1900 Stanford football team

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1900 Stanford football
100px
Conference Independent
1900 record 7–2
Head coach Fielding H. Yost
Captain William Wesley Burnett
Seasons
« 1899 1901 »

The 1900 Stanford Cardinal football team represented Stanford University in the 1900 college football season. In their first and only season under head coach Fielding H. Yost, the team compiled a 7–2 record, shut out seven of nine opponents, scored 154 points (17.1 points per game), and allowed 20 points (2.2 points per game) by opponents.[1] The team registered three shutouts against the Reliance Club, two shutouts against California State Normal School, now known as San Jose State University, and single game shutouts against Oregon and California. The team's two losses came against Nevada (0–6) and a Stanford alumni team (0–14) that featured coach Yost playing at the fullback position.

Stanford's final game of the season against California, played on Thanksgiving Day in San Francisco, drew the largest crowd to that date to watch a sporting event west of the Mississippi River. An overflow crowd watched from the roof of an adjacent factory. The weight of the spectators caused the roof to collapse, plunging a large group, primarily boys and young men, to the concrete floor and active furnaces of the factory. In all, 22 died and more than 70 were injured.

Schedule

Date Opponent Site Result
September 29 Reliance Club Stanford FieldStanford, CA W 6–0  
October 10 at State Normal Cyclers' Park • San Jose, CA (Rivalry) W 35–0  
October 13 vs. Reliance Club 16th Street Grounds • San Francisco, CA W 6–0  
October 20 State Normal Stanford Field • Stanford, CA (Rivalry) W 24–0  
October 26 Stanford Alumni Stanford Field • Stanford, CA L 0–14  
November 3 Reliance Club Stanford Field • Stanford, CA W 44–0  
November 10 Oregon Stanford Field • Stanford, CA W 34–0  
November 17 Nevada Stanford Field • Stanford, CA L 0–6  
November 29 vs. California 16th Street Grounds • San Francisco, CA (Big Game) W 5–0  

Season summary

Pre-season

The 1899 Stanford football team compiled a disappointing 2–5–2 record in their first and last year under head coach Burr Chamberlain.[2] In December 1899, William Wesley "Babe" Burnett, a 26-year-old tackle and law student from Adelaide, California, was unanimously elected as the captain of the 1900 Stanford team.[3]

On March 1, 1900, after a bidding war with Missouri, Stanford hired Fielding H. Yost as its football coach.[4] Yost had led the 1899 Kansas team to an undefeated 10–0 record.[5] The San Francisco Call reported at the time of Yost's hiring: "Yost seems to be a favorite wherever he goes, and his success lies in his ability to develop magnificent team work."[4] However, some Stanford players, including team captain Burnett, initially objected to Yost's hiring on grounds that he came from a small college (Lafayette College) and was "not known to the leaders of college football in the East."[6][7]

In July 1900, Stanford football administrator J. Burt Gildersleeve traveled east to inspect the football training facilities at Harvard, Yale, Princeton, and Penn. While in the east, he also met with coach Yost in Pittsburgh. Upon his return, Gildersleeve expressed confidence in the choice of Yost: "He impressed me as being a man of strong personality and wonderful magnetism, and he certainly knows the game from start to finish. . . . I am confident that he will be a success, and I think we were fortunate in securing his services against the higher bid of Missouri."[8]

In early August 1900, Frank Slaker announced his intention to transfer to Stanford from the University of Chicago to study mining engineering.[9] Slater had been a second-team All-American and first-team All-Western player on Amos Alonzo Stagg's Chicago Maroons football teams.[10][11]

On August 21, 1900, Yost arrived at Stanford. Upon his arrival, Yost expressed confidence that he could turn out a team that would defeat rival California. The San Francisco Chronicle reported that Yost impressed those he met as a "thorough gentleman" who "looks every inch an athlete."[12] Upon arriving, Yost commenced supervising the development of the team's new football field.[13]

