List of Stone Age art
This list presents a small selection of the work of artists who lived during the time that writing hadn't as yet been invented and popularized in human societies. This page contains, by sheer volume of the artwork discovered, a very incomplete list of the paintings, drawings, sculptures, engravings, and other works by the artists who created what we now call Stone Age art. For fuller lists see Art of the Upper Paleolithic, Art of the Middle Paleolithic, and Category:Prehistoric art and its many sub-categories
- Adam of Govrlevo, or "Adam of Macedonia". At more than 7,000 years old, the sculpture is the oldest artifact found in the Republic of Macedonia. The artist depicts a sitting male body, and shows details of his spine, ribs, navel, and phallus. The piece is now exhibited in the Skopje City Museum.
- Bird stones. People have found thousands of these portable bird-shaped stone sculptures created by generations of North American sculptors.
- Bison Licking Insect Bite, an app. 15,000-year-old carved and engraved fragment of a spear-thrower made of reindeer antler, the piece depicts a member of the now extinct Bison species steppe wisent. The artist carved the bison's head turned to its right and licking itself as if bitten by an insect. It's exhibited in the National Museum of Prehistory in Les Eyzies-de-Tayac-Sireuil, not far from where it was found.
- Löwenmensch, or Lion Man, is an ivory sculpture that is both the oldest known animal-shaped sculpture in the world and, at 40,000 years, the oldest known uncontested example of figurative art. The sculpture is now housed in the Ulm Museum in Ulm, Germany.
- Mammoth spear thrower, a spear thrower carved by the artist into the form of a Mammoth, was discovered at the rock shelter of Montastruc, Tarn-et-Garonne, France. It is now exhibited in the British Museum.
- Montastruc decorated stone. The artist has scratched or engraved a human figure - which appears to be female - as he or she decorated a fragment of a piece of limestone used as a lamp. From Courbet Cave, France, it now resides in the British Museum.
- Perforated baton with low relief horse is from Abri de la Madeleine, an overhanging cliff situated near Tursac in France, and is stored in the British Museum.
- Pinhole Cave Man, or Pin Hole Cave Man, has become the common name for an engraving of a human figure on a woolly rhinoceros rib bone. The piece was found in Pin Hole Cave, Creswell Crags, Derbyshire, England, and is now in the British Museum.
- Robin Hood Cave Horse (previously known as the Ochre Horse). This fragment of rib that the artist engraved with a horse's head was discovered in the Robin Hood Cave in Creswell Crags, Derbyshire, England. It is the only animal-related Upper Paleolithic portable artwork ever found in Britain. Robin Hood Cave Horse is now housed in the British Museum.
- The Shigir Idol, a 11,000 years old wooden sculpture, resides in the "Historic Exhibition" Museum in Yekaterinburg, Russia.
- Swimming Reindeer is a 13,000-year-old (Magdalenian) sculpture of two swimming reindeer ornately carved from the tusk of a mammoth. The sculpture is now in the British Museum.
- Carved Stone Balls
- Stone circle
Cave paintings and other Rock art
- The Petroglyph (incised rock art) article features a list of petroglyph sites
- Altamira cave (Spain) - in 1879 the first prehistoric paintings and drawings were discovered in this cave, which soon became famous for their depth of color and depictions of animals, hands, and abstract shapes.
- Bhimbetka rock shelters (India) - the shelters, decorated with art from 30,000 years ago, contain the oldest evidence of artists exhibiting their work on the Indian sub-continent.
- Bradshaw rock paintings (Australia) - Aboriginal artists painted well over a million paintings in this site in the Kimberley, many of human figures ornamented with accessories such as bags, tassels and headdresses. These artworks are well over 20,000 years old.
- Cantabria cave (Spain)
- Çatalhöyük (Turkey) - probably the best preserved large Neolithic site, its artwork includes murals, figurines, and depictions of animals. The Seated Woman of Çatalhöyük was found here.
