This article is about the year 1596.
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1596 (MDXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (dominical letter GF) of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Thursday (dominical letter DC) of the Julian calendar, the 1596th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 596th year of the 2nd millennium, the 96th year of the 16th century, and the 7th year of the 1590s decade. Note that the Julian day for 1596 is 10 calendar days difference, which continued to be used from 1582 until the complete conversion of the Gregorian calendar was entirely done in 1929.
- July 5 – An English fleet, commanded by Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, and Lord Howard of Effingham, sacks Cádiz.
- July 14 – King Dominicus Corea (Edirille Bandara) is beheaded by the Portuguese in Colombo, Ceylon.
- August - David Fabricius discovers the star Mira.
- September 17 – The Spanish capture Amiens.
- September 20 – Diego de Montemayor founds the city of Monterrey, Mexico.
- October 8–October 10 – The Union of Brest: The Ukrainian Church west of the Dnipro becomes known as the Ukrainian rite of Catholicism, whereas the East officially renounces the authority of the Pope.
- October 18 the "Second Armada", a Spanish fleet sent to attack England in revenge to the raid on Cadiz, is wrecked in storms between Corcubion and Cape Finisterre. 2,000 men are lost.
- October 24–October 26 – Battle of Keresztes: The Turks defeat a combined Habsburg–Transylvanian army.
- January 13 – Jan van Goyen, Dutch painter (d. 1656)
- February 2 – Jacob van Campen, Dutch artist and architect (d. 1657)
- March 31 – René Descartes, French philosopher and Mathematician (d. 1650)
- May 9 – Abraham van Diepenbeeck, painter (d. 1675)
- June 23 – Johan Banér, Swedish soldier (d. 1641)
- June 29 – Emperor Go-Mizunoo of Japan (d. 1680)
- July 12 – Michael I of Russia (d. 1645)
- August 16 – Frederick V, Elector Palatine (d. 1632)
- August 18 – Jean Bolland, Belgian Jesuit, Founder of the Bollandist (d. 1665)
- August 19 – Elizabeth Stuart, later Queen Elizabeth of Bohemia (d. 1662)
- September 4 – Constantijn Huygens, Dutch poet (d. 1687)
- October 18 – Edward Winslow, American Pilgrim leader (d. 1655)
- November 1 – Pietro da Cortona, Italian painter (d. 1669)
- December 3 – Nicolò Amati, Italian violin maker (d. 1684)
- December 21
- date unknown
- January 27 – Sir Francis Drake, English explorer, English sea captain, privateer, navigator, slaver, pirate and politician (b. 1540)
- February 17 – Friedrich Sylburg, German classical scholar (b. 1536)
- March 23 – Henry Unton, English diplomat (b. 1557)
- May 6 – Giaches de Wert, Flemish composer (b. 1535)
- July 23 – Henry Carey, 1st Baron Hunsdon (b. 1526)
- August 11 – Hamnet Shakespeare (b. 1585), son of William Shakespeare
- September 15 – Leonhard Rauwolf, German physician and botanist (b. 1535)
- October 3 – Florent Chrestien, French writer (b. 1541)
- November 1 – Pierre Pithou, French lawyer and scholar (b. 1539)
- November 10 – Peter Wentworth, English Puritan politician (b. 1530)
- November 29
- date unknown
- probable – Henry Willobie, English poet (b. 1575)
- ↑ Emily C. Bartels (April 2006). "Too Many Blackamoors: Deportation, Discrimination, and Elizabeth I". Studies in English Literature, 1500-1900. 46 (2). Rice University: 305–322.
In 1596, Queen Elizabeth issued an 'open letter' to the Lord Mayor of London, announcing that 'there are of late divers black-moores brought into this realme, of which kinde of people there aire allready here to manie,' and ordering that they be deported from the country.
- ↑ Stratton, J.M. (1969). Agricultural Records. John Baker. ISBN 0-212-97022-4.