Game 1: Reliance

On September 29, 1900, Stanford opened its 1900 football season with a 6-0 victory over the Reliance Club. Stanford threatened to score reportedly but registered the game's only touchdown late in the second half. The touchdown was scored by a guard named Seeley who was pushed over the goal line by his teammates. The game included the first appearance for Stanford by fullback Frank Slaker. The San Francisco Call reported that Slaker "showed remarkable speed in line-plunging, but was too fast for his support."[14] Stanford's lineup against Reliance was as follows: Thompson and Allen (left end); Traeger (left tackle); DeForest (left guard); Lee (center); Seeley (right guard); Burnett (right tackle); Cooper (right end); Hill (left halfback); Fisher (right halfback); Raitt (quarterback); and Slaker (fullback).[15]

Game 2: at California State Normal

On October 10, 1900, Stanford defeated the team from the team from the California State Normal School by a 35-0 score. The game was played at Cycler's Park in San Jose, California. Stanford's left halfback Geissler scored two touchdowns on long end runs. Additional touchdowns were scored by quarterback Raitt and left tackle Traeger, who returned a fumble for a score. Stanford led 23-0 at halftime. Hill replaced Geissler at left halfback in the second half and scored two touchdowns. Willie Heston, who later played for Yost at Michigan, was the starting left halfback for the State Normal team.[16] Stanford's lineup in the game was as follows: Allen and Luck (left end); Traeger (left tackle); DeForest (left guard); Lee (center); Seeley (right guard); Burnett (right tackle); Cooper and McFadden (right end); Raitt and Erb (quarterback); Geissler and Hill (left halfback); Smith (right halfback); and Slaker (fullback).[16]

Game 3: vs. Reliance

On October 13, 1900, Stanford played its second game against the Reliance Club, this time at the 16th Street Grounds in San Francisco before a crowd estimated at between 500 and 600 spectators. Stanford again won by a 6-0 score. After a scoreless first half, "Coach Yost hurried his cardinal squad up the field and gave each player new advice on how to act in the second half." In all Stanford ran with the ball 81 times, gaining 320 yards. Slaker scored the only touchdown. Stanford's lineup for its second game against Reliance was as follows: Allen (left end); Traeger (left tackle); DeForest (left guard); Lee (center); Seeley (right guard); Burnett (right tackle); Cooper (right end); Raitt (quarterback); Geissler (left halfback); Fisher (right halfback); Slaker (fullback).[17]

Game 4: California State Normal

On October 20, 1900, Stanford played its second game against the California State Normal School, this time at Stanford Field. After a scoreless first half, Stanford scored 24 points in the second half and won by a 24-0 score. Despite the score, the San Francisco Chronicle reported that Stanford's "formations were slow and ineffective and every main in the team lacked life." The Chronicle also praised the performance of the State Normal School's left halfback Willie Heston: "The right side of the cardinal line was especially weak, Heston plunging through it as he pleased." Stanford coach Yost was not present at the game, opting instead to travel to Berkeley to watch the University of California team play against the Reliance Club.[18] Stanford's lineup against the State Normal team was as follows: Cooper (right end); Burnett (right tackle); Seeley (right guard); Lee (center); Emerson (left guard); Traeger (left tackle); McFadden (left end); Raitt (quarterback); Fisher (right halfback); Hill (left halfback); and Slaker (fullback).[18]

Game 5: Stanford Alumni

On October 26, 1900, Stanford was defeated by a team made up of Stanford alumni. The game, played at Stanford Field, ended in a 13–0 in favor of the alumni. Adding to the defeat, Stanford's starting right halfback, Ralph Fisher, sustained a broken collarbone in the game. Stanford's 29-year-old coach Yost played at the fullback position for the alumni team and was, with other alumni backs, reportedly "all over and around the varsity." The alumni led 2-0 at halftime. Yost kicked a goal after touchdown in the second half. The lineup against the alumni was as follows: Cooper (right end); Burnett (right tackle); Seeley (right guard); Lee (center); DeForest (left guard); Traeger (left tackle); Allen (left end); Erb (quarterback); Fisher (right halfback); Geissler (left halfback); Hill and Slaker (fullback).[19]

