|Centuries:||16th century – 17th century – 18th century|
|Decades:||1580s 1590s 1600s – 1610s – 1620s 1630s 1640s|
|Years:||1610 1611 1612 – 1613 – 1614 1615 1616|
|1613 by topic:|
|Arts and Science|
|Architecture - Art - Literature - Music - Science|
|Lists of leaders|
|Colonial governors - State leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births - Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments - Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2366|
|English Regnal year||10 Ja. 1 – 11 Ja. 1|
|Chinese calendar||壬子年 (Water Rat)
4309 or 4249
— to —
癸丑年 (Water Ox)
4310 or 4250
|- Vikram Samvat||1669–1670|
|- Shaka Samvat||1535–1536|
|- Kali Yuga||4714–4715|
|Japanese calendar||Keichō 18
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 10 days|
|Minguo calendar||299 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2155–2156|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1613.|
1613 (MDCXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (dominical letter F) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Friday (dominical letter C) of the Julian calendar, the 1613th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 613th year of the 2nd millennium, the 13th year of the 17th century, and the 4th year of the 1610s decade. Note that the Julian day for 1613 is 10 calendar days difference, which continued to be used from 1582 until the complete conversion of the Gregorian calendar was entirely done in 1929.
- 11 January – Workers in a sandpit in the Dauphiné discover the skeleton of what is alleged to be a 30-foot tall man, the remains, it is supposed, of the giant Teutobochus, a legendary Gallic king who fought the Romans.
- January 20 – King James I of England successfully mediates the Treaty of Knäred between Denmark and Sweden.
- February 7 – An assembly of the Russian Empire elects Mikhail Romanov to be Tsar of Russia, and establishes the Romanov Dynasty, ending the Time of Troubles.
- February 14 – Elizabeth, daughter of King James I of England, marries Frederick V, Elector Palatine.
- March 27 – The first English child is born in Canada at Cuper's Cove, Newfoundland to Nicholas Guy.
- March 29 – Samuel de Champlain becomes the first unofficial Governor of New France.
- April 13 – Samuel Argall captures Algonquian princess Pocahontas in Passapatanzy, Virginia to ransom her for some English prisoners held by her father. She is brought to Henricus as hostage.
- June – At Jamestown, John Rolfe makes the first shipment of West Indian tobacco grown in Virginia to England.
- June 29 – Fire destroys London's famed Globe Theatre.
- July – Algonquian princess Pocahontas meets English colonist John Rolfe in Henricus, Virginia during her captivity. Reverend Alexander Whitaker converts her to Christianity. She adopts the name "Rebecca".
- July 28 – Gregor Richter, the chief pastor of Görlitz, denounces Jacob Boehme as a heretic in his Sunday sermon.
- August 29 – The Sicilians under de Aragon defeat the trade fleet of the Ottoman Empire.
- September 29 – The New River is opened, to supply London with drinking water from Hertfordshire.
- October 28 – Keichō embassy: Hasekura Tsunenaga sets out in the Date Maru with a Japanese diplomatic mission to the Holy See, first traveling to Acapulco in New Spain. This follows soon after an agreement between Tokugawa Ieyasu and the East India Company permitting English merchants to live and trade in Japan.
- November 3 – English royal favourite Robert Carr is created 1st Earl of Somerset.
- December 26 – The Earl of Somerset marries Frances Howard, occasioning John Donne's Eclogue.
- James I of England condemns duels in his proclamation Against Private Challenges and Combats.
- The Ottoman Empire invades Hungary.
- A locust swarm destroys La Camarque, France.
- The territory of Kuwait is founded.
- Sultan Agung of Mataram takes the throne of the kingdom of Mataram on Java.
- Near Jamestown, Virginia, Sir Thomas Dale starts a settlement called "Bermuda City" which later becomes part of Hopewell, Virginia.
- February 2 – Noël Chabanel, French Jesuit missionary (d. 1649)
- March 12 – André Le Nôtre, French landscape gardener (d. 1700)
- April 7 – Gerhard Douw, Dutch painter (d. 1675)
- May 31 – John George II, Elector of Saxony (d. 1680)
- August 15 – Gilles Ménage, French scholar (d. 1692)
- September 15 – François de La Rochefoucauld, French writer (d. 1680)
- September 25 – Claude Perrault, French architect (d. 1688)
- October 13 – Luisa de Guzmán, queen consort of Portugal (d. 1666)
- November 5 – Isaac de Benserade, French poet (d. 1691)
- December 23 – Carl Gustaf Wrangel, Swedish soldier (d. 1676)
- date unknown
- probable – Richard Crashaw, English poet (d. 1649)
- January 28 – Thomas Bodley, English diplomat and library founder (b. 1545)
- April 27 – Robert Abercromby, Scottish Jesuit missionary (b. 1532)
- August 7 – Thomas Fleming, English judge (b. 1544)
- August 18 – Giovanni Artusi, Italian composer (b. c. 1540)
- September 8 – Carlo Gesualdo, Italian composer (b. 1566)
- September 15 – Thomas Overbury, English poet (murdered) (b. 1581)
- November 16 – Trajano Boccalini, Italian satirist (b. 1556)
- December 6 – Anton Praetorius, German pastor (b. 1560)
- date unknown – Phung Khac Khoan, Vietnamese military strategist, politician, diplomat and poet (b. 1528)