Patrick Hepburn of Waughton

From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core
Jump to: navigation, search

Sir Patrick Hepburn of Waughton and Luffness, Knt., (d. Bef. November 1649) was a Scottish laird and notable Covenanter from East Lothian. In 1639-1641 Sir Patrick was a member for Haddingtonshire in the Scottish Parliament.

Landed proprietor

Sir Patrick Hepburn of Waughton and Lufness, knight, was Retoured heir to his father, Patrick Hepburn of Wauchtoun, on 3 April 1605.[1]

In the National Archives [2] is an extract of a Discharge by Sir Patrick Hepburne of Wauchtoun, Knt., in favour of George Keith, 5th Earl Marischal, and Dame Margaret Ogilvie, his spouse, for £20,500 Scots for the lands of Brethertoun [Brotherton] dated 8 December 1613.

On 10 January 1639, George Lauder of The Bass, and his mother (Sir Patrick's sister) Isobel Hepburne, Lady Bass, being both Royalists and having spent much time at Court with Charles I [3] and fearing forfeiture, assigned the barony of The Bass and a string of other properties to Sir Patrick Hepburn of Waughton.[4] In a Supplication dated 15 September 1641, by Sir Patrick Hepburn of Wauchtoun, knight, addressed to the King and the Estates of Parliament, he mentions that "he has lately acquired the right of the lands of Popill and Auld Haddington from the Laird of The Bass."[5] In another charter,[6] confirmed at Edinburgh 15 November 1641, Sir Patrick Hepburn of Waughton is confirmed in many properties including lands and 'acres' in Morham and 14 husbandlands (364 acres) in Garvald, East Lothian also previously owned George Lauder of Bass.

Between 1644 until his death, Sir Patrick was engaged in a dispute with the Earl of Home over possession of Fast Castle, and the rents of Auldcambus.[7]


Sir Patrick was a Lieutenant-Colonel who raised a 400 strong infantry regiment in East Lothian, which served in General Leslie's army of the Covenant, entering England on 20 August 1640. Sir Patrick was one of the commissioners to the negotiations at Ripon in Yorkshire. The regiment served at the sieges of York and Newcastle-upon-Tyne and at the battle of Marston Moor.[8] "Wauchtoun's regiment" with Sir Patrick Hepburn as commander is recorded as being quartered and then in skirmishes with the Royalists at Todcaster and York in April 1644.[9]

From late 1644 until January 1647 it remained in England doing garrison duty, its strength being between 631 and 651 infantrymen. In 1646 Sir Adam Hepburn of Humbie, the army treasurer and commissary general, became the colonel, and the numbers increased to 893 and reached a maximum of 1030 foot soldiers in September. The regiment disbanded in February 1647.[10]

Marriage and death

Sir Patrick married before 16 February 1607 (when a charter mentions them as future spouses) Jean, fifth and youngest daughter of John Murray, 1st Earl of Tullibardine[11]

Sir Patrick was, according to a charter dated 24 June 1646, still alive then, but is thought to have died before 9 November 1649, when his son John was Retoured his heir.[12] That was followed on the same day by a Precept from Chancery for infefting John Hepburne, now of Wauchtoun, as heir to his father, Sir Patrick Hepburne of Wauchtoun, Knt. in the lands and baronies of Wauchtoun and The Bass, and other lands in the sheriffdoms of Edinburgh and Berwick.[13]

Of at least seven children, the following are noted:


  1. Haddingtonshire Retours, number 26
  2. NAS:GD70/41 and GD70/35
  3. David Masson, LL.D., editor, The Register of the Privy Council of Scotland, Edinburgh, 1896, volume XIII, 1622-1625, pages 452-3
  4. The Great Seal of Scotland number 1021, confirmed at Edinburgh 15 November 1641
  5. The Registers of the Privy Council of Scotland, edited by P Hume Brown, MA, LL.D., 2nd Series, 1638 - 1643, Edinburgh, 1906: 481
  6. The Great Seal of Scotland, number 1021
  7. NAS: GD206/6/17
  8. Cowan, Ian B., editor, The Scottish Historical Review, Aberdeen 1985, 64th volume: 76
  9. Lee, Maurice, editor, a short autobiography, 1626 - 1670, of John Hay, 2nd Earl of Tweeddale, in Miscellany of the Scottish History Society, 12th volume, Edinburgh, 1994: 71
  10. Cowan, Ian B., editor, The Scottish Historical Review, Aberdeen 1985, 64th volume: 76
  11. Balfour Paul, Sir James, Lord Lyon King of Arms, The Scots Peerage, Edinburgh, 1904, vol.1, p.470.
  12. Haddingtonshire Retours: 219
  13. NAS: GD1/402/56
  14. Reid, John J, Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, Edinburgh, 1885
  15. NAS: RH15/29/37-44
  16. The Great Seal of Scotland, number 1215, confirmed at Edinburgh, 22 August 1642
  17. The Great Seal of Scotland, no. 1243, signed at Holyroodhouse on 23 May 1601, and confirmed at Falkland on 19 September 1601
  18. Fraser, Sir William, Memorials of the Earls of Haddington, Edinburgh, 1889, vol.1: 378
  • Hepburn, Edward, Genealogical Notes of the Hepburn Family, 1925, p. 35.