From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core
- January 9 – Leon Trotsky begins exile in Mexico with his wife Natalia Sedova; they share The Blue House in Coyoacán with painters Frida Kahlo and Diego Rivera and Trotsky has an affair with Frida.
- May–June – Pablo Picasso paints Guernica, a cubistic mural created in reaction to the German bombing of the Spanish Basque town of the same name on 26 April. It is first exhibited in July at the Spanish Republican government pavilion (designed by Josep Lluís Sert) in the Exposition Internationale des Arts et Techniques dans la Vie Moderne in Paris before commencing a world tour. René Iché created a sculpture Guernica the day after the bombing took place, but will not exhibit it in his lifetime. The Spanish Government pavilion at the International Exhibition also includes a mercury fountain by Alexander Calder and Joan Miró's The Reaper. Vera Mukhina's sculpture Worker and Kolkhoz Woman is also created for the Exhibition.
- May – Stanley Spencer and his wife Hilda are divorced; within a week he marries Patricia Preece who departs on honeymoon to St Ives with her partner Dorothy Hepworth while he resumes relations with Hilda at Cookham.
- July 18 – Große Deutsche Kunstausstellung ("Great German Art Exhibition") opened by Adolf Hitler in the Haus der deutschen Kunst ("House of German Art") in Munich, newly completed to the designs of Paul Troost (d. 1934) to display art of the Third Reich. Hitler has rejected the choices of the original selection jury and placed his personal photographer Heinrich Hoffmann in charge of curating the display, but even so has rejected some of the more experimental paintings.
- July 19 – Entartete Kunst ("Degenerate art") exhibition, mounted by the Nazis, opens in Munich.
- October – Formation in London of the Euston Road School, a private School of Drawing and Painting originally established in Fitzroy Street by William Coldstream, Claude Rogers and Victor Pasmore, and giving name to the group of naturalist artists associated with it.
- December 21 – Premiere of Walt Disney's Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs in the United States, the first full-length animated feature film (concept artist: Albert Hurter).
- The exhibition The Origins and Development of International Independent Art held at the Galerie nationale du Jeu de Paume in Paris brings Chaim Soutine to prominence.
- The Avant-Garde Image Group is founded by Japanese photographer Terushichi Hirai.
- American painters Paul Cadmus, Jared French and Margaret French (née Hoening) form the PaJaMa photographic collective.
- Statues by Jacob Epstein on Rhodesia House, London, are mutilated.
- 1937–1938 – Mussolini has the Ara Pacis Augustae reconstructed in its present location.
- March 23 – Parviz Tanavoli, Iranian-born sculptor
- May 31 – Larry Zox, American painter and printmaker (d.2006)
- June 7 – Red Grooms, born Charles Rogers Grooms, American multimedia pop artist
- July 9 – David Hockney, English painter
- August 2 – John Salt, English painter
- August 18 – Willie Rushton, English cartoonist, satirist, comedian, actor and performer (d.1996)
- October 1 – Larry Poons, Japanese-born American op artist
- October 6 – Fritz Scholder, Native American painter, printmaker and graphic artist (d.2005)
- October 12 – Robert Mangold, American minimalist painter
- October 19 – Peter Max, German-born American printmaker and graphic designer
- December 16 – Edward Ruscha, American painter, printmaker, photographer and conceptual artist
- full date unknown – Ronald Davis, American painter
- ↑ "Euston Road School". Artist Biographies. 2011-04-28. Retrieved 2012-04-10.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- ↑ Buckle, Richard (1963). "1907-08: Strand Statues". Jacob Epstein, Sculptor. London: Faber. pp. 24–37.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>