1937 in Ireland
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|See also:||1937 in Northern Ireland
Other events of 1937
List of years in Ireland
Events from the year 1937 in Ireland.
- 22 January - The National Council of Women of Ireland is agitating for the formation of a women's police force.
- 8 April - All political parties and Church leaders gather at the Mansion House, Dublin to pay tribute to the Chief Rabbi, Dr. Yitzhak Herzog, who is leaving to take up the new post of Chief Rabbi of the British Mandate of Palestine.
- 6–27 February - Battle of Jarama (Spanish Civil War): The Connolly Column and other Irish volunteers take part.
- 14 April - The Minister for Finance, Seán MacEntee, delivers his budget. He reduces the costs of butter, sugar and tea.
- 30 April - Éamon de Valera introduces the new Constitution of Ireland. It recognises the institution of marriage and the family and prohibits divorce, as well as recognising the special position of the Catholic Church. It also recogniseS Judaism and other minority faiths. Although drafted in English, the Irish translation, made initially by Mícheál Ó Gríobhtha, will have legal priority.
- 11 May - The Constitution Bill receives its second reading in Dáil Éireann. Éamon de Valera dismisses claims that the Constitution provided for a dictatorship.
- 13 May - A bronze statue of King George II of Great Britain on St Stephen's Green, Dublin, is blown to pieces.
- 25 May - An amendment to the Constitution of Ireland proposing membership of the British Commonwealth is rejected.
- 8 June - Executive Powers (Consequential Provisions) Act 1937 passed by the Oireachtas retrospectively abolishing the office of Governor-General of the Irish Free State (most of whose powers have been removed under the Constitution (Amendment No. 27) Act 1936) and providing for a pension for the last office-holder.
- 14 June - The Draft Constitution is passed in the Dáil by 62 votes to 48. The Eighth Dáil is also dissolved and a general election is called.
- 30 June - Éamon de Valera winds up an election tour with a huge rally on College Green, Dublin.
- 1 July - Fianna Fáil wins the general election. The plebiscite on the Constitution of Ireland is passed by 56.5% of voters.
- 5 July - Éamon de Valera and Seán Lemass inspect the flying boat Caledonia before its survey flight across the Atlantic Ocean.
- 26 August - The Irish Times newspaper publishes its 25,000th edition in Dublin.
- 27 August - Dublin's first automatic traffic lights come into operation at the junction of Merrion Square and Clare Street.
- 12 October - Kathleen Clarke (widow of Tom Clarke) addresses the Fianna Fáil Ardfheis, telling the party that it is moving away from its original values of republicanism.
- 10 November - The text of a new bill providing a seal of office for the President of Ireland is introduced in Dáil Éireann.
- 6 December - The Seal of the President of Ireland is photographed for archive purposes.
- 11 December - The Kelly Line steamer Annagher sinks at Ballymacormick Point with the loss of nine crew and only one survivor.
- 29 December - The new Constitution of Ireland (Bunreacht na hÉireann) comes into force. The Irish Free State becomes the Republic of Ireland, to be known as "Ireland" (or Éire in the Irish language), and Éamon de Valera becomes the first Taoiseach (prime minister) of the new state. A Presidential Commission (made up the Chief Justice, the Speaker of Dáil Éireann, and the President of the High Court) assumes the powers of the new presidency, pending the election of the first President of Ireland in June 1938. A 21-gun salute is fired from the Royal Hospital Kilmainham and the tricolour flag of Ireland flies over all public buildings.
Arts and literature
- April - Writers Elizabeth Bowen and Seán Ó Faoláin first meet, in London.
- 29 September - French playwright Antonin Artaud is expelled from Ireland.
- Samuel Beckett leaves Ireland to settle in Paris.
- The national radio station, Radio Athlone, is renamed Radio Éireann.
- Norah Hoult publishes her novel Coming from the Fair.
- Robert Lloyd Praeger publishes his memoir The Way That I Went: An Irishman in Ireland.
- Winners: Sligo Rovers
Gaelic Athletic Association
- 4 January - Mick O'Connell, Kerry Gaelic footballer.
- 27 April - Robin Eames, Church of Ireland Primate of All Ireland and Archbishop of Armagh from 1986 to 2006.
- 20 May - Benjamin Guinness, 3rd Earl of Iveagh, peer and Seanad member (died 1992).
- 31 May - Mary O'Rourke, Fianna Fáil TD and Cabinet Minister.
- 3 June - Ray Brady, soccer player.
- 13 July - Ollie Walsh, Kilkenny hurler (died 1996).
- 19 August - Niall Andrews, Fianna Fáil TD and MEP (died 2006).
- 26 September - Seán Fallon, Fianna Fáil politician, Cathaoirleach of Seanad Éireann from 1992 until his death. (died 1995)
- October - Richard Johnton, President of the Irish High Court.
- 15 December - Rodney Bernstein, cricketer.
- 25 December - Noel Furlong, businessman and poker player.
- 31 January - Samuel Edgar, cricketer (born 1913).
- 3 February - Thomas Moles, Ulster Unionist MP (born 1871).
- 19 February - Leonard Molloy, soldier, doctor, M.P. (born 1861).
- 27 February - Charles Donnelly, poet, killed at the Jarama Front, Spanish Civil War (born 1914).
- 7 March - Tomás Ó Criomhthain, writer and fisherman (born 1856).
- 1 May - Herbert Hughes, musicologist, composer and critic (born 1882).
- 27 June - Arthur Douglas, cricketer and rugby player (born 1902).
- 14 July - Thomas Myles, surgeon, Home Ruler, involved in importation of arms for the Irish Volunteers in 1914 (born 1857).
- 5 November - Jack McAuliffe, boxer (born 1886).
- 23 November - Con Collins, Sinn Féin MP (born 1881).