Philip Carteret Hill

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Philip Carteret Hill
3rd Premier of Nova Scotia
In office
May 11, 1875 – October 15, 1878
Monarch Victoria
Lieutenant Governor Adams George Archibald
Preceded by William Annand
Succeeded by Simon Hugh Holmes
17th Mayor of Halifax
In office
Preceded by Samuel Richard Caldwell
Succeeded by Matthew Henry Richey
MLA for Halifax County
In office
November 17, 1870 – May 16, 1871
Serving with James Cochran, Henry Balcom, Hugh J. Cameron, Adam C. Bell
Preceded by Jeremiah Northup
Succeeded by William Garvie
John Taylor
John Flinn
Donald Archibald
In office
December 17, 1874 – September 17, 1878
Serving with Donald Archibald, Edward Farrell
Preceded by William Garvie
John Taylor
John Flinn
Donald Archibald
Succeeded by Charles J. MacDonald
John Fitzwilliam Stairs
William D. Harrington
John Pugh
Personal details
Born (1821-08-13)August 13, 1821
Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
Died September 15, 1894(1894-09-15) (aged 73)
Tunbridge Wells, England, United Kingdom
Nationality Canadian
Political party Liberal
Spouse(s) Margaretta Rhoda Collins (m. 1850)
Alma mater King's College
Occupation lawyer and writer
Profession politician
Cabinet Provincial Secretary (1867) (1874-1878)
Religion Anglican

Philip Carteret Hill (August 13, 1821 – September 15, 1894) was a Nova Scotia politician. Born in Halifax, he was mayor of Halifax from 1861 to 1864 before entering provincial politics as a supporter of Canadian confederation in 1867 serving as Provincial Secretary in the Conservative cabinet of Hiram Blanchard but lost his seat in the fall 1867 election that defeated the government.

Hill returned to the legislature in 1870 by winning a by-election as a Liberal-Conservative. He again lost his seat in 1871 but returned in 1874 and served in the Liberal government of William Annand as provincial secretary. Feelings against confederation had abated and Hill was well placed to put forward a compromise position that enabled him to succeed Annand as premier in 1875. However, Hill took over the Liberal government at a time that the federal Liberals were in power under Prime Minister Alexander Mackenzie and becoming increasingly unpopular in Nova Scotia. That, and the failure of the Annand and Hill governments to make progress on railway construction, led to the Liberal's defeat in the 1878 election after which Hill retired from politics. He moved to England in 1882 and published a series theological pamphlets. He died in Tunbridge Wells.


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