1929 Tour de France
|File:Tour de France 1929.png|
|Route of the 1929 Tour de France
Followed counterclockwise, starting in Paris
|Dates||30 June–28 July 1929|
|Distance||5,286 km (3,285 mi)|
|Winning time||186h 39' 16"|
|Winner||Maurice De Waele (Belgium)||(Alcyon)|
|Second||Giuseppe Pancera (Italy)||(La Rafale)|
|Third||Jef Demuysere (Belgium)||(Lucifer)|
Victor Fontan, overall leader and wearer of the yellow jersey, crashed in the Pyrenees during stage 10, breaking the forks to his bicycle. At that time, a rule stated that a rider must finish a stage with the bike he started it with. Fontan went house to house, looking for a bike to borrow. He eventually found one and rode 145 km to the finish line, with his broken bike strapped to his back. At the end of the day Fontan quit the race in tears. The rule was removed for the 1930 Tour de France.
The Tour was won by Belgian Maurice De Waele, although he was sick during the race. The Tour organisation was not content with the outcome of the race, because the strongest team Alycon had been able to deliver the winner even though he was sick, so they changed the rules after the 1929 Tour de France, and for the next years there were no sponsored teams but only national or regional teams.
Changes from the 1928 Tour de France
In 1928, many stages were in the team-time-trial format, where the teams started separately. The Tour organisation had invented this rule to make the flat stages more competitive, but it had the effect that the public stopped following the race. Therefore, in 1929 the most stages were run in the normal format, except for stages 12, 19 and 20, the stages that were expected to be raced slower than 30 km/h.
The entire podium in 1928 was occupied by members from the Alcyon cycling team. The tour organisation wanted the Tour to be an individual race, so in 1929 the teams were officially not there, and riders started in the A-category (professional cyclists) or as touriste-routiers (semi-professional or amateur).
In 1928, cyclist could be helped when they had a flat tire; in 1929 this rule was reversed, and cyclists had to fix their flat tires by themselves.
In the first stages, the cyclists remained close to each other. Aimé Dossche won the first stage, and kept the lead for the next two stages. In the fourth stage, Maurice Dewaele and Louis De Lannoy escaped from the bunch. De Lannoy won the stage, while Dewaele took over the lead in the general classification.
In the seventh stage, Dewaele had two flat tires, and was not in the first group. Three man from that first group now shared the lead. There was no rule for this situation, so all three cyclists were given the yellow jersey in the next stage. In stage eight, this situation was solved, as Gaston Rebry took over the lead.
In the ninth stage, the first mountain stage, Lucien Buysse, the winner of the 1926 Tour de France and now racing as a touriste-routier, took the lead early in the race, and mounted the Aubisque first. In the descent, Dewaele and Victor Fontan caught him. Dewaele then punctured and lost eight minutes. Fontan was caught by the Spaniard Salvador Cardona, but his second place in the stage gave him the lead in the general classification. In the tenth stage, after only seven kilometers Fontan broke his fork. Some sources say he hit a dog, others say he fell in a gutter. He is said to have knocked on every door of a small town before he found a replacement bicycle. According to the rules, he had to finish the race with the bicycle he started with, so he strapped the broken bicycle to his back, and rode for 145 through the Pyrénées with a broken bicycle on his back, before he finally gave up.
After that tenth stage, Maurice Dewaele was leading the general classification. One hour before the start of the fifteenth stage, he collapsed. The Alcyon team asked for the stage to be started one hour later, which was granted. Dewaele was literally dragged on his bicycle, and his team mates rode shoulder-to-shoulder to prevent opponents from attacking. At the end of the stage, his team mates had helped him so much that he had lost only 13 minutes to the winner, finishing in 11th place. In the sixteenth stage, Dewaele became better, and only Charles Pélissier could win time on him.
After the race was over, Jef Demuysere received 25 minutes penalty time in the general classification because he had taken drinks where this was not allowed. This moved him from the second place in the general classification to the third place.