- Chauvet Cave (France) - some of the earliest cave paintings known, and considered among the most important prehistoric art sites.
- Chufin cave (Spain) - small cave with engravings, stick figures, and artwork schematically portraying red deer, goats and cattle.
- Coliboaia cave (Romania) contains the oldest known cave paintings of Central Europe, radiocarbon dated to 32,000 and 35,000 BP, corresponding to the Aurignacian and Gravettian cultures of the Paleolithic period.
- Cuciulat cave (Romania) features several red paintings of animals, including horses and felines, which are about 12,000 years old. These were the first manifestations of this kind known in Central Europe.
- Cueva de las Manos (Cave of Hands) (Argentina) - a series of caves exhibiting hundreds of outlines of human hands, hunting scenes, and animals painted 13,000 to 9,000 years ago.
- Côa Valley (Portugal) - artists engraved thousands of drawings of horses and other animal, human and abstract figures in open-air artwork completed 22,000 to 10,000 years ago.
- Cosquer Cave (France) - hand stencils from 27,000 years ago, and 19,000-year-old animal drawings that portray bison, ibex, horses, seals and what may be auks and jellyfish, showcase this gallery.
- Draa River (Morocco)
- El Castillo cave, one of the Monte Castillo caves (Spain) - contains decorations in red ochre paint which has been blown onto the walls in the forms of hand stencils as long as 37,000 years ago, and painted dots. One faint red dot has been dated to 40,800 years ago, making it the oldest dated cave decoration in the world. It is 5,000-10,000 years older than caves so-far found in France.
- Font-de-Gaume in south-west France contains over 200 polychrome paintings and engravings from artists who worked over 17,000 years ago. The cave's most famous painting is a frieze of five bison, although renditions of many other animals, including wolves, are featured.
- Gabarnmung (Australia) - this rock-art site in the Northern Territory features the oldest artwork in Australia at over 28,000 years. Aboriginal artists painted fish, crocodiles, people, and spiritual figures, mostly on the site's ceilings.
- Caves of Gargas, France, features numerous negative hand stencils, some with one or more fingers absent.
- Kapova cave in southern Ural Mountains (Russia) - presently 173 monochromatic ochre rock paintings and charcoal drawings or their traces are documented, presenting Pleistocene animals and abstract geometric motives. They are about 18,000 - 16,000 years old, from Late Solutrean to Middle Magdalenian.
- Lascaux caves (France) - contains some of the best known artworks of early painters, many of those portraying large animals.
- La Marche (France) - due to the style the legitimacy of the cave paintings here are in dispute.
- La Pasiega cave (Spain) - an art gallery created in prehistoric times, the exhibition of artwork here runs for at least 120 meters.
- Les Combarelles (France) - two galleries showcase more than 600 engravings. The more-than-11,000-year-old artwork portrays such subjects as reindeer drinking water from the river that flows through the cave, cave bears, cave lions, mammoths, and various symbols.
- Malipo's 4000+ year old 'Great King' pictographs at Wenshan Prefecture, Yunnan, China.
- Roc-aux-Sorciers (France) - a rock shelter famous for its 14,000-year-old relief wall carvings.
- Rock carvings at Alta (Norway) - artwork includes images of Bear worship.
- Rock art of Figuig (Morocco) - engravings from the Neolithic age.
- Rock art of south Oran (Algeria)
- Rock art of the Djelfa region (Algeria)
- Rock art of the Iberian Mediterranean Basin
- Saharan rock art - there are over three thousand known sites where artists carved or painted on the natural rocks of the central Sahara desert. From the Tibesti massif to the Ahaggar Mountains, the Sahara is an open-air museum containing numerous works by artists of the era.
- Santimamiñe cave (Spain)
- Tadrart Acacus World Heritage Site (Libya)
- Tassili n'Ajjer (Algeria)
- Toquepala Caves (Peru) - "Abrigo del Diablo" and the other caves contain at least 50 noted pieces. The artists used paint made from hematite, and painted in seven colors with red being dominant. 
