12th G7 summit

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12th G7 summit
State Guest-House Akasaka Palace.JPG
State Guesthouse, Akasaka Palace[1]
Host country Japan
Dates May 4–6, 1986
Follows 11th G7 summit
Precedes 13th G7 summit

The 12th G7 Summit was held in Tokyo, Japan between May 4 and May 6, 1986. The venue for the summit meetings was the State Guesthouse in Tokyo, Japan.[2]

The Group of Seven (G7) was an unofficial forum which brought together the heads of the richest industrialized countries: France, West Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada (since 1976)[3] and the President of the European Commission (starting officially in 1981).[4] The summits were not meant to be linked formally with wider international institutions; and in fact, a mild rebellion against the stiff formality of other international meetings was a part of the genesis of cooperation between France's President Giscard d'Estaing and West Germany's Chancellor Helmut Schmidt as they conceived the first Group of Six (G6) summit in 1975.[5]

Leaders at the Summit

The G7 is an unofficial annual forum for the leaders of Canada, the European Commission, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States.[4]

The 12th G7 summit was the last summit for Italian Prime Minister Bettino Craxi.

Core G7 participants

These summit participants are the current "core members" of the international forum:[6]

Core G7 members
Host nation and leader are indicated in bold text.
Member Represented by Title
Canada Canada Brian Mulroney [2] Prime Minister
France France François Mitterrand [2] President
Germany West Germany Helmut Kohl [2] Chancellor
Italy Italy Bettino Craxi [2] Prime Minister
Japan Japan Yasuhiro Nakasone [2] Prime Minister
United Kingdom United Kingdom Margaret Thatcher [2] Prime Minister
United States United States Ronald Reagan [2] President
European Union European Commission Jacques Delors [7] President


The summit was intended as a venue for resolving differences among its members. As a practical matter, the summit was also conceived as an opportunity for its members to give each other mutual encouragement in the face of difficult economic decisions.[5]


See also


  1. Cabinet Office, Government of Japan; State Guest House, Akasaka Palace; retrieved 2013-6-19.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 Japan, Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA): Summit Meetings in the Past.
  3. Saunders, Doug. "Weight of the world too heavy for G8 shoulders," Globe and Mail (Toronto). July 5, 2008 -- n.b., the G7 becomes the Group of Eight (G7) with the inclusion of Russia starting in 1997.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Reuters: "Factbox: The Group of Eight: what is it?", July 3, 2008.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Reinalda, Bob and Bertjan Verbeek. (1998). Autonomous Policy Making by International Organizations, p. 205.
  6. Rieffel, Lex. "Regional Voices in Global Governance: Looking to 2010 (Part IV)," Brookings. March 27, 2009; "core" members (Muskoka 2010 G-8, official site).
  7. MOFA: Summit (12); European Union: "EU and the G8"


External links