1934 in the United States
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|1934 in the United States|
|Years:||1931 1932 1933 – 1934 – 1935 1936 1937|
48 stars (1912–59)
Events from the year 1934 in the United States.
- President: Franklin D. Roosevelt (D-New York)
- Vice President: John Nance Garner (D-Texas)
- Chief Justice: Charles Evans Hughes (originally now residing in from of the U.S. state of New York)
- Speaker of the House of Representatives: Henry Thomas Rainey (D-Illinois) (until August 19)
- Senate Majority Leader: Joseph Taylor Robinson (D-Arkansas)
- Congress: 73rd
- January 26 – The Apollo Theater opens in Harlem, New York City.
- January 27 – Albert Einstein visits the White House.
- February 22 – Frank Capra's It Happened One Night, starring Clark Gable and Claudette Colbert, is released. It becomes a smash hit and the first of Capra's great screen classics. It becomes the first film to win all 5 of the major Academy Awards – Best Actor, Best Actress, Best Screenplay, Best Director, and Best Picture. Gable and Colbert receive their only Oscars for this film.
- March 3 – John Dillinger escapes from jail in Crown Point, Indiana, using a wooden pistol.
- March 13 – John Dillinger, Baby Face Nelson and their gang rob the First National Bank in Mason City, Iowa.
- March 24 – The Philippine Commonwealth becomes established allowing for more self-government from the United States.
- April 1 – Clyde Barrow and Bonnie Parker kill 2 young highway patrolmen near Grapevine, Texas.
- April 12
- April 22 – John Dillinger and two others shoot their way out of an FBI ambush in northern Wisconsin.
- May 11 – Dust Bowl: A strong 2-day dust storm removes massive amounts of Great Plains topsoil in one of the worst dust storms of the Dust Bowl.
- May 15 – The United States Department of Justice offers a $25,000 reward for John Dillinger.
- May 16 – Teamsters in Minneapolis begin a strike that lasts until a settlement proposal is accepted on August 21.
- May 23 – A team of police officers, led by Texas Ranger Frank Hamer, ambush bank robbers Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow near their hide-out in Black Lake, Louisiana, killing them both.
- May 24 – The 5-day "Battle of Toledo" occurs during the Auto-Lite strike in Toledo, Ohio.
- June 6 – New Deal: U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs the Securities Exchange Act into law, establishing the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.
- June 18 – Pub.L. 73–394 expands the crime of making false statements to remove the requirement of an intent to defraud and expands the coverage to "any matter within the jurisdiction" of the federal government.
- July 1
- July 17 – The North Dakota Supreme Court declares Lieutenant Governor Ole H. Olson the legitimate governor and tells William Langer to resign. Langer proceeds to declare North Dakota independent. He revokes the declaration after the Supreme Court justices meet him.
- July 22 – Outside Chicago's Biograph Theatre, "Public Enemy No. 1" John Dillinger is mortally wounded by FBI agents.
- August 15 – The United States occupation of Haiti ends as the last Marines depart.
- August 19 – The first All-American Soap Box Derby is held in Dayton, Ohio.
- August 25 – Anti-union vigilantes seize the town of McGuffey, Ohio, during the Hardin County onion pickers strike.
- September 8 – Off the New Jersey coast, a fire aboard the passenger liner Morro Castle kills 134 people.
- October 22 – "Pretty Boy" Floyd is shot and killed by FBI agents near East Liverpool, Ohio.
- November 5 – Kelayres massacre: An election-eve rally by Democrats in the coal-mining village of Kelayres, Pennsylvania is fired on as it passes the home of a leading local Republican family, resulting in 5 deaths.
- November 20–21 – Business Plot: An alleged coup to overthrow President Franklin D. Roosevelt is investigated by the McCormack–Dickstein Committee and is reported by the Philadelphia Record.
- November 21 – Cole Porter's musical Anything Goes, starring Ethel Merman, premieres in New York City.
- November 26 – Universal Pictures releases the first film version of Fannie Hurst's novel, Imitation of Life, starring Claudette Colbert and Louise Beavers. It gives Beavers, usually featured in small roles as a maid, her best screen role, and features the largest supporting role played by a black person in a Hollywood film up until then. Its storyline is extremely daring for a 1934 film – part of it revolves around a young mulatto girl rejecting her mother and trying to "pass for white". It is the first Hollywood film to seriously deal with this subject. The 1936 film version of Show Boat, also from Universal, will deal with a similar storyline.
- November 27 – A running gun battle between FBI agents and bank robber Baby Face Nelson results in the death of one FBI agent and the mortal wounding of special agent Samuel P. Cowley, who was still able to mortally wound Nelson.
- December 26 – An American Airlines aircraft crashes in the Adirondack Mountains.
- December 29 – Japan renounces the Washington Naval Treaty of 1922 and the London Naval Treaty of 1930.
- National Archives established.
- US Congress makes the Philippines a self-governing commonwealth and schedules independence for 1944. Sugar imports are reduced and immigration is limited to 50 Filipino people per year.
- National Union for Social Justice (organization) founded.
- Lochner era (c. 1897–c. 1937)
- U.S. occupation of Haiti (1915–1934)
- Dust Bowl (1930–1936)
- New Deal (1933–1938)
- March 22 – Orrin Hatch, United States Senator from Utah since 1977.
- May 6 – Richard Shelby, United States Senator from Alabama since 1987.
- May 9 – Nathan Dean, soldier and politician (died 2013)
- May 11 – Jim Jeffords, United States Senator from Vermont from 1989 till 2007. (died 2014)
- May 24 – William Richard Ratchford, politician (died 2011)
- June 3 –Jim Gentile, baseball player and manager
- June 26 – John V. Tunney, United States Senator from California from 1971 till 1977.
- June 28 – Carl Levin, United States Senator from Michigan since 1979.
- July 10 – Jerry Nelson, puppeteer with the Muppets, Sesame Street, Fraggle Rock (died 2012)
- August 19 – David Durenberger, United States Senator from Minnesota from 1978 till 1995.
- August 29 – David Pryor, United States Senator from Arkansas from 1979 till 1997.
- October 20 – Charles S. Liebman, American-born Israeli political scientist and author on Jewish life and Israel (died 2003)
- November 17 – Jim Inhofe, United States Senator from Oklahoma since 1994.
This section requires expansion. (August 2011)
- June 24 – Charles S. Thomas, United States Senator from Colorado from 1913 till 1921. (born 1849)
- October 6 – James Taliaferro, United States Senator from Florida from 1899 till 1911. (born 1847)
- "Milestones of the U.S. Archival Profession and the National Archives, 1800-2011". U.S. National Archives and Records Administration. Retrieved May 2015. Check date values in:
- "Riding the Rails: Timeline of the Great Depression". American Experience. USA: Public Broadcasting Service. Retrieved November 2014. Check date values in:
- Media related to 1934 in the United States at Wikimedia Commons