Game 6: Reliance

On November 3, 1900, Stanford played the Reliance Club for the third time in one season. While the first two games had been close, Stanford won the third game by a 44-0 score at Stanford Field. Stanford scored on six touchdowns, four goals after touchdown, and two field goals (by Traeger). Stanford captain Burnett left the game with a leg injury. The University of California team watched the game from the bleachers. Stanford led 16-0 at halftime. Stanford's lineup for its third game against Reliance was as follows: McFadden (left end); Traeger (left tackle); Bentley and Emerson (left guard); McFadden and Gregory (center); Seeley (right guard); Lee and Burnett (right tackle); Cooper and Luck (right end); Raitt (quarterback); Allen (left halfback); Smith and Erb (right halfback); and Hill (fullback).[20]

Game 7: Oregon

On November 10, 1900, Stanford defeated Oregon by a 34-0 score at Stanford Field. The San Francisco Chronicle described Erb's 70-yard touchdown run as "the best sprint seen on a Coast gridiron" since 1898. The Chronicle praised the performance of the Stanford team as a whole: "The Oregonians were completely smothered by the Cardinal interference. Stanford played throughout the game with a rare snap and dash."[21] Stanford's lineup against Oregon was as follows: McFadden-Caglieri (left end); Traeger (left tackle); Emerson-DeForest (left guard); McFadden-Lee (center); Seeley (right guard); Bentley-Burnett (right tackle); Luck-Cooper (right end); Raitt (quarterback); Erb (left halfback); Allen-Erb (right halfback); and Hill (fullback).[21]

Game 8: Nevada

On November 17, 1900, Stanford lost to Nevada by a 6 to 0 score at Stanford Field. The San Francisco Call compared the upset to "a bolt of lightning out of a clear sky." Stanford's lineup against Nevada was as follows: Cooper and Luck (right end); Burnett and Nutter (right tackle); Seeley (right guard); Lee, McFadden and Gregory (center); Nutter and Emerson (left guard); Traeger (left tackle); McFadden (left end); Erb and Bausback (quarterback); Geissler and Allen (right halfback); Hill and Erb (left halfback); and Slaker (fullback).[22]

Game 9: California

File:Stanford backs 1900.png
Stanford center and backs preparing for the California game in 1900

On Thanksgiving Day, November 29, 1900, Stanford played the 10th edition of its annual rivalry game with California at the 16th Street Grounds in San Francisco. Stanford won 5–0 on a field goal by left tackle Traeger. Stanford's lineup against California was McFadden (left end), Traeger (left tackle), DeForest (left guard), Lee and McFadden (center), Seeley (right guard), Burnett (right tackle), Cooper (right end), Raitt and Bansbach (quarterback), Hill (left halfback), Erb and Smith (right halfback), and Slaker (fullback).[23] Stanford quarterback Charles Raitt was severely injured when he received a blow to the head in the second half; more than 10 days after the game, he was still unable to go outside.[24]

The game is most notable due to a horrific accident that occurred among the spectators. The Thanksgiving Day game had become a popular event for several years running. In 1900, the game was played at the 16th Street Grounds in the midst of an industrial area of San Francisco. 19,000 spectators filled the stands, the largest crowd to witness a sporting event west of the Mississippi River.[25] Many spectators chose not to pay the $1 admission and instead observed the game from the roof of the San Francisco and Pacific Glass Works across the street from the stands. During the game, the weight of hundreds of spectators caused the roof to collapse, plunging a large group of primarily boys and young men to the concrete floor and active furnaces of the glass factory. In all, 22 died and more than 70 were injured, some seriously.[25][26][27][28] The "Thanksgiving Day Disaster" remains the deadliest accident ever at a U.S. sporting event.[25]

Note regarding Multnomah

Some sources, including the College Football Data Warehouse, erroneously list a tenth football game played by Stanford on December 25, 1900, in Portland, Oregon, against a team from the Multnomah Athletic Club. However, that game was actually played by Stanford's "second team" without participation by any of the players on Stanford's 1900 varsity team. Contemporaneous news sources clearly indicate the game was played by Stanford's "second team", not by Stanford's varsity football team. Also,the Stanford yearbook does not include the Multnomah game in its record of the varsity football games for 1900, which are limited to the nine games above. The lineup for Stanford's "second eleven" against Multnomah was as follows: Montague (right end); Pratt (right tackle and captain); Kirkley (right guard); Harmer (center); Edmonston (left guard); Rusk (left tackle); Stansberry (left end); Kerrigan (quarterback); Hamilton (right halfback); Downs (left halfback); Davey (fullback).[29]

