This article is about the year 1675.
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1675 (MDCLXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (dominical letter F) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Friday (dominical letter C) of the Julian calendar, the 1675th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 675th year of the 2nd millennium, the 75th year of the 17th century, and the 6th year of the 1670s decade. Note that the Julian day for 1675 is 10 calendar days difference, which continued to be used from 1582 until the complete conversion of the Gregorian calendar was entirely done in 1929.
- January 5 – Franco-Dutch War – Battle of Turckheim: In Turckheim, Alsace, France, the French defeat Austria and Brandenburg.
- January 29 – John Sassamon, an English-educated Native American Christian, dies at Assawampsett Pond, an event which will trigger a year-long war between English American colonists of New England and Algonquian Native American tribes.
- April– – English merchant Anthony de la Roché, blown off course having rounded Cape Horn eastabout, makes the first discovery of land south of the Antarctic Convergence, landing on South Georgia and (probably) Gough Island.
- June 8 – John Sassamon's alleged murderers are executed at Plymouth.
- June 11 – Armed Wampanoags are reported traveling around Swansea, Massachusetts.
- June 14–June 25 – Colonial authorities of Rhode Island, Plymouth, and Massachusetts attempt a negotiation with Metacomet (King Philip), leader of the Wampanoags, and seek guarantees of fidelity from the Nipmuck and Narragansett tribes.
- June 24 – King Philip's War breaks out as the Wampanoags attack Swansea.
- June 26 – Massachusetts troops march to Swansea to join the Plymouth troops.
- June 26–June 29 – Wampanoags assault Rehoboth and Taunton; the natives elude colonial troops and leave Mount Hope for Pocasset, Massachusetts. The Mohegan tribe travels to Boston in order to side with the English colonists against the Wampanoags.
- June 28 – Battle of Fehrbellin: Brandenburg defeats the Swedes.
- January 16 – Louis de Rouvroy, duc de Saint-Simon, French writer (d. 1755)
- January 27 – Erik Benzelius the younger, Swedish priest (d. 1743)
- February 21 – Franz Xaver Josef von Unertl, Bavarian politician (d. 1750)
- February 28 – Guillaume Delisle, French cartographer (d. 1726)
- March 31 – Pope Benedict XIV (d. 1758)
- May 29 – Humphry Ditton, English mathematician (d. 1715)
- June 1 – Francesco Scipione, marchese di Maffei, Italian archaeologist (d. 1755)
- July 5 – Mary Walcott, American accuser at the Salem witch trials
- July 12 – Evaristo Abaco, Italian composer (d. 1742)
- July 14 – Claude Alexandre de Bonneval, French soldier (d. 1747)
- September 2 – William Somervile, English poet (d. 1742)
- September 3 – Paul Dudley, Attorney-General of Massachusetts (d. 1751)
- October 11 – Samuel Clarke, English philosopher (d. 1729)
- October 21 – Emperor Higashiyama of Japan (d. 1710)
- October 24 – Richard Temple, 1st Viscount Cobham, English soldier and politician (d. 1749)
Unknown – William Jones (mathematician), (d. 1749)
- February 9 – Gerhard Douw, Dutch painter (b. 1613)
- March 18 – Arthur Chichester, 1st Earl of Donegall, Irish soldier (b. 1606)
- April 12 – Richard Bennett, British Colonial Governor of Virginia (b. 1609)
- May 18 – Stanisław Lubieniecki, Polish Socinian theologian (b. 1623)
- May 18 – Father Jacques Marquette, French missionary and explorer (b. 1636)
- May 27 – Gaspard Dughet, French painter (b. 1613)
- June 12 – Charles Emmanuel II of Savoy (b. 1634)
- July 27 – Henri de la Tour d'Auvergne, Vicomte de Turenne, Marshal of France (b. 1611)
- July 28 – Bulstrode Whitelocke, English lawyer (b. 1605)
- September 18 – Charles IV, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1604)
- September 23 – Valentin Conrart, founder of the Académie française (b. 1603)
- October 26 – William Sprague, English co-founder of Charlestown, Massachusetts (b. 1609)
- October 27 – Gilles de Roberval, French mathematician (b. 1602)
- November 1 – Guru Tegh Bahadur, 9th Sikh Guru (b. 1621)
- November 28 – Basil Feilding, 2nd Earl of Denbigh, English Civil War soldier
- November 28 – Leonard Hoar, American President of Harvard University (b. 1630)
- November 30 – Cecil Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore, colonial Governor of Maryland (b. 1605)
- December 6 – John Lightfoot, English church goer (b. 1602)
- December 15 – Johannes Vermeer, Dutch painter (b. 1632)
- December 23 – Caesar, duc de Choiseul, French marshal and diplomat (b. 1602)
- ↑ Headland, Robert (1992). The Island of South Georgia (2nd ed.). Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-42474-7.
- ↑ de Seixas y Lovera, Francisco (1690). Descripcion geographica, y derrotero de la region austral Magallanica. Madrid: Antonio de Zafra.
- ↑ Wace, N. M. (1969). "The discovery, exploitation and settlement of the Tristan da Cunha Islands". Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society of Australasia (South Australian Branch). 10: 11–40.