This article is about the year 1692.
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1692 (MDCXCII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (dominical letter FE) of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Friday (dominical letter CB) of the Julian calendar, the 1692nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 692nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 92nd year of the 17th century, and the 3rd year of the 1690s decade. Note that the Julian day for 1692 is 10 calendar days difference, which continued to be used from 1582 until the complete conversion of the Gregorian calendar was entirely done in 1929.
- February 13 – Massacre of Glencoe: The forces of Robert Campbell slaughter 38 members of the Clan MacDonald of Glencoe for allegedly refusing to sign an oath of allegiance to King William III of England.
- March 1 – The Salem witch trials begin in Salem Village, Massachusetts Bay Colony, with the charging of 3 women with witchcraft.
- March 22 – The Kangxi Emperor of the Qing Dynasty issues the Edict of Toleration recognizing all the Roman Catholic Church, not just the Jesuits, and legalizing missions and their conversion of Chinese people.
- June 1–June 3 – The Battle of La Hougue is the decisive naval battle in the Nine Years' War, ending in an Anglo-Dutch victory.
- June 7 – Jamaica earthquake: An earthquake and related tsunami destroy Port Royal, capital of Jamaica, and submerge a major part of it – an estimated 2,000 are immediately killed, 2,300 injured, and a probable additional 2,000 die from the diseases which ravage the island in the following months.
- June 8 – During a famine in Mexico City, an angry mob torches the Viceroy's palace and ignites the archives: most of the documents and some paintings are saved by royal geographer Carlos de Sigüenza y Góngora.
- June 10 – Salem witch trial investigations and convictions lead to several months of hangings. By the end of September, 14 women including Bridget Bishop and 5 men had been hanged. On September 19, another man, Giles Corey, is pressed to death in an attempt to coerce a plea from him to the accusation of witchcraft.
- February 25 – Karl Ludwig, Freiherr von Pöllnitz, German adventurer and writer (d. 1775)
- February 29 – John Byrom, English poet (d. 1763)
- April 5 – Adrienne Lecouvreur, French actress (d. 1730)
- April 8 – Giuseppe Tartini, Italian composer and violinist (d. 1770)
- April 22 – James Stirling, Scottish mathematician (d. 1770)
- May 18 – Joseph Butler, English bishop and philosopher (d. 1752)
- August 3 – John Henley, English minister (d. 1759)
- August 18 – Louis Henri, Duc de Bourbon, Prime Minister of France (d. 1740)
- October 25 – Elizabeth Farnese, queen of Philip V of Spain (d. 1766)
- November 2 – Unico Wilhelm van Wassenaer, Dutch composer (d. 1766)
- November 6 – Louis Racine, French poet (d. 1763)
- November 15 – Eusebius Amort, German Catholic theologian (d. 1775)
- November 21 – Carlo Innocenzio Maria Frugoni, Italian poet (d. 1768)
- May 9 – Albrecht of Saxe-Weissenfels, German prince (b. 1659)
- May 18 – Elias Ashmole, English antiquarian (b. 1617)
- June 7 – Pierre Bailloquet, Jesuit missionary to the Canadian Indians (b. 1612)
- July 19 – Rebecca Nurse, accused witch (b. 1621)
- July 23 – Gilles Ménage, French scholar (b. 1613)
- August 3 – James Douglas, Earl of Angus, Scottish nobleman and soldier (b. 1671)
- August 4 – Jean-Michel-d'Astorg Aubarede, Vicar Capitular of Pamiers (b. 1639)
- September 19 – Giles Corey, American farmer and accused wizard (b. c. 1612)
- November 6 – Gédéon Tallemant des Réaux, French writer (b. 1619)
- November 19 – Thomas Shadwell, English poet and playwright (b. c. 1642)
- December 9 – William Mountfort, English actor and dramatist (b. c. 1664)
- December 18 – Veit Ludwig von Seckendorff, German statesman (b. 1626)