In stages 12, 19 and 20, the cyclists started in teams. The cyclist who reached the finish fastest was the winner of the stage. In the other stages all cyclists started together. The time that each cyclist required to finish the stage was recorded. For the general classification, these times were added up; the cyclist with the least accumulated time was the race leader, identified by the yellow jersey.
|Stage||Date||Route||Terrain[Notes 1]||Length||Winner||Race leader|
|1||30 June||Paris – Caen||Plain stage||206 km (128 mi)||Aimé Dossche (BEL)||Aimé Dossche (BEL)|
|2||1 July||Caen – Cherbourg||Plain stage||140 km (87 mi)||André Leducq (FRA)||Aimé Dossche (BEL)|
|3||2 July||Cherbourg – Dinan||Plain stage||199 km (124 mi)||Omer Taverne (BEL)||Aimé Dossche (BEL)|
|4||3 July||Dinan – Brest||Plain stage||206 km (128 mi)||Louis Delannoy (BEL)||Maurice Dewaele (BEL)|
|5||4 July||Brest – Vannes||Plain stage||208 km (129 mi)||Gustaaf van Slembrouck (BEL)||Maurice Dewaele (BEL)|
|6||5 July||Vannes – Les Sables d'Olonne||Plain stage||206 km (128 mi)||Paul Le Drogo (FRA)||Maurice Dewaele (BEL)|
|7||6 July||Les Sables d'Olonne – Bordeaux||Plain stage||285 km (177 mi)||Nicolas Frantz (LUX)|| Nicolas Frantz (LUX)
André Leducq (FRA)
Victor Fontan (FRA)[Notes 2]
|8||7 July||Bordeaux – Bayonne||Plain stage||182 km (113 mi)||Julien Moineau (FRA)||Gaston Rebry (BEL)|
|9||9 July||Bayonne – Luchon||Stage with mountain(s)||363 km (226 mi)||Salvador Cardona (ESP)||Victor Fontan (FRA)|
|10||11 July||Luchon – Perpignan||Stage with mountain(s)||323 km (201 mi)||Jef Demuysere (BEL)||Maurice Dewaele (BEL)|
|11||13 July||Perpignan – Marseille||Plain stage||366 km (227 mi)||André Leducq (FRA)||Maurice Dewaele (BEL)|
|12||15 July||Marseille – Cannes||Team time trial||191 km (119 mi)||Marcel Bidot (FRA)||Maurice Dewaele (BEL)|
|13||16 July||Cannes – Nice||Stage with mountain(s)||133 km (83 mi)||Benoît Fauré (FRA)||Maurice Dewaele (BEL)|
|14||18 July||Nice – Grenoble||Stage with mountain(s)||333 km (207 mi)||Gaston Rebry (BEL)||Maurice Dewaele (BEL)|
|15||20 July||Grenoble – Evian||Stage with mountain(s)||329 km (204 mi)||Julien Vervaecke (BEL)||Maurice Dewaele (BEL)|
|16||22 July||Evian – Belfort||Stage with mountain(s)||283 km (176 mi)||Charles Pélissier (FRA)||Maurice Dewaele (BEL)|
|17||23 July||Belfort – Strasbourg||Plain stage||145 km (90 mi)||André Leducq (FRA)||Maurice Dewaele (BEL)|
|18||24 July||Strasbourg – Metz||Plain stage||165 km (103 mi)||André Leducq (FRA)||Maurice Dewaele (BEL)|
|19||25 July||Metz – Charleville||Team time trial||159 km (99 mi)||Bernard van Rysselberghe (BEL)||Maurice Dewaele (BEL)|
|20||26 July||Charleville – Malo-les-Bains||Team time trial||270 km (170 mi)||Maurice Dewaele (BEL)||Maurice Dewaele (BEL)|
|21||27 July||Malo-les-Bains – Dieppe||Plain stage||234 km (145 mi)||André Leducq (FRA)||Maurice Dewaele (BEL)|
|22||28 July||Dieppe – Paris||Plain stage||332 km (206 mi)||Nicolas Frantz (LUX)||Maurice Dewaele (BEL)|
During the 1929 Tour de France, the cyclists did not race in trade teams, but still the cyclists of the same team cooperated.
