1932

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This article is about the year 1932.
1932
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December
Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries: 19th century20th century21st century
Decades: 1900s  1910s  1920s  – 1930s –  1940s  1950s  1960s
Years: 1929 1930 193119321933 1934 1935
1932 by topic:
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Birth and death categories
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1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (dominical letter CB) of the Gregorian calendar, the 1932nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 932nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 32nd year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1930s decade.

Events

January

Main article: January 1932

February

Main article: February 1932

March

Main article: March 1932

April

Main article: April 1932

May

Main article: May 1932

June

Main article: June 1932

July

Main article: July 1932

August

Main article: August 1932
  • August – A farmers' revolt begins in the Midwestern United States.
  • August 1
  • August 2 – The first positron is discovered by Carl D. Anderson.
  • August 5 – Hitler meets with Schleicher and reneges on the "gentlemen's agreement", demanding that he be appointed Chancellor.[7] Schleicher agrees to support Hitler as Chancellor provided that he can remain minister of defense.[8] Schleicher sets up a meeting between Hindenburg and Hitler on for the 13 August to discuss Hitler's possible appointment as chancellor.
  • August 6 – The first Venice Film Festival is held.
  • August 6 – In Germany the first worldwide Autobahn opened by Konrad Adenauer: Bundesautobahn 555.
  • August 6Carl Gustaf Ekman resigns as Prime Minister of Sweden, and is replaced by his Minister of Finance Felix Hamrin.
  • August 7 – Raymond Edward Welch becomes the first one legged man to scale the 6,288 ft. Mount Washington in New Hampshire.
  • August 9
    • The Papen government in Germany, which likes to take a tough "law and order" stance, passes via Article 48 a law proscribing the death penalty for a variety of offenses and with the court system simplified so that the courts can hand down as many death sentences as possible.[9]
    • The Potempa Murder case: In the German town of Potempa, five Nazi "Brownshirts" break into the house of Konrad Pietrzuch, a Communist miner, and proceed to castrate and beat him to death in front of his mother.[10] The case attracts much media attention in Germany. The murderers were released from jail after Adolf Hitler became Chancellor of Germany.[11]
  • August 10 – A 5.1 kg chondrite-type meteorite breaks fragments and strikes earth near the town of Archie, Missouri.
  • August 11 – To celebrate Constitution Day in Germany, Chancellor Franz von Papen and his interior minister Baron Wilhelm von Gayl present proposed amendments to the Weimar constitution for a "New State" to deal with the problems besetting Germany.[12]
  • August 13 – Hitler meets President von Hindenburg and asks to be appointed as Chancellor.[13] Hindenburg refuses under the grounds that Hitler is not qualified to be Chancellor and asks him instead to serve as Vice-Chancellor in Papen's government.[12] Hitler announces his "all or nothing" strategy in which he will oppose any government not headed by himself and will accept no office other than Chancellor.
  • August 18Auguste Piccard reaches an altitude of 16,197 m (53,140 ft) with a hot air balloon.
  • August 1819 – Scottish aviator Jim Mollison becomes the first pilot to make an East-to-West solo transatlantic flight, from Portmarnock, Dublin, Ireland to Pennfield, New Brunswick, Canada, in his de Havilland Puss Moth biplane The Heart's Content.[14]
  • August 20 – The Ottawa conference ends with the adoption of Imperial Preference tariff, turning the British Empire into one economic zone with a series of tariffs meant to exclude non-empire states from competing within the markets of Britain; the Dominions; and the rest of the empire.
  • August 22 – The five SA men involved in the torture and murder of Konrad Pietrzuch are quickly convicted and sentenced to death under an emergency law introduced by the Papen government on 8 August.[9] The Potempa case becomes a cause célèbre in Germany with the Nazis demonstrating for amnesty for the "Potempa five" under the grounds they were justified in killing the Communist Pietrzuch. Hitler sends a telegram congratulating the "Potempa five".[9] Many Germans argue that the "Potempa five" are patriotic heroes who should not be executed while others maintain the death sentences are appropriate given the brutality of the torture and murder.
  • August 23 – The Panama Civil Aviation Authority is established.
  • August 30Hermann Göring is elected as Speaker of the German Reichstag.
  • August 31 – A total solar eclipse is visible from northern Canada through northeastern Vermont, New Hampshire, southwestern Maine and the Capes of Massachusetts.

September

Main article: September 1932

October

Main article: October 1932

November

Main article: November 1932
The Cipher Bureau breaks the German Enigma cipher and overcomes the ever-growing structural and operating complexities of the evolving Enigma with plugboard, the main German cipher device during World War II.