Post-season

At the end of the 1900 football season, Stanford passed a rule requiring all coaches to be alumni. The decision left coach Yost without a job. Yost was hired by Michigan, and his first recruit was Willie Heston from the California State Normal School in San Jose. Stanford freshman George W. Gregory also followed Yost to Michigan.[30][31][32]

Charles Fickert replaced Yost as Stanford's football coach and led the team to a 3–2–2 during the 1901 season. Yost led the 1901 Michigan team to an 11–0 record, outscoring their opponents by the unprecedented total of 550 to 0. Michigan and Stanford met in the 1901 Rose Bowl, the first post-season bowl game. Michigan won by a 49–0 score.

Players

The members of Stanford's 1900 varsity football team were as follows:[33]

Starters

  • Louis Philip Bansbach - quarterback
  • William Wesley Burnett - captain and right tackle (9 games)
  • Kenneth Farra Cooper - right end (9 games)
  • Joseph Guthrie DeForest - left guard (6 games)
  • William Maurice Erb - right halfback and quarterback (6 games)
  • Harrison Wesley Hill - left halfback (8 games)
  • Howard Shields Lee - center (9 games)
  • Ralph Johh McFadden - center (4 games)
  • Thomas L. McFadden - left end (6 games)
  • Charles B. Raitt - quarterback (7 games)
  • Carrol C. Seeley - right guard (9 games)
  • Frank L. Slaker - fullback (7 games)
  • Edward Augustus Smith, Jr. - right halfback (3 games)
  • William I. Traeger - left tackle (9 games)

Substitutes

  • Charles Partridge Allen, Jr.
  • James Andrew Bentley
  • G. I. Emerson
  • Arthur D. Geissler
  • Ottmar Henry Luck
  • Edward Hoit Nutter
  • J. N. Stanford
  • Robert A. Thompson

