From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core
Jump to: navigation, search
Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries: 11th century12th century13th century
Decades: 1160s  1170s  1180s  – 1190s –  1200s  1210s  1220s
Years: 1188 1189 119011911192 1193 1194
1191 by topic
State leadersSovereign states
Birth and death categories
Establishments and disestablishments categories
Art and literature
1191 in poetry
1191 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1191
Ab urbe condita 1944
Armenian calendar 640
Assyrian calendar 5941
Bengali calendar 598
Berber calendar 2141
English Regnal year Ric. 1 – 3 Ric. 1
Buddhist calendar 1735
Burmese calendar 553
Byzantine calendar 6699–6700
Chinese calendar 庚戌(Metal Dog)
3887 or 3827
    — to —
辛亥年 (Metal Pig)
3888 or 3828
Coptic calendar 907–908
Discordian calendar 2357
Ethiopian calendar 1183–1184
Hebrew calendar 4951–4952
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1247–1248
 - Shaka Samvat 1113–1114
 - Kali Yuga 4292–4293
Holocene calendar 11191
Igbo calendar 191–192
Iranian calendar 569–570
Islamic calendar 586–587
Japanese calendar Kenkyū 2
Julian calendar 1191
Korean calendar 3524
Minguo calendar 721 before ROC
Seleucid era 1502/1503 AG
Thai solar calendar 1733–1734

Year 1191 (MCXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.


By place



By topic


  • The first reference to the windmill in Europe is made by a Dean Herbert of East Anglia, whose mills are supposedly in competition with the abbey of Bury St Edmunds. This is probably an invention imported from interaction with the Muslim world, since the first windmills were most likely innovated from the Bana Musa brothers in the Islamic Middle East during the middle 9th century. The windmill will spread in the other direction, to be introduced to China by as early as 1219.




In fiction


  1. King John by Warren. Published by University of California Press in 1961. p. 43
  2. Jean-Claude Maire Vigueur (2010) L'autre Rome. Une histoire des Romains à l'époque communale (XIIe-XIVe siècle). Paris: Tallandier. pp.316.
  3. Picard, Christophe (1997). La mer et les musulmans d'Occident VIIIe-XIIIe siècle. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. Picard, Christophe (2000). Le Portugal musulman (VIIIe-XIIIe siècle. L'Occident d'al-Andalus sous domination islamique. Paris: Maisonneuve & Larose. p. 110. ISBN 2-7068-1398-9.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. Grandsen, Antonia (2001). "The Growth of Glastonbury Traditions and Legends in the Twelfth Century". In J. P. Carley (ed.). Glastonbury Abbey and the Arthurian tradition. Boydell & Brewer. p. 43. ISBN 0-85991-572-7.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>