1899 in the United States
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|1899 in the United States|
|Years:||1896 1897 1898 – 1899 – 1900 1901 1902|
45 stars (1896–1908)
Events from the year 1899 in the United States.
- President: William McKinley (R-Ohio)
- Vice President: Garret Hobart (R-New Jersey) (until November 21), vacant (starting November 21)
- Chief Justice: Melville Fuller (originally from Illinois)
- Speaker of the House of Representatives: Thomas Brackett Reed (R-Maine) (until March 4), David B. Henderson (R-Iowa) (starting December 4)
- Congress: 55th (until March 4), 56th (starting March 4)
- January 1 – Queens and Staten Island merge with New York City.
- January 10 – The Tau Kappa Epsilon Fraternity is founded at Illinois Wesleyan University in Bloomington, Illinois.
- January 17 – The United States takes possession of Wake Island.
- February 4 – The Philippine–American War begins as hostilities break out in Manila.
- February 6 – Spanish–American War: A peace treaty between the United States and Spain is ratified by the United States Senate.
- February 12–14 – Great Blizzard of 1899: Freezing temperatures and snow extend well south into North America, including southern Florida. It is the latest in a series of disasters to Florida's citrus industry.
- February 14 – Voting machines are approved by the U.S. Congress for use in federal elections.
- March 2 – In Washington State, USA, Mount Rainier National Park is established.
- March 24 – George Dewey is made Admiral of the US Navy.
- April 15 – Students at the University of California, Berkeley steal the Stanford Axe from Stanford University yell leaders following a baseball game, thus establishing the Axe as a symbol of the rivalry between the schools.
- May 31 – The launch of the Harriman Alaska Expedition.
- June 12 – A tornado completely destroys the town of New Richmond, Wisconsin, killing 117 and injuring more than 200.
- June 25 – Three Denver, Colorado newspapers publish a story (later proved to be a fabrication) that the Chinese government under the Guangxu Emperor is going to demolish the Great Wall of China.
- June 30 – Mile-a-Minute Murphy earns his famous nickname this day, after he becomes the first man to ride a bicycle for one mile in under a minute on Long Island.
- July 17 – America's first juvenile court is established in Chicago.
- July 19 – The Newsboys Strike takes place when the Newsies of New York go on strike (strike lasts until August 2).
- July 30 – The Harriman Alaska Expedition ends successfully.
- August 3 – The John Marshall Law School is founded in Chicago, Illinois.
- August 10 – Marshall "Major" Taylor wins the world 1-mile professional cycling championship in Montreal, securing his place as the first African American world champion in any sport.
- August 17 – A hurricane makes landfall in North Carolina's Outer Banks, completely destroying the town of Diamond City.
- September 6 – Open Door Policy is a term in foreign affairs initially used to refer to the United States policy established in the late 19th century and the early 20th century, as enunciated in Secretary of State John Hay's Open Door Note,
- September 14 – Henry H. Bliss becomes the first motor vehicle accident fatality in the US. On disembarking from a streetcar in New York City, an electric-powered taxicab strikes and crushes him and he dies from his injuries next morning.
- October 30 – The Augusta High School Building is completed in Augusta, Kentucky; Augusta Methodist College shuts down.
- November 4 – The Alpha Sigma Tau Sorority is founded in Ypsilanti, Michigan.
- November 8 – The Bronx Zoo opens in New York City.
- December 2 – Philippine–American War – Battle of Tirad Pass: ("The Filipino Thermopylae") General Gregorio del Pilar and his troops are able to guard the retreat of Philippine President Emilio Aguinaldo before being wiped out.
- The North Carolina General Assembly incorporates the town of Manteo, which was originally laid out as the Dare county seat in 1870.
- Gold is discovered in Nome, Alaska.
- Public Archives Commission established.
- Gay Nineties (1890–1899)
- Progressive Era (1890s–1920s)
- Lochner era (c. 1897–c. 1937)
- Philippine–American War (1899–1902)
- January 9 – John A. Danaher, U.S. Senator from Connecticut 1939–1945 (died 1990).
- January 17 – Al Capone, gangster and crime boss (died 1947).
- February 22
- February 27 – Charles H. Best, medical scientist (died 1978 in Canada).
- April 28 – Mary Loveless, née Hewitt, immunologist (died 1991).
- April 29 – Duke Ellington, jazz musician and composer (died 1974).
- May 10 – Fred Astaire, né Austerlitz, dancer and singer (died 1987).
- May 15 – Leonard B. Jordan, U.S. Senator from Idaho 1962–1973 (died 1983).
- July 7
- July 17 – James Cagney, film actor (died 1986).
- July 21
- July 23 – Carl G. Fenner, botanist (died 1991).
- September 9 – Neil Hamilton, actor (died 1984).
- November 22 – Hoagy Carmichael, composer and singer (died 1981).
- December 20 – John Sparkman, U.S. Senator from Alabama 1946–1979 (died 1985).
- December 25 – Humphrey Bogart, film actor (died 1957).
- January 26 – Augustus Hill Garland, U.S. Senator from Arkansas 1885–1889 (born 1832).
- March 18 – Othniel Charles Marsh, paleontologist (born 1831).
- March 19 – Patrick Walsh, Irish-born U.S. Senator from Georgia 1894–1895 (born 1840).
- April 10 – Horace Tabor, U.S. Senator from Colorado in 1883 (born 1830).
- April 24 – Richard J. Oglesby, U.S. Senator from Illinois 1873–1878 (born 1824).
- June 7 – Augustin Daly, dramatist and theater manager (born 1838).
- July 18 – Horatio Alger, Jr., Unitarian minister and author (born 1832).
- August 22 &ndsah; Caspar Buberl, Bohemian-born sculptor (born 1834).
- September 9 – James B. Eustis, U.S. Senator from Louisiana 1876–1879 and 1885–1891 (born 1834).
- September 12 – Cornelius Vanderbilt II, businessman (born 1843).
- October 5 – James Harlan, U.S. Senator from Iowa 1865–1866 (born 1820).
- October 18 – Gussie Davis, African American songwriter (born 1863).
- October 28 – Ottmar Mergenthaler, German-born inventor (born 1854).
- November 25 – Robert Lowry, Baptist minister and hymn writer (born 1826).
- December 22 – Dwight L. Moody, preacher and publisher (born 1837).
- "Professional Information". The Major Taylor Society. Retrieved 2012-01-23.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "Milestones of the U.S. Archival Profession and the National Archives, 1800-2011". U.S. National Archives and Records Administration. Retrieved May 2015. Check date values in:
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