-up

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Porongurup is an example of a Western Australian place with a name that includes the "-up" suffix.

-up /ʌp/ is a suffix commonly found in place names in south western Western Australia.

The suffix originated in a dialect of Noongar, an Indigenous Australian language, in which "-up" means "place of". The suffix "-in" or "-ing" has a similar meaning in a related dialect of Noongar.[1] Places tended to be named after their distinctive features, whereby the place names could be used to create a "mental map" allowing Indigenous Australians to determine where water, food and other raw materials could be found. These sites were often located near sources of fresh water, leading to the common misconception that "up" and "in" mean "near water".[1]

The meanings and the pronunciations of many of these names has been lost over time.[1]

A number of these places were at one stage named with a suffix "-upp". This was as a result of the Western Australian Lands and Surveys Department adopting a system of spelling Indigenous Australian names devised by the Royal Geographical Society. In simple terms, the system set the pronunciation of consonants as in English and vowels as in Italian. Using this system meant that "up" would be pronounced /p/ oop, whereas the names were meant to be pronounced /ʌp/ up.[2] The solution was deemed to be that doubling the following consonant would shorten the preceding vowel, thus "upp". This spelling convention was rescinded for towns in south west Western Australia in 1915 as the Australian pronunciation of "u" was almost always short.[2]

The usage of some terms are for the name of Noongar groups as well as places Pinjarup is one of a number of names for one group - and it has been utilised and changed to the place name of Pinjarra.

List of places

The following is a list of locations in Australia which end in "-up".

Name Location Place name meaning (where known)
Amelup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Badgebup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. "place of wild rushes"[3]
Bailup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. Aboriginal unknown origin.[4]
Balgarup "place of the black boy trees" (Xanthorrhoea preissii).[1]
Balingup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. Derived from the name of an Aboriginal warrior, Balingan.[3]
Banjup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. Named for Banjupp Lake.[4]
Barragup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. Not known.[4]
Beenup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. A corruption of the Aboriginal name of nearby Beenyup Brook. Now known as Byford.[4]
Binningup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. Apparently an Aboriginal name, but not necessarily traditional.[3]
Boranup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Boyanup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. "a place of quartz"[3]
Boyup Brook Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. "place of smoke"[3]
Burekup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. The Aboriginal name of a wildflower that grows profusely in the locality.[3]
Carbunup River Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. " Variously "place of a kindly stream", "place of cormorants", and "place of the stinkwood thicket.[5]
Cardup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. "place of the racehorse goanna".[6]
Chinocup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. an Aboriginal word of unknown meaning.[5]
Condingup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. an Aboriginal word of unknown meaning.[5]
Coodanup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. Unknown.[6]
Cookernup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. "the place of the swamp hen".[5]
Coolbellup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. The Aboriginal name of a lake in the area.[6]
Cooloongup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. "place of children".[7]
Coolup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. "place of the wild turkey".[5]
Coomalbidgup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. "Possum scratches up a tree & there is water there".[5]
Cowaramup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. believed to be derived from cowara, the Aboriginal name for the purple-crowned lorikeet (Glossopsitta porphyrocephala).[5]
Culeenup (Cooleenup) Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Dalyellup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Dalyup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. Possibly the Noongar word for the king parrot or Hookbill.[2]
Dandalup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. Not known.[8]
Dardanup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. Believed to be a variation of the Aboriginal word "Dudingup" the meaning of which is not known.[2]
Dinninup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. An Aboriginal name of unknown meaning.[2]
Dwellingup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. "place of nearby water".[2]
Gelorup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Gidgegannup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. "place where spears are made". "Gidgie" is the word for spear.[9]
Gnowangerup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. "place where the mallee hen nests" (Leipoa ocellata).[10]
Gwelup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. "the lake that shifted position", derived from "Gwelgannow" which means to "shift the position" and "step aside".[9]
Gwindinup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. May be a local spelling of the nearby Gynudup Brook.[10]
Jacup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Jandabup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. "place of little eagle".[11]
Jerdacuttup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. Named for the Jerdacuttup River.[12]
Jerramungup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. "place of upstanding yate trees" (Eucalyptus cornuta).[12]
Jingalup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. A contraction of nearby Kodjingalup Well.[12]
Joondalup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. "place of whiteness or glistening".[11]
Joweelingup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Karnup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. A local Aboriginal name, the meaning of the name is not known.[13]
Karrakup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. From "Karrak", the Nyoongar word for the red-tailed black cockatoo which is prevalent in the area.[13]
Karrinyup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. Originally Careniup, of unknown meaning.[13]
Kebaringup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. A local Aboriginal name, the meaning of the name is not known.[14]
Kendenup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. Of Aboriginal origin, of unknown meaning.
Kirup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. "the place of summer flies".[14]
Kojonup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. "place of the stone axe".[14]
Kudardup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. Named for Coodardup Mill.[14]
Kulikup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. Not known.[14]
Kundip Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. Not known.[14]
Kuringup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. "place of wattle gum".[1]
Kwobrup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. "good place".[14]
Mandogalup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. An Aboriginal name, the meaning of which is unknown.[15]
Manjimup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. An Aboriginal name said to be derived from "Manjin", a broad leafed marsh flag with an edible root.[16]
Marbelup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. Not known.[16]
Marrinup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Mariginiup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. "to pull out flag leaved flax".[15]
Mayanup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. No meaning or source for the name given.[16]
Metricup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Moodiarrup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. Not known.[16]
Morangup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Mullalyup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. "the place where the young men had their noses pierced".[16]
Mumballup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Mungalup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. Not known.[16]
Munglinup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. A local Aboriginal word.[16]
Muradup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. An Aboriginal name.[16]
Myalup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. An Aboriginal name derived from a nearby swamp.[16]
Nambeelup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Nannup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. "stopping place" or "place of parrots".[8]
Narrikup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. "place of abundance"[8]
Needilup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. Not known.[8]
Neerabup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. Possibly "swampy place" or "small basin or lake".[17]
Noggerup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. Not known.[8]
Nornalup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. "place of black snake" (Norn, a name of a Pseudechis species).[1]
Nowergup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. "place of sweet water".[17]
Ongerup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. "place of the male kangaroo".[18]
Palgarup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Peringillup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. Not known.[19]
Pingrup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. Believed to mean "grassy place".[1]
Pootenup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. "place of the native hybrid mallee tree".[1]
Porongurup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Qualeup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. The Aboriginal name of a nearby lake.[20]
Quigup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. Not known.[20]
Quindalup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. "place of quendas" (Isoodon obesulus).[20]
Tambellup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. possibly "place of thunder".[21]
Wadjemup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. Noongar name for Rottnest Island, meaning "place across the water".[22]
Wagerup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. "Place of emus".[23]
Wannanup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Warawarrup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Wattleup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. Named for Wattleup Road.[24]
Wokalup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. Not known. Humorously said to mean "the confusion experienced by nocturnal animals during an eclipse".[23]
Wonnerup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. "place of the Aboriginal woman's digging or fighting stick".[23]
Yallingup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Yalup Brook Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Yangebup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. Derived from the Aboriginal word "yanget", the name of a native flax or bullrush.[25]
Yornup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Yunderup Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. Derived from "Yoondooroop", the original spelling of one of the islands in the Murray River delta.[25]

