1944

From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the year 1944. For the EP by Soul-Junk , see 1944 (EP). For the 2015 film, see 1944 (film). For other uses, see 1944 (disambiguation).
Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries: 19th century20th century21st century
Decades: 1910s  1920s  1930s  – 1940s –  1950s  1960s  1970s
Years: 1941 1942 194319441945 1946 1947
1944 by topic:
Subject
By country
Leaders
Birth and death categories
Establishments and disestablishments categories
Works and introductions categories

Lua error in package.lua at line 75: invalid escape sequence near .

1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (dominical letter BA) of the Gregorian calendar, the 1944th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 944th year of the 2nd millennium, the 44th year of the 20th century, and the 5th year of the 1940s decade.

Events

Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.

January

File:Landing at Anzio.jpg
US Army troops landing at Anzio during Operation Shingle, late January 1944.

February

The Abbey of Monte Cassino in ruins after being destroyed by Allied bombing, February 1944.

March

The March 1944 eruption of Mount Vesuvius.

April

May

The prime ministers of Britain and the four major dominions at the 1944 Commonwealth Prime Ministers' Conference, 1 May 1944.

June

Allied troops land on the beaches of Normandy during D-Day.
LVTs heading for shore on 15 June 1944 during the Battle of Saipan.

July

The aftermath of the failed 20 July plot to kill Hitler.
Soviet soldiers fight in the streets of Jelgava, summer 1944.
File:Medics helping injured soldier in France, 1944 - NARA - 535973.tif
American medics helping injured soldier in France, 1944.

August

Szare Szeregi Scouts also fought in the Warsaw Uprising.
Jewish prisoners of Gęsiówka liberated by Polish soldiers from Batalion Zośka, 5 August 1944.
Crowds of French people line the Champs Élysées following the Liberation of Paris, 26 August 1944.

September

Waves of paratroopers land in the Netherlands during Operation Market Garden in September 1944.

October

Henry Larsen becomes the first person successfully to navigate the Northwest Passage in both directions, westbound July-October 1944.
American troops advance towards San Jose on Leyte Island, 20 October 1944.
File:Volkssturm armband.svg
Volkssturm founded in October 1944.
The beginning of the Battle of Leyte, 20 October 1944.

November

December

Victims of the Malmedy massacre
George Marshall becomes the first U.S. Five-Star General on December 16, 1944.

