44.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Renard, Georges (1891). "Le Dix-Huitième Siècle et M. Faguet". The Nouvelle Revue. LXX: 298–326.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Scheifley, William H. (1917). Brieux and Contemporary French Society. New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Séché, Alphonse (1904). Emile Faguet. Paris: E. Sansot.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Wilmotte, Maurice (1907). Trois Semeurs d'Idées: Agénor de Gasparin, Emile de Laveleye, Emile Faguet. Paris: Fischbacher.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links