|Centuries:||15th century – 16th century – 17th century|
|Decades:||1550s 1560s 1570s – 1580s – 1590s 1600s 1610s|
|Years:||1584 1585 1586 – 1587 – 1588 1589 1590|
|1587 by topic|
|Arts and science|
|Lists of leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Ab urbe condita||2340|
|English Regnal year||29 Eliz. 1 – 30 Eliz. 1|
|Chinese calendar||丙戌年 (Fire Dog)
4283 or 4223
— to —
丁亥年 (Fire Pig)
4284 or 4224
|- Vikram Samvat||1643–1644|
|- Shaka Samvat||1509–1510|
|- Kali Yuga||4688–4689|
|Japanese calendar||Tenshō 15
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 10 days|
|Minguo calendar||325 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2129–2130|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1587.|
1587 (MDLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (dominical letter D) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Sunday (dominical letter A) of the Julian calendar, the 1587th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 587th year of the 2nd millennium, the 87th year of the 16th century, and the 8th year of the 1580s decade. Note that the Julian day for 1587 is 10 calendar days difference, which continued to be used from 1582 until the complete conversion of the Gregorian calendar was entirely done in 1929.
- February 1 – Queen Elizabeth I of England signs the death warrant of her cousin Mary, Queen of Scots, after Mary is implicated in a plot to murder Elizabeth. Seven days later, on the orders of Elizabeth's privy council, Mary is beheaded at Fotheringhay Castle.
- April 29 – "Singeing the King of Spain's Beard": On an expedition against Spain, English privateer Sir Francis Drake leads a raid in the Bay of Cádiz, sinking at least 23 ships of the Spanish fleet.
- July 22 – Roanoke Colony: A group of English settlers arrive on Roanoke Island off of North Carolina to re-establish the deserted colony.
- August 18 – According to legend, Saul Wahl is named king of Poland.
- August 19
- August 27 – Governor John White leaves the Roanoke Colony to get more supplies from England.
- October 1 – Shāh ‘Abbās I "The Great" succeeds as Shahanshah of Iran.
- October 20 – Battle of Coutras: Huguenot forces under Henry of Navarre defeat Royalist forces under Anne de Joyeuse, favorite of King Henry. Joyeuse is killed.
- October 31 – Leiden University Library opens its doors after its founding in 1575.
- Toyotomi Hideyoshi attacks Kyūshū.
- The first Filipinos in North America land in Morro Bay, near San Luis Obispo, California.
- A severe famine breaks out in China during the Ming dynasty.
- The Rose (theatre) is founded in London by Philip Henslowe.
- The chapbook Historia von D. Johann Fausten, printed by Johann Spies in Frankfurt, is the first published version of the Faust story.
- Establishment of St. Dominic's Church, Macau.
- January 5 – Xu Xiake, Chinese adventurer and geographer (d. 1641)
- January 6 – Gaspar de Guzmán, Count-Duke of Olivares, Spanish statesman (d. 1645)
- January 8 – Jan Pieterszoon Coen, Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (d. 1629)
- February 26 – Stefano Landi, Italian composer (d. 1639)
- May 8 – Victor Amadeus I, Duke of Savoy (d. 1637)
- June 2 – Willem Ysbrandtsz Bontekoe, Dutch sea captain (d. 1657)
- June 5 – Robert Rich, 2nd Earl of Warwick, English colonial administrator and admiral (d. 1658)
- June 15 – Gabriel Oxenstierna, Swedish statesman (d. 1640)
- June 21 – Kaspar von Barth, German philologist (d. 1658)
- July 28 – George Yeardley, English colonial administrator in America (d. 1627)
- August 18 – Virginia Dare, Virginia colony settler, the first person of English parentage born in America (date of death unknown)
- September 18 – Francesca Caccini, Italian composer
- November 3 – Samuel Scheidt, German composer (d. 1653)
- November 17 – Joost van den Vondel, Dutch dramatist and poet (d. 1679)
- date unknown
- January – Thomas Seckford, English official (b. 1515)
- February 8 – Mary, Queen of Scots (executed) (b. 1542)
- February 9 – Vincenzo Ruffo, Italian composer (b. 1510)
- March 15 – Caspar Olevian, German theologian (b. 1536)
- March 30 – Ralph Sadler, English statesman (b. 1507)
- April 8 – John Foxe, English author (b. 1516)
- April 14 – Edward Manners, 3rd Earl of Rutland (b. 1548)
- April 16 – Anne Seymour, Duchess of Somerset (b. 1497)
- June 11 – Ōtomo Sōrin, Japanese Christian daimyo (b. 1530)
- June 23 – Ōmura Sumitada, Japanese Christian daimyo (b. 1532)
- August 29 – Vincenzo Bellavere, Italian composer (b. c. 1540)
- October 19 – Francesco I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (b. 1541)
- date unknown
- probable – George Whetstone, English writer (b. 1544)