|Centuries:||17th century – 18th century – 19th century|
|Decades:||1710s 1720s 1730s – 1740s – 1750s 1760s 1770s|
|Years:||1743 1744 1745 – 1746 – 1747 1748 1749|
|1746 by topic:|
|Arts and Sciences|
|Archaeology – Architecture – Art – Literature (Poetry) – Music – Science|
|Canada –Denmark – France – Great Britain – Ireland – Norway – Scotland –Sweden –|
|Lists of leaders|
|Colonial governors – State leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2499|
|British Regnal year||19 Geo. 2 – 20 Geo. 2|
|Chinese calendar||乙丑年 (Wood Ox)
4442 or 4382
— to —
丙寅年 (Fire Tiger)
4443 or 4383
|- Vikram Samvat||1802–1803|
|- Shaka Samvat||1668–1669|
|- Kali Yuga||4847–4848|
|Japanese calendar||Enkyō 3
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 11 days|
|Minguo calendar||166 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2288–2289|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1746.|
1746 (MDCCXLVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (dominical letter B) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Wednesday (dominical letter E) of the Julian calendar, the 1746th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 746th year of the 2nd millennium, the 46th year of the 18th century, and the 7th year of the 1740s decade. Note that the Julian day for 1746 is 11 calendar days difference, which continued to be used from 1582 until the complete conversion of the Gregorian calendar was entirely done in 1929.
- January 8 – Bonnie Prince Charlie occupies Stirling.
- January 17 – Battle of Falkirk Muir: British Government forces are defeated by Jacobite forces.
- April 16 – The Battle of Culloden, the final pitched battle fought on British soil, brings an end to the Jacobite rising of 1745.
- June – Samuel Johnson is contracted to write his A Dictionary of the English Language.
- June 16 – Battle of Piacenza: Austrian forces defeat French and Spanish troops.
- June 29 – Catherine of Ricci (b. 1522) is canonized.
- August 1 – The wearing of the kilt is banned in Scotland by the Dress Act (Note: the actual effective date of the Dress Act was August 1, 1747, not 1746).
- August 18 – Two of the four rebellious Scottish lords, Earl of Kilmarnock and Lord Balmerinoch, are beheaded in the Tower (Lord Lovat was executed in 1747).
- September 20 – Bonnie Prince Charlie flees to the Isle of Skye from Arisaig, after the unsuccessful Jacobite rising of 1745, marked by the Prince's Cairn on the banks of Loch nan Uamh
- October 22 – The College of New Jersey is founded (it becomes Princeton University in 1896).
- October 28 – An earthquake demolishes Lima and Callao, in Peru.
- Eva Ekeblad reports discovery of how to make flour and alcohol from potatoes to the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.
- The town of Vilkovo (Odes'ka oblast', Ukraine) is founded.
- Royal Colony of North Carolina Governor Gabriel Johnston moves to the province's largest and most prosperous city of New Bern. As a result, New Bern replaces Edenton as the capital of North Carolina (a title it holds until Raleigh is established in 1792).
- Publication of Charles Batteux's Les beaux-arts réduits à un même principe in Paris, putting forward for the first time the idea of "les beaux arts": "the fine arts".
- January 12 – Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi, Swiss pedagogue (d. 1827)
- January 24 – King Gustav III of Sweden (d. 1792)
- February 4 – Tadeusz Kościuszko, Polish general and nationalist (d. 1817)
- February 5 – Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, American politician and soldier (d. 1825)
- March 7 – André Michaux, French botanist (d. 1802)
- March 30 – Francisco Goya, Spanish painter (d. 1828)
- April 4 – John Andrews, American clergyman, Provost of the University of Pennsylvania, considered "America's first scholar" (d. 1813)
- July 3 – Henry Grattan, Irish politician (d. 1820)
- July 16 – Giuseppe Piazzi, Italian astronomer (d. 1826)
- July 23 – Bernardo de Gálvez, Spanish military leader, aided the United States in its quest for independence in the American Revolutionary War (d. 1786)
- September 28 – Sir William Jones, English philologist (d. 1794)
- October 7 – William Billings, American composer (d. 1800)
- November 27 – Robert R. Livingston, American signer of the Declaration of Independence (d. 1813)
- date unknown
- February 28 – Hermann von der Hardt, German historian (b. 1660)
- March 18 – Grand Duchess Anna Leopoldovna of Russia, regent of Russia (b. 1718)
- March 20 – Nicolas de Largillière, French painter (b. 1656)
- May 6 – William Tennent, Scottish-American theologian (b. 1673)
- May 22 – Thomas Southerne, Irish playwright (b. 1660)
- June 14 – Colin Maclaurin, Scottish mathematician (b. 1698)
- July 2 – Thomas Baker, English antiquarian (b. 1656)
- July 9 – King Philip V of Spain (b. 1683)
- July 28 – John Peter Zenger, American printer (b. 1697)
- August 6 – Christian VI, King of Denmark and Norway (b. 1699)
- October 2 – Josiah Burchett, English Secretary of the Admiralty (b. c. 1666)
- November 14 – Georg Wilhelm Steller, German naturalist (b. 1709)
- December 6 – Lady Grizel Baillie, Scottish poet (b. 1665)
- December 8 – Charles Radclyffe, British politician (b. 1693)
- Anton Josef Kirchweger, German writer.