1945–46 Oberliga

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Oberliga
Season 1945–46
Champions SG Wilmersdorf
1. FC Saarbrücken
VfB Stuttgart
Relegated 28 clubs
Top goalscorer Robert Schlienz
(42 goals)[1]

The 1945–46 Oberliga was the inaugural season of the Oberliga, the first tier of the football league system in Allied-occupied Germany. The league operated in seven regional divisions, Berlin (four divisions), South and Southwest. For the second consecutive season no German championship was held. The competition would resume in 1948 with 1. FC Nürnberg taking out the first post-war championship.[2]

In the British and Soviet occupation zone no Oberligas were organised. In the former the Oberliga Nord and Oberliga West commenced play in the 1947–48 season while, in the Soviet zone, the DDR-Oberliga was organised from 1949 onwards.[3]

In the French occupation zone the Oberliga Südwest operated only in the north with the southern division established in the following season.[4][5]

In the American occupation zone, with the approval of the US occupation authorities, the Oberliga Süd kicked off on 4 November 1945.[6]

In post-Second World War Germany many clubs were forced to change their names or merge. This policy was particularly strongly enforced in the Soviet and French occupation zones but much more relaxed in the British and US one. In most cases clubs eventually reverted to their original names, especially after the formation of the Federal Republic of Germany in 1949.[7]

Oberliga Berlin

The 1945–46 season was the inaugural season of the league. The league champions of each division advanced to the championship round. At the end of the season the league was reduced from four divisions of nine teams each to a single division with twelve clubs.

Group A

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Promotion, qualification or relegation
1 SG Wilmersdorf 16 13 3 0 67 8 +59 29 Qualified to championship round
2 SG Tempelhof 16 11 0 5 37 39 −2 22
3 SG Spandau-Altstadt (R) 16 9 2 5 51 22 +29 20 Relegation to Amateurliga
4 SG Kreuzberg-Ost (R) 16 9 2 5 47 28 +19 20
5 SG Reinickendorf-West 16 9 2 5 54 33 +21 20
6 SG Schöneberg-Nord (R) 16 6 3 7 30 25 +5 15 Relegation to Amateurliga
7 SG Hohenschönhausen (R) 16 4 1 11 28 64 −36 9
8 SG Reinickendorf-Ost (R) 16 3 0 13 30 78 −48 6
9 SG Friedrichsfelde (R) 16 1 1 14 23 70 −47 3
Source: RSSSF.com
Rules for classification: 1) Points;
(R) Relegated.

Group B

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Promotion, qualification or relegation
1 SG Mariendorf 16 13 1 2 71 32 +39 40 Qualified to championship round
2 SG Osloer Straße 16 10 2 4 48 23 +25 32
3 SG Südring 16 10 1 5 41 28 +13 31
4 SG Britz (R) 16 9 2 5 54 40 +14 29 Relegation to Amateurliga
5 SG Schillerpark (R) 16 6 2 8 27 38 −11 20
6 SG Stralau (R) 15 5 2 8 31 49 −18 17
7 SG Niederschönhausen (R) 16 5 2 9 35 40 −5 17
8 SG Grünau (R) 16 5 0 11 26 40 −14 15
9 SG Borsigwalde (R) 15 2 0 13 11 55 −44 6
Source: RSSSF.com
Rules for classification: 1) Points;
(R) Relegated.

Group C

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Promotion, qualification or relegation
1 SG Staaken 16 13 1 2 55 23 +32 40 Qualified to championship round
2 SG Charlottenburg 16 11 1 4 59 22 +37 34
3 SG Köpenick 16 10 1 5 54 30 +24 31
4 SG Prenzlauer Berg-Nord (R) 16 8 0 8 32 39 −7 24 Relegation to Amateurliga
5 SG Rixdorf (R) 16 7 1 8 35 40 −5 22
6 SG Tiergarten (R) 16 4 4 8 36 33 +3 16
7 SG Gesundbrunnen (R) 16 6 0 10 34 52 −18 18
8 SG Oberschöneweide (R) 16 3 4 9 26 43 −17 13
9 SG Lichtenberg-Süd (R) 16 3 2 11 25 74 −49 11
Source: RSSSF.com
Rules for classification: 1) Points;
(R) Relegated.

Group D

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Promotion, qualification or relegation
1 SG Prenzlauer Berg-West 16 12 2 2 63 34 +29 38 Qualified to championship round
2 SG Stadtmitte 16 9 4 3 36 32 +4 31
3 SG Niederschöneweide (R) 16 5 5 6 30 31 −1 20 Relegation to Amateurliga
4 SG Lichtenberg-Nord 16 6 3 7 34 37 −3 21
5 SG Adlershof (R) 16 6 3 7 43 52 −9 21 Relegation to Amateurliga
6 SG Nordbahn (R) 16 7 0 9 42 42 0 21
7 SG Johannisthal (R) 16 5 3 8 37 41 −4 18
8 SG Neukölln (R) 16 6 1 9 39 24 +15 19
9 SG Weißensee (R) 16 4 3 9 24 55 −31 15
Source: RSSSF.com
Rules for classification: 1) Points;
(R) Relegated.

