From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core
|Centuries:||15th century – 16th century – 17th century|
|Decades:||1540s 1550s 1560s – 1570s – 1580s 1590s 1600s|
|Years:||1574 1575 1576 – 1577 – 1578 1579 1580|
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|Ab urbe condita||2330|
|English Regnal year||19 Eliz. 1 – 20 Eliz. 1|
|Chinese calendar||丙子年 (Fire Rat)
4273 or 4213
— to —
丁丑年 (Fire Ox)
4274 or 4214
|- Vikram Samvat||1633–1634|
|- Shaka Samvat||1499–1500|
|- Kali Yuga||4678–4679|
|Japanese calendar||Tenshō 5
|Minguo calendar||335 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2119–2120|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1577.|
- January 9 – The second Union of Brussels is formed, first without the Protestant counties of Holland and Zeeland (which is accepted by king Philip II of Spain), later with the Protestants, which means open rebellion of the whole of the Netherlands.
- March 17 – The Cathay Company is formed to send Martin Frobisher back to the New World for more gold.
- May 28 – The Bergen Book, better known as the Solid Declaration of the Formula of Concord, one of the Lutheran confessional writings, is published. The earlier version, known as the Torgau Book (1576), had been condensed into an Epitome; both documents are part of the 1580 Book of Concord.
- September 17 – The Treaty of Bergerac is signed between Henry III of France and the Huguenots.
- December 13 – Francis Drake leaves Plymouth, England, aboard the Pelican with four other ships and 164 men on an expedition against the Spanish along the Pacific coast of the Americas which will become a circumnavigation.
- Supposed massacre of the MacDonald inhabitants of the Scottish island of Eigg by the Clan MacLeod.
- The church in San Pedro de Atacama is built in the Atacama Desert in Chile .
- January 12 – Jan Baptist van Helmont, Flemish chemist (d. 1644)
- February 6 – Beatrice Cenci, Italian noblewoman who conspired to kill her father (d. 1599)
- February 8 – Robert Burton, English scholar (d. 1640)
- April 12 – King Christian IV of Denmark and Norway (d. 1648)
- April 16 – Elisabeth of Nassau, regent of Sedan (d. 1642)
- June 12 – Paul Guldin, Swiss Jesuit mathematician (d. 1643)
- June 28 – Peter Paul Rubens, German painter (d. 1640)
- July 9 – Thomas West, 3rd Baron De La Warr, English governor of Virginia (d. 1618)
- August 11 (bapt.) – Barnaby Potter, English Bishop of Carlisle (d. 1642)
- October 17 – Cristofano Allori, Italian portrait painter (d. 1621)
- November 10 – Jacob Cats, Dutch poet, jurist and politician (d. 1660)
- November 25 – Samuel Purchas, English travel writer (d. 1626)
- November 20 (bapt.) – Piet Pieterszoon Hein, Dutch naval officer (d. 1629)
- date unknown
- Christoph Besold, German jurist (d. 1638)
- Giacomo Cavedone, Italian painter (d. 1660)
- Robert Cushman, English Plymouth Colony settler (d. 1625)
- William Noy, English lawyer and politician (d. 1634)
- Meletius Smotrytsky, Ruthenian religious activist and author, who developed Church Slavonic grammar (d. 1633)
- Gerhard Johann Vossius, German classical scholar and theologian (d. 1649)
- February – Adam von Bodenstein, Swiss alchemist and physician (b. 1528)
- February 26 – King Eric XIV of Sweden (b. 1533)
- May – Richard Aertsz, Dutch painter (b. 1482)
- May 5 – Viglius, Dutch statesman (b. 1507)
- July 26 – Blaise de Lasseran-Massencôme, seigneur de Montluc, Marshal of France (b. 1502)
- August 12 – Thomas Smith, English scholar and diplomat (b. 1513)
- September 7 – Infanta Maria of Guimarães (b. 1538)
- October 7 – George Gascoigne, English poet (b. c. 1525)
- October 10 – Maria of Portugal, Duchess of Viseu (b. 1521)
- November 19 – Matsunaga Hisahide, Japanese warlord (b. 1510)
- November 29 – Cuthbert Mayne, English saint (b. 1543)
- December 18 – Anna of Saxony, second wife of William the Silent