December

Main article: December 1932
  • December 1 – Germany returns to the World Disarmament Conference after the others powers agree to accept gleichberechtigung [clarification needed] "in principle". Henceforward, it is clear that Germany will be allowed to rearm beyond the limits imposed by the Treaty of Versailles.
  • December 3 – Hindenburg names Kurt von Schleicher as German chancellor after he ousts Papen. Papen is deeply angry about how his former friend Schleicher has brought him down and decides that he will do anything to get back into power.
  • December 4 – Chancellor Schleicher meets with Gregor Strasser and offers to appoint him Vice-Chancellor and Reich Commissioner for Prussia out of the hope that if faced with a split in the NSDAP, Hitler will support his government.[16]
  • December 5 – At a secret meeting of the Nazi leaders, Strasser urges Hitler to drop his "all or nothing" strategy and accept Schleicher's offer to have the Nazis serve in his cabinet.[17] Hitler gives a dramatic speech saying that Schleicher's offer is not acceptable and he will stick to his "all or nothing" strategy whatever the consequences might be and wins the Nazi leadership over to his viewpoint.[17]
  • December 8Gregor Strasser resigns as the chief of the NSDAP's organizational department in protest against Hitler's "all or nothing" strategy.[18]
  • December 12 – Japan and the Soviet Union reform their diplomatic connections.
  • December 19BBC World Service begins broadcasting as the BBC Empire Service.
  • December 23 – A coal mine in Moweaqua, Illinois, kills 54.
  • December 24 – A methane gas explosion causes the Moweaqua Coal Mine Disaster which claims 54 lives.
  • December 25
  • December 27
  • December 28 – The Cologne banker Kurt von Schröder-who is a close friend of Papen and a NSDAP member-meets with Adolf Hitler to tell him that Papen wants to set up a meeting to discuss how they can work together. Papen wants Nazi support to return to the Chancellorship while Hitler wants Papen to convince Hindenburg to appoint him Chancellor. Hitler agrees to meet Papen on 3 January 1933.

Date unknown

Births

January

February

John Williams, 2006

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

Date unknown

Deaths

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

Date unknown

Nobel Prizes

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Feuchtwanger, Edgar (1993). From Weimar to Hitler. Basingstoke: Macmillan. pp. 270–9. ISBN 0333274660. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 Kershaw, Sir Ian. Hitler Hubris, New York: Norton, 1998, p. 366.
  3. Wheeler-Bennett, John. The Nemesis of Power, London: Macmillan, 1967, p. 250.
  4. Wheeler-Bennett, John. The Nemesis of Power, London: Macmillan, 1967, p. 253.
  5. Kershaw, Sir Ian. Hitler Hubris, New York: Norton, 1998, pp. 368-69.
  6. "Mars – the chocolate planet". Slough History Online. Retrieved 2010-02-08. 
  7. Wheeler-Bennett, John. The Nemesis of Power, London: Macmillan, 1967, p. 257.
  8. Kershaw, Sir Ian. Hitler Hubris, New York: Norton, 1998, p. 371.
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 Kershaw, Sir Ian. Hitler Hubris, New York: Norton, 1998, p. 382.
  10. Kershaw, Ian. Hitler: 1889-1936: Hubris, New York: Norton, 1998, p. 381; ISBN 0-393-04671-0
  11. Burleigh, Michael The Third Reich: A New History New York: Hill & Wang, 2000. p. 159; ISBN 0-8090-9325-1
  12. 12.0 12.1 Kershaw, Sir Ian. Hitler Hubris, New York: Norton, 1998, p. 372.
  13. Kershaw, Sir Ian. Hitler Hubris, New York: Norton, 1998, p. 373.
  14. "Mollison's Atlantic Flight". Flight. 24 (35): 795–8. 1932-08-26. Retrieved 2012-08-21. 
  15. "New York City Transit - History and Chronology". Metropolitan Transportation Authority (New York). 2009. Retrieved 2012-01-03. 
  16. Turner, Henry Ashby. Hitler's Thirty Days to Power, New York: Addison-Wesley, 1996, p. 25.
  17. 17.0 17.1 Turner, Henry Ashby. Hitler's Thirty Days to Power, New York: Addison-Wesley, 1996, p. 26.
  18. Turner, Henry Ashby. Hitler's Thirty Days to Power, New York: Addison-Wesley, 1996, pp. 27-28.
  19. Lesch, J. E. (2007). "Prontosil". The First Miracle Drugs: How the Sulfa Drugs Transformed Medicine. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 51–61. ISBN 978-0-19-518775-5. 
  20. 1959 Encyclopedia Americana.
  21. US unemployment statistics, historyhome.co.uk; accessed December 10, 2014.

External links