|Centuries:||16th century – 17th century – 18th century|
|Decades:||1590s 1600s 1610s – 1620s – 1630s 1640s 1650s|
|Years:||1621 1622 1623 – 1624 – 1625 1626 1627|
|1624 by topic:|
|Arts and Science|
|Architecture - Art - Literature - Music - Science|
|Lists of leaders|
|Colonial governors - State leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births - Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments - Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2377|
|English Regnal year||21 Ja. 1 – 22 Ja. 1|
|Chinese calendar||癸亥年 (Water Pig)
4320 or 4260
— to —
甲子年 (Wood Rat)
4321 or 4261
|- Vikram Samvat||1680–1681|
|- Shaka Samvat||1546–1547|
|- Kali Yuga||4725–4726|
|Japanese calendar||Genna 10 / Kan'ei 1
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 10 days|
|Minguo calendar||288 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2166–2167|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1624.|
1624 (MDCXXIV) was a leap year starting on Monday (dominical letter GF) of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Thursday (dominical letter DC) of the Julian calendar, the 1624th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 624th year of the 2nd millennium, the 24th year of the 17th century, and the 5th year of the 1620s decade. Note that the Julian day for 1624 is 10 calendar days difference, which continued to be used from 1582 until the complete conversion of the Gregorian calendar was entirely done in 1929.
- January 14 – After 90 years of Ottoman occupation, the Safavid empire recaptures Baghdad.
- January 24 – Afonso Mendes, appointed by Pope Gregory XV as Prelate of Ethiopia, arrives at Massawa from Goa.
- April 29 - Louis XIII of France appoints Cardinal Richelieu chief minister of the Royal Council.
- May 8 – A Dutch fleet captures Bahia, Brazil from the Spanish.
- 24 May - After years of unprofitable operation, Virginia's charter is revoked and it becomes a royal colony.
- June – The first Dutch settlers arrive in New Netherland; they disembark at Governors Island.
- June 10 – Treaty of Compiègne, signed between France and the Netherlands
- July or August – Portuguese Jesuit priest António de Andrade becomes the first European to enter Tibet.
- August – The Siege of Breda begins, and will continue for 10 months.
- August 5–14 – The King's Men perform Thomas Middleton's satire A Game at Chess at the Globe Theatre, London, until it is suppressed in view of its allusions to the Spanish Match.
- August 13 – Cardinal Richelieu is appointed by Louis XIII of France to be his first minister following the arrest of his predecessor the previous day.
- Early October – Action of October 1624: A Tuscan/Papal/Neapolitan galley fleet defeats the Algerians near Sardinia.
- Martin Luther's German translation of the Bible is publicly burned by order of the Pope.
- The Netherlands establishes a trading colony at Tainan on Taiwan.
- The Virginia Land Company's charter is revoked and Virginia becomes a crown colony.
- The city of Oslo in Norway is destroyed by fire for the fourteenth time; King Christian IV of Denmark–Norway decrees its rebuilding on a new site where it will be renamed Christiania.
- Jakob Bartsch records the constellation Camelopardalis around the North Star.
- The Palace of Versailles is first built by Louis XIII, as a hunting lodge.
- The Japanese Shogun expels the Spanish from the land and severs trade with the Philippines.
- Mail service begins in Denmark.
- The University of Saint Francis Xavier is founded in Bolivia.
- Henry Briggs publishes Arithmetica Logarithmica.
- The French Parliament passes a decree forbidding criticism of Aristotle on pain of death.
- Queen Nzinga of Ndongo and Matamba starts to rule.
- The Latymer School and Latymer Upper School in London are founded by the bequest of Edward Latymer.
- The city of Dunfermline is destroyed by fire, but The Abbey, The Palace, the Abbot House and many other buildings survive.
- Frans Hals produces the painting now known as the Laughing Cavalier.
