|Centuries:||16th century – 17th century – 18th century|
|Decades:||1580s 1590s 1600s – 1610s – 1620s 1630s 1640s|
|Years:||1611 1612 1613 – 1614 – 1615 1616 1617|
|1614 by topic:|
|Arts and Science|
|Architecture - Art - Literature - Music - Science|
|Lists of leaders|
|Colonial governors - State leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births - Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments - Disestablishments|
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1614 (MDCXIV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (dominical letter E) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Saturday (dominical letter B) of the Julian calendar, the 1614th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 614th year of the 2nd millennium, the 14th year of the 17th century, and the 5th year of the 1610s decade. Note that the Julian day for 1614 is 10 calendar days difference, which continued to be used from 1582 until the complete conversion of the Gregorian calendar was entirely done in 1929.
- July 6 – Raid of Żejtun: Ottoman forces make a final attempt to conquer the island of Malta but are beaten back by the Knights Hospitaller.
- August 23 – The University of Groningen is established in the Dutch Republic.
- September 1 – In England, Sir Julius Caesar becomes Master of the Rolls.
- October 11 – Adriaen Block and a group of Amsterdam merchants petition the States General of the Northern Netherlands for exclusive trading rights in the area he explored and named "New Netherland".
- November 16 – The Treaty of Xanten ends the War of the Jülich succession.
- November 19 – Start of hostilities resulting from an attempt by Toyotomi Hideyori to restore Osaka Castle. Tokugawa Ieyasu, father of the Shogun, is outraged at this act, and leads three thousand men across the Kizu River, destroying the fort there.
- December 4 – The Siege of Osaka begins.
- The French Estates General meets for the last time before the era of the French Revolution. In the interim, the Kingdom of France will be governed as an absolute monarchy.
- Scottish mathematician John Napier publishes Mirifici Logarithmorum Canonis Descriptio (Description of the Admirable Table of Logarithms), outlining his discovery of logarithms and incorporating the decimal mark. Astronomer Johannes Kepler soon begins to employ logarithms in his description of the solar system.
- Tisquantum, a Native American of the Wampanoag Nation, is kidnapped and enslaved by Thomas Hunt, an English sea captain working with Captain John Smith. Freed in Spain, Tisquantum (a.k.a. Squanto) will travel for five years in Europe and North America before returning to his home in Plymouth Massachusetts. Twenty months later, he will be able to teach the Pilgrims the basics of farming and trade in the New World.
- The Rosicrucian Order is instituted in the Holy Roman Empire according to Fraternitas Rosae Crucis.
- Christianity banned throughout Japan
- January 5 – Archduke Leopold Wilhelm of Austria, Governor of the Spanish Netherlands (d. 1662)
- February 14 – John Wilkins, English bishop, academic and natural philosopher (d. 1672)
- July 10 – Arthur Annesley, 1st Earl of Anglesey, English royalist statesman (d. 1686)
- October 12 – Henry More, English philosopher (d. 1687)
- October 20 – Franciscus Mercurius van Helmont baptized, Flemish alchemist (d. 1698)
- December 16 – Eberhard III, Duke of Württemberg (d. 1674)
- date unknown – Franciscus Sylvius, German scientist (d. 1672)
- April 7 – El Greco, or Domênikos Theotokópoulos (Greek: Δομήνικος Θεοτοκόπουλος), Cretian painter, sculptor and architect (b. 1541)
- June 15 – Henry Howard, 1st Earl of Northampton, English politician (b. 1540)
- July 1 – Isaac Casaubon, French-born classical scholar (b. 1559)
- July 14 – Camillus de Lellis, Italian saint (b. 1550)
- July 15 – Pierre de Bourdeille, seigneur de Brantôme, French historian and biographer
- July 16 – Tsarevich Ivan Dmitriyevich, son of False Dmitriy II
- August 11 – Lavinia Fontana, Italian painter (b. 1552)
- August 21 – Elizabeth Báthory, Hungarian serial killer (b. 1560)
- September – Giovanni de Macque, composer (b. c. 1550)
- unknown date – Bartholomäus Scultetus, mayor of Görlitz (b. 1540)