|1||Maurice De Waele (BEL)||Alcyon||186h 39' 15"|
|2||Giuseppe Pancera (ITA)||La Rafale||44' 23"|
|3||Joseph Demuysere (BEL)||Lucifer||57' 10"|
|4||Salvador Cardona (ESP)||Fontan–Wolber||57' 46"|
|5||Nicolas Frantz (LUX)||Alcyon||58' 00"|
|6||Louis Delannoy (BEL)||La Française||+1h 06' 09"|
|7||Antonin Magne (FRA)||Alleluia–Wolber||+1h 08' 00"|
|8||Julien Vervaecke (BEL)||Alcyon||+2h 01' 37"|
|9||Pierre Magne (FRA)||Alleluia–Wolber||+2h 03' 00"|
|10||Gaston Rebry (BEL)||Alcyon||+2h 17' 49"|
|Final general classification (11–60)|
|11||André Leducq (FRA)||Alcyon||+2h 24' 51"|
|12||Frans Bonduel (BEL)||Dilecta-Wolber||+2h 52' 35"|
|13||Désiré Louesse (BEL)||Fontan–Wolber||+2h 52' 57"|
|14||Bernard Van Rysselberghe (BEL)||Dilecta-Wolber||+3h 06' 23"|
|15||Benoit Faure (FRA)||Touriste-Routier||+3h 33' 29"|
|16||Marcel Bidot (FRA)||La Française||+3h 40' 49"|
|17||Armand Van Bruaene (BEL)||De Dion Bouton-Wolber||+4h 11' 54"|
|18||Charles Govaert (BEL)||Elvish-Wolber||+4h 14' 24"|
|19||Francis Bouillet (FRA)||Lucifer||+5h 07' 51"|
|20||Ernest Neuhard (FRA)||De Dion Bouton-Wolber||+5h 45' 12"|
|21||Omer Taverne (BEL)||Touriste-Routier||+5h 49' 39"|
|22||Léon Chene (FRA)||Alleluia–Wolber||+6h 00' 07"|
|23||Jules Merviel (FRA)||La Rafale||+6h 05' 02"|
|24||Mario Pomposi (ITA)||Dilecta-Wolber||+6h 14' 09"|
|25||Georges Laloup (FRA)||Touriste-Routier||+6h 30' 50"|
|26||Settimo Innocenti (ITA)||La Rafale||+6h 43' 53"|
|27||Julien Perrain (FRA)||Elvish-Wolber||+8h 31' 45"|
|28||Charles Pélissier (FRA)||J.B. Louvet-Wolber||+8h 54' 03"|
|29||Georges Berton (FRA)||Touriste-Routier||+8h 55' 50"|
|30||Roger Gregoire (FRA)||Lucifer||+9h 50' 15"|
|31||Hector Denis (FRA)||Touriste-Routier||+10h 26' 25"|
|32||Charles Martinet (SUI)||Touriste-Routier||+10h 33' 00"|
|33||Auguste Encrine (FRA)||Touriste-Routier||+11h 32' 17"|
|34||Albert Jordens (BEL)||Touriste-Routier||+11h 35' 10"|
|35||Adrien Plautin (FRA)||Touriste-Routier||+11h 36' 51"|
|36||Jean Preuss (FRA)||Touriste-Routier||+12h 13' 56"|
|37||Guerrino Canova (ITA)||Touriste-Routier||+12h 22' 38"|
|38||François Moreels (FRA)||Touriste-Routier||+12h 38' 15"|
|39||Henri Touzard (FRA)||Touriste-Routier||+12h 41' 44"|
|40||Roger Lebas (FRA)||Touriste-Routier||+13h 08' 33"|
|41||Marcel Mazeyrat (FRA)||Touriste-Routier||+13h 27' 23"|
|42||Leopold Boisselle (FRA)||Touriste-Routier||+13h 49' 49"|
|43||Guy Bariffi (SUI)||Touriste-Routier||+14h 07' 34"|
|44||Paul Delbart (FRA)||Touriste-Routier||+15h 06' 16"|
|45||Henri Thomas (FRA)||Touriste-Routier||+16h 27' 38"|
|46||Robert Recordon (SUI)||Touriste-Routier||+16h 36' 50"|
|47||Eugène Greau (FRA)||Touriste-Routier||+16h 49' 47"|
|48||Edouard Teisseire (FRA)||Touriste-Routier||+17h 09' 50"|
|49||Battista Berardi (FRA)||Touriste-Routier||+19h 14' 16"|
|50||Georges Petit (FRA)||Touriste-Routier||+19h 57' 59"|
|51||Eugen Werner (SUI)||Touriste-Routier||+21h 20' 17"|
|52||Marcel Masson (FRA)||Touriste-Routier||+21h 52' 55"|
|53||Henri Prevost (FRA)||Touriste-Routier||+22h 14' 52"|
|54||Marcel Gendrin (FRA)||Touriste-Routier||+22h 24' 53"|
|55||François Ondet (FRA)||Touriste-Routier||+22h 30' 00"|
|56||Charles Cottalorda (FRA)||Touriste-Routier||+23h 06' 13"|
|57||Emile Faillu (FRA)||Touriste-Routier||+24h 50' 41"|
|58||Paul Denis (FRA)||Touriste-Routier||+25h 17' 57"|
|59||Marcel Ilpide (FRA)||Touriste-Routier||+26h 08' 50"|
|60||André Leger (FRA)||Touriste-Routier||+31h 37' 55"|
