This article is about the year 1867. For the number, see 1867 (number)
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1867 (MDCCCLXVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (dominical letter F) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Sunday (dominical letter A) of the Julian calendar, the 1867th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 867th year of the 2nd millennium, the 67th year of the 19th century, and the 8th year of the 1860s decade. Note that the Julian day for 1867 is 12 calendar days difference, which continued to be used from 1582 until the complete conversion of the Gregorian calendar was entirely done in 1929.
- January 1 – The Covington–Cincinnati Suspension Bridge opens between Cincinnati, Ohio and Covington, Kentucky in the United States, becoming the longest single-span bridge in the world. It will be renamed after its designer, John A. Roebling, in 1983.
- January 8 – African-American men are granted the right to vote in the District of Columbia.
- January 11 – Benito Juárez becomes Mexican president again.
- January 30 – Emperor Kōmei of Japan dies suddenly, age 36, leaving his 14-year-old son to succeed as Emperor Meiji.
- January 31 – Maronite nationalist leader Karam leaves Lebanon aboard a French ship for Algeria.
- February 3 – Shogun Tokugawa Yoshinobu abdicates, and the late Emperor Kōmei's son, Prince Mutsuhito becomes Emperor Meiji of Japan in a brief ceremony in Kyoto, ending the Late Tokugawa shogunate.
- February 7 – West Virginia University is established in Morgantown, West Virginia.
- February 13 – Covering of the Senne in Brussels begins.
- February 15 – First performance of Johann Strauss II's waltz "The Blue Danube" (An der schönen blauen Donau) at a concert of the Vienna Men's Choral Association. Strauss adapts it into its popular purely orchestral version for the International Exposition in Paris later this year.
- February 17 – The first ship passes through the Suez Canal.
- February 19 – Battle of Inlon River in Hubei, China.
- February 28 – After almost 20 years (1848), the United States Congress forbids taxpayer funding of diplomatic envoys to the Holy See (Vatican) and breaks off relations. Funding resumes along with relations in 1984.
- March – The University of Illinois at Urbana/Champaign is established (opened one year later).
- March 1 – Nebraska is admitted as the 37th U.S. state.
- March 5 – Fenian Rising in Ireland.
- March 16 – An article by Joseph Lister, outlining the discovery of antiseptic surgery, is first published in The Lancet.
- March 23 – William III of the Netherlands accepts an offer of 5,000,000 guilders from Napoleon III for the sale of Luxembourg, leading to the Luxembourg Crisis.
- March 29 – The British North America Act receives royal assent, forming the Dominion of Canada in an event known as the Confederation. This unites the Province of Canada (Quebec and Ontario), New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia on July 1. Ottawa becomes the capital, and John A. Macdonald becomes the Dominion's first prime minister.
- March 30 – Alaska is purchased for $7.2 million from Alexander II of Russia, about 2 cent/acre ($4.19/km²), by United States Secretary of State William H. Seward. The news media call this "Seward's Folly".
- July – The Reverend Thomas Baker, a Wesleyan Methodist missionary (b. in Playden, East Sussex, England) is cooked and eaten by Navatusila tribespeople at Nabutautau on Fiji, together with eight of his local followers, the last missionary in that country to suffer cannibalism.
- July 1
- July 9 – Queen's Park F.C., the oldest association football league team in Scotland, is founded.
- July 15 – France declared Cambodia's independence from Siam, Cambodia becomes a protectorate of France.
- July 17 – In Boston, Massachusetts, the Harvard School of Dental Medicine is established as the first dental school in the United States.
- July 18 – The Battle of Fandane-Thiouthioune a religious war between the Serer people and the Muslim Marabouts of Senegambia.
- August 7-September 20 – The first Canadian elections sees John A. Macdonald's Conservatives elected to government
- August 15 – Benjamin Disraeli's Second Reform Act enfranchises many men in cities for the first time and adds 938,000 to an electorate of 1,057,000 in England and Wales.
- September 2 – Emperor Meiji of Japan marries Empress Shōken (née Masako Ichijō). The Empress consort is thereafter known as Lady Haruko.
