William Carr Lane

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William Carr Lane
3rd Governor of New Mexico Territory
In office
Preceded by James S. Calhoun
Succeeded by David Meriwether
1st Mayor of St. Louis, Missouri
In office
April 14, 1823 – 1829
Succeeded by Daniel Page
In office
November 15, 1837 – 1840
Preceded by John Fletcher Darby
Succeeded by John Fletcher Darby
Personal details
Born (1789-12-01)December 1, 1789
Fayette County, Pennsylvania
Died Script error: The function "death_date_and_age" does not exist.
St. Louis, Missouri
Political party Whig
Spouse(s) Mary Ewing

William Carr Lane (December 1, 1789 – January 6, 1863) was a doctor and the first Mayor of St. Louis, Missouri, serving from 1823 to 1829 and 1837 to 1840. He was also the Governor of New Mexico Territory from 1852 to 1853.

Born in Fayette County, Pennsylvania to Presley Carr Lane and Sarah "Sallie" Stephenson, Lane attended college in Pennsylvania and studied medicine in Louisville, Kentucky. He entered the U.S. Army, and was appointed post surgeon at Fort Harrison on the Wabash River north of Terre Haute, Indiana in 1816. He resigned from the army in 1819 to enter private practice. He married February 26, 1818 in Vincennes, Indiana to Miss Mary Ewing, daughter of Nathaniel Ewing and Ann Breading. Their children were Anne Ewing Lane (1819–1904), Sarah L. Lane (1821–1887), and Victor Carr Lane (1831–1848).

Lane served as St. Louis's first mayor from 1823 to 1829, when the city's population was around 4,000. He oversaw the first public health system in the city, free public schools, and street improvements, including the paving of Main Street. Lane helped erect the city's first town hall. He was also instrumental in beautifying the city with fountains and greenery. The City Seal was adopted, and election procedures were written. Perhaps the most memorable event in his term was a visit by Lafayette in 1825, and a ball given in his honor.

Lane served again as mayor from 1837 to 1840. In 1852, President Millard Fillmore appointed him to be the new governor of the New Mexico Territory. After this term, Lane returned to St. Louis and practiced medicine until his death in 1863. He was buried at Bellefontaine Cemetery. There is also a street in city of St. Louis named in his honor.


  • Conard, Howard Louis (1901). Encyclopedia of the History of Missouri. 1. New York; Louisville; St. Louis: The Southern History Company. pp. 569–572. OCLC 32872107.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • "Proceedings of the Board of Aldermen of the City of St. Louis". Daily Commercial Bulletin & Missouri Literary Register. November 14, 1837.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • "Proceedings of the Board of Aldermen of the City of St. Louis". Daily Commercial Bulletin and Missouri Literary Register. December 2, 1837.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Twitchell, Ralph Emerson; Carr Lane, William (1917). Historical Sketch of Governor William Carr Lane. Santa Fe: Historical Society of New Mexico. OCLC 2629819.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Darby, John Fletcher (1880). Personal Recollections. St. Louis: G. I. Jones and Company. OCLC 497877. Retrieved May 20, 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

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Political offices
New title Mayor of St. Louis, Missouri
Succeeded by
Daniel Page
Preceded by
John Fletcher Darby
Mayor of St. Louis, Missouri
Succeeded by
John Fletcher Darby
Preceded by
James S. Calhoun
Governor of New Mexico Territory
Succeeded by
David Meriwether