- January 7 – Guarino Guarini, Italian architect (d. 1683)
- January 9 – Meishō, empress of Japan (d. 1696)
- January 15 – Rombout Verhulst, Dutch sculptor (d. 1698)
- January 16 – Pierre Lambert de la Motte, French bishop (d. 1679)
- January 18 – Thyrsus González de Santalla, Roman Catholic priest (d. 1705)
- January 26 – George William, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (d. 1705)
- January 31 – Arnold Geulincx, Flemish philosopher (d. 1669)
- February 11 – Lambert Doomer, Dutch Golden Age landscape painter (d. 1650)
- February 11 – Ivan Ančić, Croatian theological writer (d. 1685)
- March 12 – Damian Hartard von der Leyen-Hohengeroldseck, Archbishop (d. 1678)
- March 20 – William Jones (deputy governor), English lawyer, became Deputy Governor of Connecticut (d. 1706)
- March 25 – William Pulteney (1624–1691), English Member of Parliament (d. 1691)
- March 31 – Antoine Pagi, French ecclesiastical historian (d. 1699)
- April 4 – François Marie, Prince of Lillebonne, French nobleman and member of the House of Lorraine (d. 1694)
- April 9 – Henrik Rysensteen (d. 1679)
- April 12 – Charles Amadeus, Duke of Nemours (d. 1652)
- April 15 – Pieter Nijs, Dutch Golden Age painter (d. 1681)
- April 20 – Samuel Mearne, English Restoration bookbinder and publisher (d. 1683)
- April 24 – Jan Peeters I, Flemish Baroque painter (d. 1677)
- April 25 – Sir Lionel Tollemache, 3rd Baronet, English Baronet (d. 1669)
- April 26 – Johann Leusden (d. 1699)
- May 23 – William Duckett (MP), English gentleman (d. 1686)
- May 30 – Leopold Frederick, Duke of Württemberg-Montbéliard (d. 1662)
- June 11 – Jean-Baptiste du Hamel, notable French cleric and natural philosopher (d. 1706)
- June 15 – Hiob Ludolf, German orientalist (d. 1704)
- June 16 – William Bradford (Plymouth soldier) (d. 1703)
- June 20 – Henry Albin, English minister (d. 1696)
- June 26 – James Scudamore (died 1668), English politician (d. 1668)
- July – George Fox, English founder of the Quakers (d. 1691)
- July 11 – John Collins (Andover MP), English academic and politician (d. 1711)
- July 18 – Francis Pemberton, English judge, Lord Chief Justice of the King's Bench (d. 1697)
- August 6 – Charles Kerr, 2nd Earl of Ancram, English politician (d. 1690)
- August 11 – John Strode (died 1679), English politician (d. 1679)
- August 22 – Jean Regnault de Segrais, French writer (d. 1701)
- August 23 – Anna Elisabeth of Saxe-Lauenburg, Landgravine consort of Hesse-Homburg (d. 1688)
- August 25 – François de la Chaise, French churchman (d. 1709)
- September 8 – Murad Bakhsh, Mughal prince (d. 1662)
- September 10 – Thomas Sydenham, English physician (d. 1689)
- September 12 – Wingfield Cromwell, 2nd Earl of Ardglass (d. 1668)
- September 15 – Francesco Provenzale, Italian Baroque composer and teacher (d. 1704)
- October 5 – Gaspar de Witte, painter (d. 1681)
- October 20 – Jan Albertsz Rotius (d. 1666)
- October 21 – Edward Harley (Parliamentarian) (d. 1700)
- October 26 – Dosoftei, Moldavian Metropolitan (d. 1693)
- October 30 – Paul Pellisson, French author (d. 1693)
- November 2 – Sir Thomas Myddelton, 1st Baronet, Welsh politician (d. 1663)
- November 3 – Jean II d'Estrées (d. 1707)
- November 16 – Barent Fabritius, Dutch painter (d. 1673)
- November 28 – Angélique de Saint-Jean Arnauld d'Andilly (d. 1684)
- December 17 – Juriaen Jacobsze, Dutch painter (d. 1685)
- December 18 – John Hull (merchant), merchant and mintmaster of the Massachusetts Bay Colony (d. 1683)
- December 25 – Angelus Silesius, German writer (d. 1677)
- Koxinga, Chinese military leader (d. 1662)
- Jane Leade, English esotericist (d. 1704)
- Torii Tadaharu, Japanese nobleman (d. 1651)
- February 12 – George Heriot, Scottish goldsmith and philanthropist (b. 1563)
- February 13 – Stephen Gosson, English satirist (b. 1554)
- February 17 – Juan de Mariana, Spanish historian (b. 1536)
- July – Alonso Fajardo de Entenza, governor of the Philippines
- November 10 – Henry Wriothesley, 3rd Earl of Southampton, English patron of the theater (b. 1573)
- November 17 – Jakob Böhme, German mystic (b. 1575)
- December 5 – Gaspard Bauhin, Swiss botanist (b. 1560)
- December 14 – Charles Howard, 1st Earl of Nottingham, English statesman (b. 1536)
- December 26 – Simon Marius, German astronomer (b. 1573)
- date unknown