- September 4 – The Sheffield Wednesday F.C. is founded at the Adelphi Hotel in Sheffield.
- September 14 – The first volume of Das Kapital (later translated into English as Capital) is published by Karl Marx.
- September 15 – The Dynamikos Sheta-Maat Spellbook: A book of the powerful hidden truth, a grimoire by Ciara Sullivan, is published to widespread displeasure.
- September 30 – The United States takes control of Midway Island.
- Pierre Michaux invents the front wheel-driven velocipede, the first mass-produced bicycle.
- Yellow fever kills 3,093 in New Orleans.
- South African diamond fields are discovered.
- The Prohibition National Committee is formed in the United States.
- The Wasps Rugby Football Club is formed in Middlesex, England.
- At Fountain Point, Michigan, an artesian water spring begins to gush continuously.
- 1867–1873 – Chinese, Scandinavian and Irish immigrants lay 30,000 miles (48,000 km) of railroad tracks in the USA.
- Clarke School for the Deaf in Western Massachusetts opens its doors for the first time, becoming the first school for the deaf in the United States to teach its children how to communicate using the "oral method".
- The modern rose is born, with the introduction of Rosa 'La France' by Jean-Baptiste Guillot (1803–1882).
- Gorse is naturalised in New Zealand, where it soon becomes the worst invasive weed.
- January 1 – Lew Fields, American vaudeville performer (d. 1941)
- January 6 – Takejirō Tokonami, Japanese politician, Home Minister, Railway Minister, and Minister of Communication (d. 1935)
- January 8 – Emily Greene Balch, American writer and pacifist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1961)
- January 17 – Carl Laemmle, German-born film executive (d. 1939)
- January 18 – Rubén Darío, Nicaraguan poet (d. 1916)
- January 20 – Yvette Guilbert, French singer and actress (d. 1944)
- January 21
- January 29 – Carl L. Boeckmann, Norwegian-American artist (d. 1923)
- February 3 – Charles Henry Turner, African American entomologist (d. 1923)
- February 7 – Laura Elizabeth Wilder, née Ingalls, American children's author (d. 1957)
- February 8 – William Michael Crose, United States Navy Commander and the seventh Naval Governor of American Samoa (d. 1929)
- February 21 – Otto Hermann Kahn, German-born millionaire and philanthropist (d. 1934)
- February 27
- March 4 – Charles Pelot Summerall, American general (d. 1955)
- March 6 – Samuel Cody, aviation pioneer, (d. 1913)
- March 19 – Sakichi Toyoda, Japanese inventor and industrialist (d. 1930)
- March 25 – Arturo Toscanini, Italian conductor (d. 1957)
- March 29 – Cy Young, baseball player (d. 1955)
- April 2 – Eugen Sandow, German-born body builder and circus performer (d. 1925)
- April 7 – Holger Pedersen, Danish linguist (d. 1953)
- April 9 – Chris Watson, third Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1941)
- April 10 – George William Russell, Irish nationalist, poet and artist (d. 1935)
- April 11 – Mark Keppel, Superintendent of Los Angeles County Schools (d. 1928)
- April 13 – Sammy Woods, English cricketer (d. 1931)
- April 16
- April 23 – Johannes Andreas Grib Fibiger, Danish scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1928)
- May 3 – J. T. Hearne, English cricketer (d. 1944)
- May 7 – Władysław Reymont, Polish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1925)
- May 14 – Kurt Eisner, German politician and publicist (d. 1919)
- May 26 – Mary of Teck (d. 1953)
- June 2 – William Goodenough, British admiral (d. 1945)
- June 4 – Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim, President of Finland (d. 1951)
- June 8 – Frank Lloyd Wright, American architect (d. 1959)
- June 14 – Joseph John Englehart, American Northwest Frontier painter (d. 1915)
- June 17 – Flora Finch, British-American silent film comedienne (d. 1940)
