1937 Great Hong Kong typhoon

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1937 Great Hong Kong Typhoon
Category 3 (Saffir–Simpson scale)
File:1937 Hong Kong typhoon analysis 1 Sept.png
Surface weather analysis of the typhoon on 1 September
Formed August 28, 1937 (1937-08-28)
Dissipated September 4, 1937 (1937-09-04)
Highest winds 1-minute sustained: 205 km/h (125 mph)
Lowest pressure 958 hPa (mbar); 28.29 inHg
Fatalities 11,021
Areas affected
Part of the 1937 Pacific typhoon season

The 1937 Great Hong Kong Typhoon was an unnamed typhoon in Hong Kong on 2 September 1937. It was one of the worst typhoons in Hong Kong history killing 11,000 people.[1] In Macau, 21 people died by this typhoon.[2]


File:1937 The Hong Kong great Typhoon track.png
Map plotting the track and intensity of the storm according to the IBTrACS.

Victoria Harbour at the time was the seventh busiest in the world.[3] It was always busy with sampans, junks, ferries, cargo ships, ocean liners, yachts and warships. The typhoon wind was so strong that observatory instruments capable of registering winds up to 125 mph broke down.[4] Hong Kong Observatory have since recorded the wind with a mean hourly wind average of 59 knots, 68 mph, 109 km/h, a 10-minute mean Wind of 74knots, 85 mph, 137 km/h. The maximum gust was at 130 knots, 149 mph, 240 km/h.[5] The piston of the anemometer hit the stops at 130 knots (240 km/h) and the true maximum gust could not be recorded.[5] The typhoon was so powerful that it caused a 9.1 meter tidal wave that swept through the villages of Taipo and Shatin. The villages suffered massive damage and many fatalities [6]

See also


  1. Strzepek, Kenneth M., Smith, Joel B. [1995] (1995). As Climate Changes: International Impacts and Implications. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-46796-9.
  2. "MACAO TYPHOON DAMAGE. MANY LIVES LOST ON SHORE. FISHING FLEETS SUFFER". The Hongkong Telegraph (page 4). 4 September 1937.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. needs reference
  4. Time magazine. "Time magazine 1937 account." Hong Kong Typhoon: Monday, Sep. 13, 1937. Retrieved on 2007-12-19.
  5. 5.0 5.1 HK weather gov. "Typhoon Wanda 27 August to 2 September 1962." Typhoon Wanda and other winds. Retrieved on 2007-12-19.
  6. http://www.hurricanescience.org/history/storms/1930s/HongKong/

External links