Henri-Frédéric Amiel

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Henri-Frédéric Amiel
Portrait of Henri-Frédéric Amiel.jpg
Henri-Frédéric Amiel
Born 27 September 1821
Geneva, Switzerland
Died 11 May 1881(1881-05-11) (aged 59)
Geneva, Switzerland
Occupation Philosopher, poet, critic
Nationality Swiss
Period 19th century


Henri-Frédéric Amiel (27 September 1821 – 11 May 1881) was a Swiss moral philosopher, poet, and critic.


Born in Geneva in 1821, he was descended from a Huguenot family driven to Switzerland by the revocation of the Edict of Nantes.

After losing his parents at an early age, Amiel travelled widely, became intimate with the intellectual leaders of Europe, and made a special study of German philosophy in Berlin. In 1849 he was appointed professor of aesthetics at the academy of Geneva, and in 1854 became professor of moral philosophy.

These appointments, conferred by the democratic party, deprived him of the support of the aristocratic party, whose patronage dominated all the culture of the city. This isolation inspired the one book by which Amiel is still known, the Journal Intime ("Private Journal"), which, published after his death, obtained a European reputation. It was translated into English by British writer Mary Augusta Ward at the suggestion of academic Mark Pattison.[1]

Although modest in volume of output, Amiel's mind was of no inferior quality, and his Journal gained a sympathy that the author had failed to obtain in his life. In addition to the Journal, he produced several volumes of poetry and wrote studies on Erasmus, Madame de Stael and other writers. His extensive correspondence with Égérie, his muse name for Louise Wyder, was preserved and published in 2004.[2]

He died in Geneva.


  • Berlin au printemps de l’année 1848 (1849)
  • Du mouvement littéraire dans la Suisse romane et de son avenir (1849)
  • Grains de mil (1854)
  • Il penseroso (1858)
  • La Cloche (1860)
  • La Part du rêve (1863)
  • L’Escalade de MDCII (1875)
  • Charles le Téméraire (1876)
  • Les Étrangères (1876)
  • L’Enseignement supérieur à Genève depuis la fondation de l’Académie depuis le 5 juin 1559 (1878)
  • Jean-Jacques Rousseau jugé par les Genevois d’aujourd’hui (1879)
  • Jour à jour (1880)
  • Fragments d’un journal intime (1884, 1887, 1923, 1927)
  • Lettres de jeunesse (1904)
  • Philine (1927)
  • Essais, critiques (1931)




  1. Sanders, Valerie (1996). Eve's Renegades: Victorian Anti-Feminist Women Novelists. New York: St. Martin's Press, p. 37.
  2. Henri Frédéric Amiel, Louise Wyder, Louis Vannieuwenborgh - 2004 Louise Wyder, " Égérie ", est l'une d'entre elles. Proche ou lointaine, elle a accompagné Amiel pendant près de trente-trois ans.


Arnold, Matthew (1888), "Amiel", Essays in Criticism, 2, London: Macmillan & Co, pp. 300–31<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>.
Barbellion, W. N. P. (1919), "On Amiel and Some Others", Enjoying Life, and Other Literary Remains, London: Chatto & Windus, pp. 113–22<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>.
Barry, William (1909), "An Apostle of Nirvana: H. F. Amiel", Heralds of Revolt, London: Hodder & Stoughton, pp. 102–19<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>.
Bouvier, Bernard (1935), "Introduction", The Private Journal of Henri Frédéric Amiel, New York: The Macmillan Company<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>.
Brooks, Van Wyck (1913), "Amiel", The Malady of the Ideal, London: A.C. Fifield, pp. 81–103<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>.
Clark, Ellen Urania (1892), "Henri Frédéric Amiel", The Andover Review, XVIII (105): 234–45<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>.
Grierson, Francis (1914), "Amiel", Modern Mysticism and Other Essays, London: John Lane The Bodley Head, pp. 139–50<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>.
Hindle, E. B. (1885), "Henri-Frédéric Amiel", Papers of the Manchester Literary Club, XI: 179–99<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>.
Hutton, Richard Holt (1906), "Amiel and Clough", Brief Literary Criticisms, London: Macmillan & Co., pp. 316–25<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>.
Jaloux, Edmond (1930), "Introduction", Philine, Boston and New York: Houghton Mifflin Company, pp. v–xxxix<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>.
Lecky, Walter (1898), "Amiel and Pessimism", Impressions and Opinions, Boston: Angel Guardian Press, pp. 20–29<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>.
Leighton, Caroline C. (1890), A Swiss Thoreau, Boston: Lee and Shepard<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>.
Leppington, Blanche (1885), "Amiel's Journal", The Contemporary Review, XLVII: 334–52<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>.
Lovett, Robert Morss (1892), "An English Amiel", The Harvard Monthly, XIII (5): 205–11<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>.
Murry, John Middleton (1931), Countries of the Mind: Essays in Literary Criticism, London: Oxford University Press, pp. 137–57<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>.
Pater, Walter (1910), "Amiel's 'Journal Intime'", Essays from 'The Guardian', London: Macmillan & Co, pp. 17–37<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>.
Powell, Anthony (1992), "Henri-Frédéric Amiel", Miscellaneous Verdicts: Writings on Writers, Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, pp. 413–29<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>.
Renan, Ernest (1896), "Henri-Frédéric Amiel", The Poetry of the Celtic Races, and Other Essays, London: The Walter Scott Publishing Co., pp. 187–214<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>.
Ward, Mary A. (1884), "The Literature of Introspection: Amiel's Journal Intime", Macmillan's Magazine, XLIX (292): 268–78<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>.
Ward, Mary A. (1921), "Introduction", Amiel's Journal, London: Macmillan & Co, pp. vii–xliii<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>.
  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). [https%3A%2F%2Fen.wikisource.org%2Fwiki%2F1911_Encyclop%C3%A6dia_Britannica%2FAmiel%2C_Henri_Fr%C3%A9d%C3%A9ric "Amiel, Henri Frédéric" ] Check |ws link in chapter= value (help). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

Further reading

  • Cobo, Eugenio (1976). "La Agonía de Amiel". Cuadernos Hispanoamericanos (317): 443–56.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Marañón, Gregorio (1932). Amiel: Un Estudio sobre la Timidez. Madrid: Espasa-Calpe.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Pontmartin, Armand de (1884). "Henri-Frédéric Amiel". Souvenirs d'un Vieux Critique. 4. Paris: Calmann Lévy. pp. 257–71.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Scherer, Edmond (1885). Études sur la Littérature Contemporaine, Vol. 8. Paris: Calmann Lévy.
  • Trahard, Pierre (1978). Henri-Frédéric Amiel: Juge de l'Esprit Français. Paris: H. Champion.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links