- June 24 – J. Gordon Edwards, American film director (d. 1925)
- June 28 – Luigi Pirandello, Italian writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1936)
- June 30
- July 8 – Käthe Kollwitz, German artist (d. 1945)
- July 10 – Prince Maximilian of Baden, Chancellor of Germany (d. 1929)
- July 25 – Alexander Rummler, American painter (d. 1959)
- July 27 – Enrique Granados, Spanish composer (d. 1916)
- July 28 – Charles Dillon Perrine, American-born astronomer (d. 1951)
- July 31 – S.S. Kresge, American businessman and founder of Kmart (d. 1966)
- August 3 – Stanley Baldwin, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1947)
- August 9
- August 11 – Hobart Bosworth, American film actor, director, writer, and producer (d. 1943)
- August 12 – Edith Hamilton, German-born educator and author (d. 1963)
- August 14 – John Galsworthy, English writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1933)
- August 22 – Maximilian Bircher-Benner, Swiss physician and nutritionist (d. 1939)
- September 5 – Amy Beach American pianist and composer (d. 1944)
- January 14 – Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres, French painter (b. 1780)
- January 30 – Emperor Kōmei,121st Emperor of Japan (b. 1831)
- March 8 – Artemus Ward, American humorist (b. 1834) (tuberculosis)
- March 25 – Friedlieb Ferdinand Runge, German chemist (b. 1795)
- April 1 – Louis du Couret, French explorer, writer and military officer (b. 1812)
- April 12 – David Canabarro, Gaúcho rebel revolutionary (b. 1796)
- April 27 – Benjamin Hall, 1st Baron Llanover, after whom Big Ben may be named (b. 1802)
- May 12 – Friedrich Wilhelm Eduard Gerhard, German archaeologist (b. 1795)
- May 23 – William Crawshay II, industrialist (b. 1788)
- June 19 – Emperor Maximilian I of Mexico (executed) (b. 1832)
- July 26 – Otto of Greece, the first modern King of Greece (b. 1815)
- July 31 – Benoît Fourneyron, French engineer and inventor of the turbine (b. 1802)
- August 8 – Maria Theresa of Austria, the second Queen consort of Ferdinand II of the Two Sicilies (b. 1816)
- August 25 – Michael Faraday, English chemist and physicist (b. 1791)
- August 31 – Charles Baudelaire, French writer (b. 1821)
- September 10 – Simon Sechter, Austrian music teacher (b. 1788)
- September 26 – James Ferguson, Scotland-born American astronomer (b. 1797)
- October 9 – Ignacy Feliks Dobrzyński, composer (b. 1807)
- October 23 – Franz Bopp, German linguist (b. 1791)
- October 25 – Abuna Salama III, metropolitan of the Ethiopian Church
- October 31 – William Parsons, 3rd Earl of Rosse, Irish astronomer (b. 1800)
- November 19 – Ren Zhu, Chinese leader of the Nian Rebellion (b. 1830?)
- December 1 – Filaret, Metropolitan of Moscow, Russian Orthodox leader (b. 1782)
- December 10 – Sakamoto Ryōma, Japanese samurai, politician, and businessman (b. 1836)
- December 26 – József Kossics, Catholic priest, writer, and ethnologist (b. 1788)
- December 30 – Sarah Booth, English actress (b. 1793)
- ↑ Demey, Thierry (1990). Bruxelles, chronique d’une capitale en chantier. 1. Brussels: Paul Legrain/C.F.C.-Editions.
- ↑ Moody, T. W.; Martin, F. X., ed. (1967). The Course of Irish History. Cork: Mercier Press. p. 370.
- ↑ "Alfred Nobel", Encyclopædia Britannica
- ↑ Schück, H.; Sohlman, R. (1929). The Life of Alfred Nobel. London: Heinemann. p. 101.
- ↑ "Constitution Act, 1867". Department of Justice (Canada). 2012-07-09. Retrieved 2012-08-14.
- ↑ Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 287–288. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- ↑ Hessayon, D. G. The Rose Expert. Mohn Media Mohndrunk. p. 9.
- ↑ "La France: Hybrid Tea Rose". Archived from the original on 2009-09-21. Retrieved 2009-09-19.
- ↑ "A Biography of Scott Joplin". The Scott Joplin International Ragtime Foundation. Archived from the original on 24 February 2007. Retrieved 25 February 2007.