Date unknown

Births

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

Date unknown

Deaths

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

Date unknown

Nobel Prizes

References

  1. Ken Ford (2004). Cassino 1944: Breaking the Gustav Line, p. 12. ISBN 978-1-84176-623-2
  2. "Convoy Mo-Ta-06 (モタ61船団)" (PDF). All Japan Seamen's Union. Retrieved 2011-11-18. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Greatest Maritime Disasters". International Registry of Sunken Ships. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  4. "More Maritime Disasters of World War II". George Duncan. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 "List of sunken ships in Pacific War (太平洋戦争時の喪失船舶明細表)" (PDF). Sunken Ships Record Association (戦没船を記録する会). Retrieved 2012-10-20. 
  6. Kynaston, David (2007). Austerity Britain 1945–1951. London: Bloomsbury. ISBN 978-0-7475-7985-4. 
  7. "Convoy Take Ichi" (PDF). All Japan Seamen's Union. Retrieved 2011-11-17. 
  8. Small, Ken; Rogerson, Mark (1988). The Forgotten Dead – Why 946 American Servicemen Died off the Coast of Devon in 1944 – and the Man who Discovered their True Story. London: Bloomsbury. ISBN 0-7475-0309-5. 
  9. Fenton, Ben (26 April 2004). "The disaster that could have scuppered Overlord". The Daily Telegraph. London. 
  10. Savill, Richard (26 April 2004). "Last of torpedo survivors remembers brave buddies". The Daily Telegraph. 
  11. Wasley, Gerald (1994). Devon at War, 1939–1945. Tiverton: Devon Books. p. 157. ISBN 0-86114-885-1. 
  12. 12.0 12.1 "Year by Year 1944" – History Channel International
  13. Kaiser, Don (2011). "K-Ships Across the Atlantic" (PDF). Naval Aviation News. 93 (2). Retrieved 2011-09-23. 
  14. "Blimp Squadron 14". Warwingsart.com. Retrieved 2011-09-23. 
  15. Asperger, H. (1991) [1944]. "'Autistic psychopathy' in childhood". In Frith, Uta. Autism and Asperger Syndrome. Cambridge University Press. pp. 37–92. ISBN 0-521-38448-6. 
  16. Asperger, Hans (3 June 1944). "Die "Autistischen Psychopathen" im Kindesalter". Archiv für Psychiatrie und Nervenkrankheiten. 117 (1): 76–136. doi:10.1007/BF01837709. Retrieved 18 August 2014. 
  17. Foot, M. R. D. (1999). SOE: An Outline History of the Special Operations Executive 1940–46. London: Pimlico. p. 143. ISBN 0-7126-6585-4. 
  18. 18.0 18.1 18.2 18.3 Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0. 
  19. "Nikkin Maru - Casualties (日錦丸の被害)" (PDF). All Japan Seamen's Union. Retrieved 2011-11-18. 
  20. 56 F. Supp. 716 (N.D. Cal 1944).
  21. Radinger, Will; Schick, Walter (1996). Me 262 (in German). Berlin: Avantic Verlag GmbH. ISBN 3-925505-21-0. 
  22. "Education Act, 1944" (PDF). Retrieved 2010-10-21. 
  23. Prose, Francine (2014-08-01). "Anne Frank's final entry". CNN. Retrieved 2014-08-01. On Friday, August 4, 1944... a car pulled up in front of a spice warehouse at 263 Prinsengracht in Amsterdam. Inside the car were an Austrian Gestapo officer and his Dutch subordinates, who, acting on a tip-off (whose source has never been identified), had come to arrest the eight Jews who had been hiding for two years in an attic above the warehouse. The eight prisoners were taken to a deportation camp, from where they were sent to Auschwitz. Only one of them, Otto Frank, would survive. 
  24. Cressman, Robert J. (2000). The Official Chronology of the U.S. Navy in WWII. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. p. 248. ISBN 978-1-55750-149-3. 
  25. "Convoy Hi-71 (ヒ71船団)" (PDF). All Japan Seamen's Union. Retrieved 2011-11-17. 
  26. van der Kuil, Peter (March 2003). "List of Casualties". The Sinking of the Junyo Maru. 
  27. Van der Zee, Henri A. (1982). The Hunger Winter: Occupied Holland 1944–5. London: Norman & Hobhouse. ISBN 978-0-906908-71-6. 
  28. Larsen, Henry A. (1967). The Big Ship: an autobiography. Toronto: McClelland and Stewart. 
  29. "Across the Northwest Passage: The Larsen Expeditions". University of Calgary]. Retrieved 2012-12-17. 
  30. "Antwerp, "City of Sudden Death"". V2Rocket.com. Retrieved 2013-04-24. 
  31. Gile, Chester A. (February 1963). "The Mount Hood Explosion". Proceedings. United States Naval Institute. 
  32. 32.0 32.1 "Convoy Hi-81 (ヒ81船団)" (PDF). All Japan Seamen's Union. Retrieved 2011-11-17. 
  33. As Kenneth Branagh is to do over forty years later in his successful remake.
  34. Reed, John (1977). "Largest Wartime Explosions: 21 Maintenance Unit, RAF Fauld, Staffs. November 27, 1944". After the Battle. 18: 35–40. ISSN 0306-154X. 
  35. Cressman, Robert J. (2000). The Official Chronology of the U.S. Navy in WWII. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. p. 278. ISBN 978-1-55750-149-3. 
  36. "The Sinking of SS Leopoldville". uboat.net. Retrieved 2010-07-04. 
  37. Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 392–394. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2. 
  38. Guggisberg, Charles Albert Walter (1961). Simba: the life of the lion. Cape Town: Howard Timmins.