Silas Woodson

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Silas Woodson (May 18, 1819 – October 9, 1896) was the 21st Governor of Missouri, United States, between January 3, 1873 and January 12, 1875. He was notable for being the first Democrat elected to that position since the Civil War. No Republican would reach the office for over 30 years after Woodson's election.[1]

Personal life

He was born in Barbourville, Kentucky and died in Saint Joseph, Missouri. He is buried at the Mount Mora Cemetery in Saint Joseph, Missouri. His headstone was vandalized in October 2006.

Legal career

Silas Woodson began as a lawyer. In 1846 he became partners with Samuel Freeman Miller.[2] Woodson gained a reputation as a trial lawyer.[3]

Political career

Silas had made one previously unsuccessful attempt for the Missouri Legislature in 1868, but was chosen to run in 1873 against Republican Senator John B. Henderson. Woodson beat Henderson 156,777 votes to 121,889.[3]

In his inaugural address, Governor Woodson spoke about education, in particular defending the Democrat position regarding common schools. Historian Arthur Lee commented this showed the institutionalization of public schooling in Missouri.[1]

As part of his time as Governor, Woodson brought a case against Pacific Railroad for non-payment of a state-issued debt. The Railroad had contended that it was unable to repay $2 million lent to it due to the impact of the Civil War. Woodson had responded by attempting a sale of the Railroad in default. In the 1874 case of Woodson v Murdock, the Supreme Court found in favor of the Railroad.[2]

In 1875, Silas Woodson was briefly investigated for his role in co-signing certificates issued during the Civil War by the Crafton Commission. Woodson owned $198,045 worth of the certificates personally. He was exonerated after it was shown that Crafton had been forging then-Governor Woodson's signature on certificates for defective muster rolls.[4]


  1. 1.0 1.1 Karanovich, F. A. (2009). "Managers of Virtue Revisited". American Educational History Journal. 36 (1 & 2).<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. 2.0 2.1 Ross, Michael Anthony (2003). Justice of Shattered Dreams: Samuel Freeman Miller and the Supreme Court During the Civil War Era. LSU Press. p. 222. ISBN 9780807129241.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. 3.0 3.1 Parrish, William Earl (2001). A History of Missouri: 1860 to 1875. University of Missouri Press. p. 280. ISBN 9780826213761.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. Sinisi, Kyle S. (2003). Sacred Debts: State Civil War Claims and American Federalism, 1861-1880. Fordham University Press. p. 71. ISBN 9780823222599.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
Political offices
Preceded by
B. Gratz Brown
Governor of Missouri
Succeeded by
Charles Henry Hardin