See also

  • Noongar for a map of the Noongar linguistic regions

Notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 "Noongar Town Names and their Meanings". Aboriginal Perspectives Across the Curriculum. Department of Education and Training (Western Australia). Retrieved 19 May 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 "History of country town names - D". Landgate. Western Australian Land Information Authority. Archived from the original on 19 May 2009. Retrieved 19 May 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 "History of country town names - B". Landgate. Western Australian Land Information Authority. Archived from the original on 19 May 2009. Retrieved 19 May 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 "History of metropolitan suburb names - B". Landgate. Western Australian Land Information Authority. Archived from the original on 19 May 2009. Retrieved 19 May 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 "History of country town names - C". Landgate. Western Australian Land Information Authority. Archived from the original on 19 May 2009. Retrieved 19 May 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 "History of metropolitan suburb names - C". Landgate. Western Australian Land Information Authority. Archived from the original on 19 May 2009. Retrieved 19 May 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. Walley T. (2002) Department of Conservation and Land Management. Personal Communication. In: Department of Conservation and Land Management (2003) Rockingham Lakes Regional Park Draft Management Plan 2003-2013. Western Australia. p.39-40.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 "History of country town names - N". Landgate. Western Australian Land Information Authority. Archived from the original on 19 May 2009. Retrieved 19 May 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. 9.0 9.1 "History of suburb names - G". Landgate. Western Australian Land Information Authority. Archived from the original on 19 May 2009. Retrieved 19 May 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. 10.0 10.1 "History of country town names - G". Landgate. Western Australian Land Information Authority. Archived from the original on 19 May 2009. Retrieved 19 May 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. 11.0 11.1 "History of suburb names - J". Landgate. Western Australian Land Information Authority. Archived from the original on 19 May 2009. Retrieved 19 May 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 "History of country town names - J". Landgate. Western Australian Land Information Authority. Archived from the original on 19 May 2009. Retrieved 19 May 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 "History of metropolitan suburb names - K". Landgate. Western Australian Land Information Authority. Archived from the original on 19 May 2009. Retrieved 19 May 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 14.3 14.4 14.5 14.6 "History of country town names - K". Landgate. Western Australian Land Information Authority. Archived from the original on 19 May 2009. Retrieved 19 May 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  15. 15.0 15.1 "History of metropolitan suburb names - M". Landgate. Western Australian Land Information Authority. Archived from the original on 19 May 2009. Retrieved 19 May 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  16. 16.0 16.1 16.2 16.3 16.4 16.5 16.6 16.7 16.8 "History of country town names - M". Landgate. Western Australian Land Information Authority. Archived from the original on 19 May 2009. Retrieved 19 May 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  17. 17.0 17.1 "History of metropolitan suburb names - N". Landgate. Western Australian Land Information Authority. Archived from the original on 19 May 2009. Retrieved 19 May 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  18. "History of country town names - O". Landgate. Western Australian Land Information Authority. Archived from the original on 19 May 2009. Retrieved 19 May 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  19. "History of country town names - P". Landgate. Western Australian Land Information Authority. Archived from the original on 19 May 2009. Retrieved 19 May 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  20. 20.0 20.1 20.2 "History of country town names - Q". Landgate. Western Australian Land Information Authority. Archived from the original on 19 May 2009. Retrieved 19 May 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  21. "History of country town names - T". Landgate. Western Australian Land Information Authority. Archived from the original on 19 May 2009. Retrieved 19 May 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  22. Wadjemup (Rottnest Island) (www.creativespirits.info) Retrieved 2009-05-20
  23. 23.0 23.1 23.2 "History of country town names - W". Landgate. Western Australian Land Information Authority. Archived from the original on 19 May 2009. Retrieved 19 May 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  24. "History of metropolitan suburb names - W". Landgate. Western Australian Land Information Authority. Archived from the original on 19 May 2009. Retrieved 19 May 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  25. 25.0 25.1 "History of metropolitan suburb names - Y". Landgate. Western Australian Land Information Authority. Archived from the original on 19 May 2009. Retrieved 19 May 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

Further reading

  • Milne, Rod. (1992) Ups and ings : Aboriginal place names of south western W.A Perth, W.A.: R. Milne

External links