After Victor Fontan had to give up in the tenth stage because of mechanical problems while he was leading the race, journalist Louis Delblat wrote that the rules should be changed, because a Tour should not be lost because of mechanical problems. Eventually the rule changed, but only after Tour director Henri Desgrange retired.
The team-time-trial format, which had been introduced to equalize power between the teams, had completely failed. It was removed for the 1930 Tour de France. Between 1935 and 1937, the concept was seen back, and returned again in 1954.
Henri Desgrange was angry at the outcome of the race. The strongest trade team decided who the winner was, while Desgrange wanted the strongest individual to win. Immediately after the 1929 Tour de France, he announced that he would drastically change the rules for the 1930 Tour de France. He removed the trade teams completely, and replaced them by national teams.
The winner of the race, Dewaele, would never reach his level of 1929 again. In 1931 he ended his Tour de France career with a fifth place.
- The stages 12, 19 and 20, indicated by the clock icon, were run as team time trials. The other stages, indicated by the other icons, were run individually, and the icons indicate whether the stage included mountains.
- After the 7th stage, Frantz, Leducq and Fontan lead the general classification with exactly the same time. There was no rule in this situation to determine who was the leader, so all three were considered leaders.
- Augendre, Jacques (2009). "Guide Historique, Part 6" (PDF) (in French). Amaury Sport Organisation. Retrieved 2 October 2009. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- McGann, Bill; Mcgann, Carol (2006). The Story of the Tour De France Volume 1:1903-1964. Dog Ear Publishing. pp. 91–93. ISBN 1-59858-180-5. Retrieved 30 September 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "The Tour - Year 1929". Amaury Sport Organisation. Retrieved 30 September 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "23ème Tour de France 1929" (in French). Memoire du cyclisme. Archived from the original on 2009-09-27. Retrieved 25 September 2009. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Tom James (15 August 2003). "1929: A "moribund" winner". Retrieved 29 September 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "1929: Maurice Dewaele wint na verschrikkelijke martelgang" (in Dutch). Tourdefrance.nl. 19 March 2003. Retrieved 30 September 2009. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Barry Boyce (2004). "The Victory of a Moribund". Cycling revealed. Retrieved 30 September 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Arian Zwegers. "Tour de France GC Top Ten". CVCC. Archived from the original on 2009-09-27. Retrieved 25 September 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Augendre, Jacques (2009). "Guide Historique, Part 2" (PDF) (in French). Amaury Sport Organisation. Retrieved 15 January 2010. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Michiel van Lonkhuyzen. "Tour-giro-vuelta". Archived from the original on 2009-09-26. Retrieved 25 September 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Guérin, Robert (1 August 1929). "Le Tour de France est mort! Vive le Tour de France!" (PDF). l'Ouest-Eclair (in French). Retrieved 18 August 2010. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "1929: Maurice Dewaele" (in Dutch). tourdefrance.nl. 12 May 2003. Retrieved 30 September 2009. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
Media related to 1929 Tour de France at Wikimedia Commons