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Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries: 18th century19th century20th century
Decades: 1840s  1850s  1860s  – 1870s –  1880s  1890s  1900s
Years: 1872 1873 187418751876 1877 1878
1875 in topic:
By country
AustraliaBrazil - CanadaDenmark - FranceGermanyMexicoNorway - Philippines - PortugalRussia - South AfricaSpain - Sweden - United KingdomUnited States
Other topics
Rail TransportScienceSports
Lists of leaders
Colonial GovernorsState leaders
Birth and death categories
Establishments and disestablishments categories
Works category
1875 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1875
Ab urbe condita 2628
Armenian calendar 1324
Assyrian calendar 6625
Bahá'í calendar 31–32
Bengali calendar 1282
Berber calendar 2825
British Regnal year 38 Vict. 1 – 39 Vict. 1
Buddhist calendar 2419
Burmese calendar 1237
Byzantine calendar 7383–7384
Chinese calendar 甲戌(Wood Dog)
4571 or 4511
    — to —
乙亥年 (Wood Pig)
4572 or 4512
Coptic calendar 1591–1592
Discordian calendar 3041
Ethiopian calendar 1867–1868
Hebrew calendar 5635–5636
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1931–1932
 - Shaka Samvat 1797–1798
 - Kali Yuga 4976–4977
Holocene calendar 11875
Igbo calendar 875–876
Iranian calendar 1253–1254
Islamic calendar 1291–1292
Japanese calendar Meiji 8
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 12 days
Korean calendar 4208
Minguo calendar 37 before ROC
Thai solar calendar 2417–2418

1875 (MDCCCLXXV) was a common year starting on Friday (dominical letter C) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Wednesday (dominical letter E) of the Julian calendar, the 1875th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 875th year of the 2nd millennium, the 75th year of the 19th century, and the 6th year of the 1870s decade. Note that the Julian day for 1875 is 12 calendar days difference, which continued to be used from 1582 until the complete conversion of the Gregorian calendar was entirely done in 1929.

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  • Summer – Third Carlist War in Spain: Two government armies under General Quesada and Martínez Campos start encroaching on Carlist territory. Both they and their Carlist opponent (Mendiri) drive opposing sympathisers from their homes and burn crops in areas they can not hold. Several Carlist generals (Dorregaray, Savalls, and others) are unjustly put on trial for disloyalty. Mendiri is also removed from his command, and is replaced by the Count of Caserta. Despite having 48 infantry battalions, three cavalry regiments, two engineer battalions, and 100 pieces of artillery at his disposal, Caserta is heavily outnumbered by the government forces opposing him.
  • July 1General Postal Union established.
  • July 1July 7Battle of Treviño (Third Carlist War in Spain) at Treviño – Advancing on the key city of Vitoria, in Navarre, the Spanish Republican commander General Jenardo de Quesada sends General Tello to attack the Carlist lines just to the southwest at Treviño. The newly appointed Carlist commander General José Pérula is heavily defeated and withdraws and soon afterwards Quesada enters Vitoria in triumph.
  • July 24 – The legendary Mohican Base Ball Club was established in Kennett Square, PA.
  • August 6Hibernian F.C. founded by Irishmen in the Cowgate area of Edinburgh, Scotland.[2]
  • August 25 – Captain Matthew Webb becomes the first person to swim the English Channel.
  • September 1 – A murder conviction effectively forces the violent Irish anti-owner coal miners, the "Molly Maguires", to disband.
  • September 7 – Battle of Agurdat: An Egyptian invasion of Ethiopia fails when Emperor Yohannes IV defeats an army led by Werner Munzinger.
  • September – English Association football team Birmingham City F.C. is founded as Small Heath Alliance in Birmingham by a group of cricketers from Holy Trinity Church, Bordesley, playing its first match in November.[3]


Date unknown








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  4. This inspires Gerard Manley Hopkins' poem The Wreck of the Deutschland, not published until 1918.
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  6. History of Medicine Days, p. 132.