Coaches and administrators

References

  1. "Stanford Yearly Results (1900-1904)". College Football Data Warehouse. David DeLassus. Retrieved August 13, 2015. 
  2. "Stanford Football Media Guide" (PDF). p. 142. Retrieved October 19, 2011. 
  3. "Burnett the Captain: The Popular Tackle Chosen to Lead the Varsity Next Season". The Daily Palo Alto. December 15, 1899. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 "New Coach for Stanford". The San Francisco Call. March 2, 1900. p. 9 – via Newspapers.com.  open access publication - free to read
  5. "Kansas Yearly Results (1895–1899)". College Football Data Warehouse. David DeLassus. Retrieved August 10, 2015. 
  6. "Gildersleeve Criticized: Stanford Men Object to the Appointment of Yost as Coach". The San Francisco Call. March 6, 1900. p. 4 – via Newspapers.com.  open access publication - free to read
  7. "Satisfied With Yost". The San Francisco Call. March 8, 1900. p. 5 – via Newspapers.com.  open access publication - free to read
  8. "Believes Yost To Be a Winner". San Francisco Chronicle. July 29, 1900. p. 9 – via Newspapers.com.  open access publication - free to read
  9. "A Famous Chicago Football Player To Wear The Cardinal". San Francisco Chronicle. August 7, 1900. p. 4 – via Newspapers.com.  open access publication - free to read
  10. "Sport of the Amateur on Field and Water". Collier's Weekly. 24 (15): 20. January 13, 1900 – via Google books.  open access publication - free to read (1899 All-American)
  11. Walter Camp (ed.). Spalding's Official Foot Ball Guide 1899. American Sports Publishing Company. p. 55. (1898 All-Western)
  12. "Stanford's Football Coach Has Arrived". San Francisco Chronicle. August 22, 1900. p. 4 – via Newspapers.com.  open access publication - free to read
  13. "Coach Yost at Stanford". The San Francisco Call. August 22, 1900. p. 2 – via Newspapers.com.  open access publication - free to read
  14. "Stanford Wins From Reliance: Fullback Slaker Proves a Tower of Strength to the Cardinal". The San Francisco Call. September 30, 1900. p. 32 – via Newspapers.com.  open access publication - free to read
  15. "Stanford Men The Winners: Reliance Defeated by a Score of Six to Nothing; Seeley's Work the Best of the Day". San Francisco Chronicle. September 30, 1900. p. 12 – via Newspapers.com.  open access publication - free to read
  16. 16.0 16.1 "Stanford's Varsity Plays Fast Football: The San Jose Normal School Eleven Beaten by a Score of Thirty-Five to Nothing Yesterday". The San Francisco Call. October 12, 1900. p. 4 – via Newspapers.com.  open access publication - free to read
  17. "Stanford Defeats Reliance Once More on the Gridiron". San Francisco Chronicle. October 14, 1900. p. 10 – via Newspapers.com.  open access publication - free to read
  18. 18.0 18.1 "Poor Work By Stanford Team: The University Men Put Up Ragged Football on Their Own Campus". San Francisco Chronicle. October 21, 1900. p. 10 – via Newspapers.com.  open access publication - free to read
  19. "Defeated By The Alumni: Stanford Varsity Eleven Unable to Score a Single Point". San Francisco Chronicle. October 27, 1900. p. 4 – via Newspapers.com.  open access publication - free to read
  20. "Reliance Men Overwhelmed: Stanford Makes Forty-Four Points to the Club Team's Zero; Traeger Scores Two Place-Kick Field Goals". San Francisco Chronicle. November 4, 1900. p. 9 – via Newspapers.com.  open access publication - free to read
  21. 21.0 21.1 "Webfooters Up Against Weight: The Stanford Varsity Too Strong for the Oregonians". San Francisco Chronicle. November 11, 1900. p. 10 – via Newspapers.com.  open access publication - free to read
  22. "Nevada Players Shut Out and Score Against Stanford". The San Francisco Call. November 18, 1900. p. 24 – via Newspapers.com.  open access publication - free to read
  23. "Story of the Game". The San Francisco Call. November 30, 1900. p. 10 – via Newspapers.com.  open access publication - free to read
  24. "Charles Raitt Is Improving". The San Bernardo County Sun. December 7, 1900. p. 1 – via Newspapers.com. 
  25. 25.0 25.1 25.2 Eskanazi, Joe (August 15, 2012). "Sudden Death: Boys Fell to Their Doom in S.F.'s Forgotten Disaster". San Francisco Weekly. Retrieved June 23, 2014. 
  26. "Spectators Fell Into Molten Glass: Thirteen Dead, One Hundred Injured by Collapse of a Roof Overlooking the Stanford-Berkeley Game at San Francisco". The (Spokane) Spokesman-Review. November 30, 1900. Retrieved June 23, 2014. 
  27. "Death Reaps a Dread Harvest of Lives and Plunges City into Gloom". The San Francisco Call. November 30, 1900. Retrieved June 23, 2014. 
  28. "Twenty Score Persons Make Awful Plunge: Seventeen People Meet Most Awful Death: Two San Jose Men Die Amid Sizzling Shrieking Human Mass in Collapsed Factory at Big Game". The (San Jose) Evening News. November 30, 1900. Retrieved June 23, 2014. 
  29. "Football Game Ends in a Tie: Neither the Stanford Second Eleven Nor Multnomah Club Able To Score; Muddy Field Makes Long Runs Impossible". San Francisco Chronicle. December 26, 1900. p. 8 – via Newspapers.com.  open access publication - free to read
  30. "Gregory Gives Jordan the Lie". Spokane Daily Chronicle. January 2, 1908. 
  31. "Emphatic: Gregory Gives Lie to Jordan: Denies Charge of Having Received Big Money; Says Stanford's President Talks Trash and Calls Upon Him to Produce Facts Instead of Rumors – Asserts Stanford Brought Greater Pressure Than Michigan". Los Angeles Times (AP story). January 4, 1908. 
  32. "Is No "Tramp Athlete": Gregory Says He Was Not Offered $1,500 To Enter Michigan". The Sun, Baltimore, Md. January 5, 1908. 
  33. The list of Stanford's starters and substitutes is from the Stanford yearbook (Quad) for 1902, covering the 1900 football season, at page 178. Given names taken from other portions of the same yearbook.