|Centuries:||16th century – 17th century – 18th century|
|Decades:||1650s 1660s 1670s – 1680s – 1690s 1700s 1710s|
|Years:||1677 1678 1679 – 1680 – 1681 1682 1683|
|1680 by topic:|
|Arts and Science|
|Architecture - Art - Literature - Music - Science|
|Lists of leaders|
|Colonial governors - State leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births - Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments - Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2433|
|English Regnal year||31 Cha. 2 – 32 Cha. 2|
|Chinese calendar||己未年 (Earth Goat)
4376 or 4316
— to —
庚申年 (Metal Monkey)
4377 or 4317
|- Vikram Samvat||1736–1737|
|- Shaka Samvat||1602–1603|
|- Kali Yuga||4781–4782|
|Japanese calendar||Enpō 8
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 10 days|
|Minguo calendar||232 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2222–2223|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1680.|
1680 (MDCLXXX) was a leap year starting on Monday (dominical letter GF) of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Thursday (dominical letter DC) of the Julian calendar, the 1680th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 680th year of the 2nd millennium, the 80th year of the 17th century, and the 1st year of the 1680s decade. Note that the Julian day for 1680 is 10 calendar days difference, which continued to be used from 1582 until the complete conversion of the Gregorian calendar was entirely done in 1929.
- February – The Reverend Ralph Davenant dies, leaving £100 in his will to start up a new school for the poor boys of Whitechapel, in the East End.
- May – The volcano Krakatoa erupts, probably on a relatively small scale.
- July 8 – The first documented tornado in America kills a servant at Cambridge, Massachusetts.
- August 21 – Pueblo Revolt: Pueblo Indians capture Santa Fe (New Mexico) from the Spanish.
- August 24 – Comédie-Française is founded by decree of Louis XIV of France as La maison de Molière in Paris.
- November 14 – The Great Comet of 1680 is first sighted.
- November 17 – Whigs organize processions to burn effigies of the pope in London.
- Chambers of Reunion (French courts under Louis XIV) decide on complete annexation of Alsace.
- The first Portuguese governor is appointed to Macau.
- The Riksdag of the Estates in Sweden enacts the Great Reduction, under which fiefs granted to the Swedish nobility are returned to the Crown, and the country becomes an absolute monarchy under King Charles XI.
- The Swedish city of Karlskrona is founded, as the Royal Swedish Navy relocates there.
- January 23 – Joseph Ames, English author (d. 1759)
- February 14 – John Sidney, 6th Earl of Leicester, English privy councillor (d. 1737)
- February 23 – Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville, French colonizer and Governor of Louisiana (d. 1767)
- April 9 – Philippe Néricault Destouches, French dramatist (d. 1754)
- April 23 – Anna Canalis di Cumiana – morganatic spouse of Victor Amadeus II of Savoy (d. 1769)
- June 22 – Ebenezer Erskine, Scottish religious dissenter (d. 1754)
- September 22 – Barthold Heinrich Brockes, German poet (d. 1747)
- October 19 – John Abernethy, Irish Protestant minister (d. 1740)
- November 22 – Edward Teach (Blackbeard), pirate (d. 1718)
- date unknown – John Machin, English mathematician (d. 1752)
- February – Reverend Ralph Davenant, founder of Davenant Foundation School
- February 17
- February 22 – Catherine Monvoisin, French sorceress (b. c. 1607)
- March 14 – René Le Bossu, French critic (b. 1631)
- March 17 – François de La Rochefoucauld, French writer (b. 1613)
- March 23 – Nicolas Fouquet, French statesman (b. 1615)
- April 3 – Chhatrapati Shivaji Bhosale, founder of the Maratha Empire (b. 1630)
- April 29 – Nicolas Cotoner, 61st Grandmaster of the Knights Hospitaller (b.1608)
- May 31 – Joachim Neander, German Calvinist clergyman (b. 1650)
- June 18 – Samuel Butler, English poet (b. 1612)
- June 10
- July 26 – John Wilmot, 2nd Earl of Rochester, English poet (b. 1647)
- July 30 – Thomas Butler, Earl of Ossory, Irish naval commander (b. 1634)
- August 20 – William Bedloe, English informer (b. 1650)
- August 22 – John George II, Elector of Saxony (b. 1613)
- August 24 – Thomas Blood, thief of the English Crown Jewels (b. 1618)
- August 25 – Simeon of Polotsk, Belarusian churchman and poet (b. 1629)
- September 2 – Per Brahe (the younger), Swedish soldier and statesman (b. 1602)
- September 9 – Henry Marten, English regicide (b. 1602)
- September 10 – Baldassare Ferri, Italian castrato (b. 1610)
- September 11
- October 4 – Pierre Paul Riquet, French engineer and canal builder (b. c. 1640)
- October 16 – Raimondo Montecuccoli, Italian general (b. 1609)
- October 30 – Antoinette Bourignon, Flemish mystic (b. 1616)
- November 27 – Athanasius Kircher, German Jesuit scholar (b. 1602)
- November 28
- December 4 – Thomas Bartholin, Danish physician, mathematician, and theologian (b. 1616)
- December 8 – Henry Pierrepont, 1st Marquess of Dorchester, English politician (b. 1606)
- December 10 – Marco Uccellini, Italian composer and violinist (b. 1603 or 1610)