110th Street (Manhattan)

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Ellington Circle amphitheater and Central Park North
Central Park North and Fifth
Lincoln Correctional Facility
Frederick Douglass Circle
Looking west along West 110th Street from Broadway, toward Riverside Park

110th Street is a street in the New York City borough of Manhattan. It is commonly known as the boundary between Harlem and Central Park, along which it is known as Central Park North. In the west, between Central Park West / Frederick Douglass Boulevard and Riverside Drive, it is co-signed as Cathedral Parkway.


110th Street is an eastbound street between First Avenue and Madison Avenue. The small portion between Madison Avenue and Fifth Avenue is westbound. West of Fifth Avenue, the road widens to accommodate two-way traffic.

A statue of Duke Ellington stands in Duke Ellington Circle, a shallow amphitheater at 110th Street and Fifth Avenue, at the northeast corner of Central Park. Unveiled in 1997, the statue, by sculptor Robert Graham, is 25 feet (7.6 m) tall, and depicts the Muses — nine nude caryatids — supporting a grand piano and Duke Ellington on their heads.[1] Duke Ellington Circle is also the site of the future Museum for African Art.

Where 110th Street crosses Central Park West and Frederick Douglass Boulevard, at the northwest corner of Central Park, is Frederick Douglass Circle.

The south edge of Morningside Park lies along West 110th Street between Manhattan Avenue and Morningside Drive.[2]

The south edge of the close of the Cathedral of Saint John the Divine is located along West 110th Street, known along this stretch as Cathedral Parkway, between Morningside Drive and Amsterdam Avenue. The street comes to a close at Riverside Drive before Riverside Park.

Central Park North

Central Park North is a section of West 110th Street. As the name implies, it lies at the northern end of Central Park. It is bounded by Central Park West on the west and Fifth Avenue on the east. It is notable for its incongruities; the Lincoln Correctional Facility – originally constructed in 1914 for the Young Women's Hebrew Association – stands just a few blocks away from new luxury condo developments.

Central Park North has three of the original gates of Central Park. Farmers Gate is the termination of Lenox Avenue, also known as "Malcolm X Boulevard." Warriors Gate is the termination of the Adam Clayton Powell Jr. Boulevard portion of Seventh Ave. Pioneers Gate is at Fifth Avenue (Duke Ellington Circle).

The original Polo Grounds was located along Central Park North, between Fifth and Sixth avenues. Originally hosting polo, it was the home for the New York Metropolitans baseball club from 1880 to 1886 and for the New York Gothams – subsequently the Giants – from 1883 to 1888.

In the first decade of the 21st century, there was significant real estate development on properties with a view of Central Park. In 2003, Manhattan-based developer Athena headed by Louis Dubin bought a property on this street.[3][4][5] The building was pitched as "an opportunity for New Yorkers to be on the park at roughly half the price of Central Park South."[6] The rebirth of Harlem along Central Park north had attracted celebrities such as Marcia Gay Harden, Maya Angelou, and Kareem Abdul-Jabbar.[7] The finished building was 20 stories tall with 48 residential units, 9,500 of ground floor retail space, 48 parking spaces, and each unit had a view of Central Park.[8]

Notable places


The elevated IRT Ninth Avenue Line used to reach a great height at its 110th Street station and, according to Douglas (2004), was a popular site for suicide jumpers. In 1927, The New York Times reported that:

"the number of suicides from the 110th Street Station of the Sixth Avenue elevated is ruining the business of the merchants with shops below, according to [the merchants].... According to [a spokesperson] there were eleven suicides from that station in the past year, and the effect has been such that potential customers prefer to walk a little farther rather than risk seeing a person hurtle from above."

Today, there are four New York City Subway stations on 110th Street:

110th Street is served by the M2, M3, and M4 New York City Bus routes.[9]

Notable people

George Gershwin lived in the apartment building on the northwest corner of 110th and Amsterdam Ave., where he composed his seminal piece, Rhapsody in Blue. Arthur Miller lived there as a child.

In popular culture

Like 96th Street, 110th is seen to symbolically divide New York City by wealth, class and race, particularly on the East Side. On the West Side, west of Morningside Park especially, 125th Street is a more salient marker due to Columbia University.



  1. Duke Ellington Memorial Dedicated in Harlem, artnet. Accessed September 16, 2007.
  2. Morningside Park, New York City Department of Parks and Recreation. Accessed August 3, 2008.
  3. Gross, Max (June 14, 2007). "Across 110th–Central Park North Is Breaking Real-Estate Records". New York Post. Retrieved 2009-11-02. We bought the property around four years ago,' says Louis Dubin, president of the Athena Group.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. Taylor, Candace (July 10, 2008). "Gourmet Market's Opening Signals Shift in East Harlem". The New York Sun. Retrieved 2009-11-02. A decade ago, however, the area had a reputation as one of the most dangerous and economically depressed in the city, Louis Dubin, the CEO of the developer of 111 Central Park North, the Athena Group, said.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. Padalka, Alex; Stabile, Tom (February 2007). "Keeping Up with the New York Region's Leading Developers". New York Construction. Retrieved 2009-11-02. Principals: Louis Dubin, president, CEO; Lee Saltzman, COO; Barry Seidel, executive vice president<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. Keil, Braden (July 16, 2004). "Harlem High-Rise Planned". Wired New York. Retrieved 2009-11-02. The Post has learned that luxury condominium builder, The Athena Group, has bought three property parcels at the northwest corner of Central Park North and Lenox Ave.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. Schoeneman, Deborah (May 21, 2005). "Above It All–Central Park North always had great views—and few takers. But the secret is finally getting out". New York. Retrieved 2009-11-03. “We call it Upper Manhattan,” says developer Louis Dubin of the Athena Group. Dubin recently bought the shopping center at the corner of Central Park North and Lenox Avenue, and hopes—pending a construction-hardship variance—to build seventeen stories of condos there selling for $450,000 to $2 million.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. Stoler, Michael (December 4, 2006). "The Tale of Three Harlems". The New York Sun. Retrieved 2009-11-02. Approximately 30% of the units have been presold, including a complete floor of 5,200 square feet, for $6.6 million, or approximately $1,200 per square foot,' the president of the Athena Group, Louis Dubin, told my class at the New York University Real Estate Institute last week<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. "Manhattan Bus Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. September 2014. Retrieved March 20, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>


External links