- Venus of Brassempouy, also known Dame à la Capuche ("Lady with the Hood") is a fragmentary ivory figurine from 25,000 years ago. One of the earliest known realistic representations of a human face, the artwork is in the Musée d'Archéologie Nationale at Saint-Germain-en-Laye, near Paris
- Seated Woman of Çatalhöyük is a baked-clay nude female form seated between feline-headed arm-rests which is missing its original head and right side hand rest (although reconstructions of the artist's possible intent have been added). Resides at the Museum of Anatolian Civilizations in Ankara, Turkey.
- Venus of Dolní Věstonice
- Venus of Galgenberg
- Venus figurines of Gönnersdorf
- Venus of Hohle Fels
- Venus of Laussel
- Venus of Lespugue
- Venus figurines of Mal'ta
- Venus of Monruz
- Venus of Moravany
- Venus of Petřkovice
- Venus of Savignano
- Westray Wife
- Venus of Willendorf
- Caves in Cantabria
- Ochre Processing Workshop
- The British Museums' Department of Prehistory and Europe
- Cave of Forgotten Dreams, a 2010 documentary film about Chauvet Cave by Werner Herzog.
- History of painting
- History of sculpture
- Indigenous Australian art
- Pre-Columbian art in the Americas
- Projectile points
- International Federation of Rock Art Organizations
- Rock Art and the Prehistory of Atlantic Europe
- The Mind in the Cave
- "Carved stone ball". National Museums of Scotland. Retrieved 22 March 2008.
- "Collections", National Museum of Prehistory in Les Eyzies-de-Tayac-Sireuil (in French)
- Martin Bailey Ice Age Lion Man is world’s earliest figurative sculpture The Art Newspaper, Jan 31, 2013, accessed Feb 01, 2013
- British Museum (2011). "British Museum - Horse engraving on bone". britishmuseum.org. Retrieved 14 October 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- British Museum; Ann Sieveking (1987). A catalogue of palaeolithic art in the British Museum. Published for the Trustees of the British Museum by British Museum Publications. pp. 112–. ISBN 978-0-7141-1376-0. Retrieved 14 October 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Donaldson, Mike The Gwion or Bradshaw art style of Australia’s Kimberley region is undoubtedly among the earliest rock art in the country –but is it Pleistocene? (free download) L’art pléistocène en Australie (Pré-Actes) IFRAO Congress, September 2010 p. 4.
- "U-Series Dating of Paleolithic Art in 11 Caves in Spain" by A.W.G. Pike et al., Science, 15 June 2012: 1462.
- "Oldest confirmed cave art is a single red dot" by Michael Marshall, New Scientist, 23 June 2012, pp. 10-11.
- Clottes, Jean (2003). Chauvet Cave: The Art of Earliest Times. Paul G. Bahn (translator). University of Utah Press. ISBN 0-87480-758-1.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles> Translation of La Grotte Chauvet, l'art des origins, Éditions du Seuil, 2001, p. 214.
- Amos, Jonathan (June 14, 2012). "Red dot becomes 'oldest cave art'". BBC News. Archived from the original on 2012-06-15. Retrieved 15 June 2012.
One motif – a faint red dot – is said to be more than 40,000 years old.Unknown parameter
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- Masters (2009-10-05).
- Michel Geneste, Jean (2010). "Earliest Evidence for Ground-Edge Axes: 35,400±410 cal BP from Jawoyn Country, Arnhem Land". Australian Archaeology. 71 (December): 66–69.
- "Les Combarelles - Grotte - Eyzies-de-Tayac - Périgord - Dordogne" (in French). Hominidés.com. December 2007. Retrieved May 2011. Check date values in:
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- South American Handbook. Trade and Travel Publications Limited. 1976.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- David S. Whitley (2001). Handbook of Rock Art Research. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 712–. ISBN 978-0-7425-0256-7.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Aldenderfer 1998, pp. 56–57.
- Inventory number 47 019.