Championship

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
1 SG Wilmersdorf 6 5 0 1 28 11 +17 10
2 SG Prenzlauer Berg-West 6 3 1 2 17 13 +4 7
3 SG Staaken 6 3 1 2 17 13 +4 7
4 SG Mariendorf 6 0 0 6 8 33 −25 0
Source: RSSSF.com
Rules for classification: 1) Points;

Oberliga Südwest

The 1945–46 season was the inaugural season of the league.

Northern group

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Promotion, qualification or relegation
1 1. FC Saarbrücken 18 15 1 2 67 16 +51 31 Qualified to French occupation zone championship
2 1. FC Kaiserslautern 18 14 2 2 85 24 +61 30
3 Borussia Neunkirchen 18 11 4 3 61 26 +35 26
4 Wormatia Worms 18 8 4 6 45 30 +15 20
5 VfR Frankenthal (R) 18 8 4 6 43 53 −10 20 Relegated to Landesliga
6 FK Pirmasens (R) 18 6 1 11 34 44 −10 13
7 Phönix Ludwigshafen 18 3 5 10 27 51 −24 11
8 1. FC Idar (R) 18 4 3 11 31 74 −43 11 Relegated to Landesliga
9 Hassia Bingen (R) 18 5 1 12 27 72 −45 11
10 FSV Mainz 05 18 2 3 13 20 58 −38 7
Source: RSSSF.com
Rules for classification: 1) Points;
(R) Relegated.

Southern group

The southern division of the Oberliga Südwest commenced in 1946–47. In the 1945–46 season regional leagues were played with a final to determine which club would play the northern division winner in the French occupation zone championship:[7]

Team 1  Score  Team 2
Fortuna Rastatt 5–0 VfL Konstanz

Final

The French occupation zone championship was decided in a set of finals between the northern and southern champions:[7]

Team 1 Agg. Team 2 1st leg 2nd leg
1. FC Saarbrücken 9–4 Fortuna Rastatt 5–0 4–4

Oberliga Süd

The 1945–46 season was the inaugural season of the league. No team was relegated at the end of season as the league was expanded to 20 teams.

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
1 VfB Stuttgart 30 21 4 5 91 34 +57 46
2 1. FC Nürnberg 30 20 5 5 86 44 +42 45
3 Stuttgarter Kickers 30 17 8 5 88 51 +37 42
4 Schwaben Augsburg 30 16 7 7 55 36 +19 39
5 SV Waldhof Mannheim 30 16 7 7 68 45 +23 39
6 FC Bayern Munich 30 12 10 8 67 48 +19 34
7 FC Schweinfurt 05 30 14 5 11 55 49 +6 33
8 BC Augsburg 30 9 10 11 49 64 −15 28
9 TSV 1860 München 30 10 7 13 52 44 +8 27
10 FSV Frankfurt 30 8 10 12 44 62 −18 26
11 Eintracht Frankfurt 30 9 7 14 71 75 −4 25
12 Kickers Offenbach 30 10 4 16 60 72 −12 24
13 SpVgg Fürth 30 8 6 16 46 69 −23 22
14 VfR Mannheim 30 6 7 17 41 74 −33 19
15 Phönix Karlsruhe 30 6 6 18 54 90 −36 18
16 Karlsruher FV 30 3 7 20 33 112 −79 13
Source: RSSSF.com
Rules for classification: 1) Points;

References

  1. "Fußball-Torjägerstatistik Deutschland" [Goal scorer statistics Germany]. google book review (in German). 2011. Retrieved 13 January 2016. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "(West) Germany -List of champions". Rsssf.com. Retrieved 13 January 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "East Germany 1946-1990". rsssf.com (in German). Retrieved 13 January 2016. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. "Oberliga Südwest". f-archiv.de (in German). Retrieved 13 January 2016. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "Germany - Oberliga Südwest 1945-63". Rsssf.com. Retrieved 13 January 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. 100 Jahre Süddeutscher Fussball Verband, page: 71
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 "Oberliga Südwest Gruppe Süd 1946–1950" [Oberliga Südwest Group South 1946–1950] (PDF). dsfs.de (in German). DSFS. Retrieved 13 January 2016. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

Sources

  • 30 Jahre Bundesliga (German) 30th anniversary special, publisher: kicker Sportmagazin, published: 1993
  • kicker-Almanach 1990 (German) Yearbook of German football, publisher: kicker Sportmagazin, published: 1989, ISBN 3-7679-0297-4
  • DSFS Liga-Chronik seit 1945 (German) publisher: DSFS, published: 2005
  • 100 Jahre Süddeutscher Fußball-Verband (German) 100 Years of the Southern German Football Federation, publisher: SFV, published: 1997

External links