From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core
|Centuries:||15th century – 16th century – 17th century|
|Decades:||1540s 1550s 1560s – 1570s – 1580s 1590s 1600s|
|Years:||1567 1568 1569 – 1570 – 1571 1572 1573|
|1570 by topic|
|Arts and science|
|Lists of leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Ab urbe condita||2323|
|English Regnal year||12 Eliz. 1 – 13 Eliz. 1|
|Chinese calendar||己巳年 (Earth Snake)
4266 or 4206
— to —
庚午年 (Metal Horse)
4267 or 4207
|- Vikram Samvat||1626–1627|
|- Shaka Samvat||1492–1493|
|- Kali Yuga||4671–4672|
|Japanese calendar||Eiroku 13 / Genki 1
|Minguo calendar||342 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2112–2113|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1570.|
- January 9 – Ivan the Terrible starts the Massacre of Novgorod.
- January 23 – The assassination of Scottish regent James Stewart, 1st Earl of Moray, by James Hamilton (the first recorded assassination using a firearm) throws Scotland into civil war.
- February 8 – A magnitude 8.3 earthquake occurs in Concepción, Chile.
- February 15 – Venus occults Jupiter; this will next happen in 1818.
- February 25 – Pope Pius V excommunicates Queen Elizabeth I of England with the bull Regnans in Excelsis.
- May 20 – Abraham Ortelius publishes the first modern atlas, Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, in Antwerp.
- June 10 – The Kingdom of Livonia is established.
- July 3 – Ottoman conquest of Cyprus begins.
- July 14 – Pope Pius V issues Quo primum, promulgating the 1570 edition of the Roman Missal.
- July 30 – The Sengoku period nihongo Battle of Anegawa 姉川の戦い Ane-gawa no Tatakai occurred near Lake Biwa in Ōmi Province, Japan, between the allied forces of Oda Nobunaga and Tokugawa Ieyasu, against the combined forces of the Azai and Asakura clans.
- August 8 – The Peace of Saint-Germain ends the Third War of Religion in France. Again, the Huguenots are promised religious freedom and political autonomy.
- Spanish conquistador Juan de Salcedo in the service of Miguel López de Legazpi begins conquest of the Kingdom of Maynila.
- Construction of the original Catedral Nuestra Señora de La Asunción, the oldest church in Venezuela, begins.
- Whitechapel Bell Foundry known to be in existence in London. By the early 21st century it will be the oldest manufacturing company in Great Britain.
- Andrea Palladio publishes I quattro libri dell'architettura in Venice.
- The Andean population of Peru reaches 1.3 million.
- January 22 – Robert Bruce Cotton, English politician (d. 1631)
- February – Henry Balnaves, Scottish politician and religious reformer (b. 1512)
- April 13 – Guy Fawkes, English conspirator (d. 1606)
- June 13 – Paul Peuerl, German organist (d. 1625)
- October 4 – Péter Pázmány, Hungarian cardinal and statesman (d. 1637)
- November 28 – James Whitelocke, English judge (d. 1632)
- date unknown
- Diego Aduarte, Prior of Manila (d. 1637)
- Robert Aytoun, Scottish poet (d. 1638)
- John Cooper, English composer and lutenist (d. 1626)
- John Farmer, English composer (d. c.1601)
- Simon Grahame, Scottish-born adventurer (d. 1614)
- Nakagawa Hidenari, Japanese daimyo (d. 1612)
- Hans Lippershey, Dutch lensmaker (d. 1619)
- Asprilio Pacelli, Italian Baroque composer (d. 1623)
- Girolamo Rainaldi, Italian architect (d. 1655)
- Salamone Rossi, Italian violinist and composer (d. 1630)
- John Smyth, English Baptist minister (d. 1612)
- Chief Powhatan, Algonquin chief (d. 1620)
- January 8 – Philibert de l'Orme, French architect (b. 1510)
- January 19 – Paris Bordone, Venetian painter (b. 1495)
- January 23 – James Stewart, 1st Earl of Moray, regent of Scotland (assassinated) (b. c.1531)
- July 1 – Zofia Tarnowska, Polish noblewoman (b. 1534)
- July 3 – Aonio Paleario, Italian humanist and reformer (executed) (b. c. 1500)
- July 25 – Ivan Mikhailovich Viskovatyi, Russian diplomat
- October 1 – Frans Floris, Flemish painter (b. 1520)
- October 18 – Manuel da Nóbrega, Portuguese Jesuit in Brazil (b. 1517)
- October 20 – João de Barros, Portuguese historian (b. 1496)
- November – Jacques Grévin, French dramatist (b. 1539)
- November 27 – Jacopo Sansovino, Italian sculptor and architect (b. 1486)
- date unknown