|Centuries:||19th century – 20th century – 21st century|
|Decades:||1910s 1920s 1930s – 1940s – 1950s 1960s 1970s|
|Years:||1943 1944 1945 – 1946 – 1947 1948 1949|
|1946 by topic|
|Lists of leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1946.|
1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (dominical letter F) of the Gregorian calendar, the 1946th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 946th year of the 2nd millennium, the 46th year of the 20th century, and the 7th year of the 1940s decade.
- 1 Events
- 2 Births
- 3 Deaths
- 4 Nobel Prizes
- 5 References
- 6 Links
- January 6 – A revised and streamlined revival of Kern and Hammerstein's Show Boat opens on Broadway at the Ziegfeld Theatre.
- January 7 – The Allies recognize the Austrian republic with 1937 borders, and divide the country into four occupation zones.
- January 10
- The first meeting of the United Nations is held at Methodist Central Hall Westminster in London.
- Project Diana bounces radar waves off the Moon, measuring the exact distance between the Earth and the Moon, and proves that communication is possible between Earth and outer space, effectively opening the Space Age.
- January 11
- January 16 – Charles de Gaulle resigns as a head of a French provisional government.
- January 17
- January 19 – The Bell XS-1 is test flown for the first time (unpowered), with Bell's chief test pilot Jack Woolams at the controls.
- January 20 – Charles de Gaulle resigns as president of France.
- January 22 – Iran: Qazi Muhammad declares the independent people's Republic of Mahabad at the Chahar Cheragh Square in the Kurdish city of Mahabad. He is the new president, Haji Baba Sheikh is the prime minister.
- January 25 – The United Mine Workers rejoins the American Federation of Labor.
- January 28 – The Canadian schooner Bluenose founders on a Haitian reef.
- January 29 – The Central Intelligence Group is established (the CIA in 1947).
- January 31
- February 1
- February 14
- February 15 – Canada indicts 22 communist agents.
- February 20 – An explosion kills more than 400 coal miners in West Germany.
- February 24 – Juan Perón is elected president of Argentina.
- February 28 – In Philadelphia, General Electric strikers and police clash.
- March 2
- March 4 – C. G. E. Mannerheim resigns as president of Finland.
- March 5 – In his speech at Westminster College, in Fulton, Missouri, Winston Churchill talks about the Iron Curtain.
- March 6 – Vietnam War: Ho Chi Minh signs an agreement with France which recognizes Vietnam as an autonomous state in the Indochinese Federation and the French Union.
- March 7 – The 18th Academy Awards ceremony is held. Best Picture goes to The Lost Weekend.
- March 9
- March 10 – British troops begin withdrawing from Lebanon.
- March 15 – Clement Attlee promises independence to India as soon as they can agree on a constitution.
- March 19
- March 22 – The United Kingdom grants Transjordan, as it is then known, its independence; 3 years later the country changes its name to Jordan.
- March 29 – The Gold Coast has an African majority in its parliament.
- April 1
- April 3 – Japanese Lt. General Masaharu Homma is executed outside Manila, the Philippines for leading the Bataan Death March.
- April 10 – In Japan, women vote for the first time, during elections for the House of Representatives of the 90th Imperial Diet.
- April 17 – Syria's independence from France is officially recognized.
- April 18
- April 23 – The Eastern Pennsylvania Basketball League (Which is now the CBA) is founded.
- April 27 – FA Cup: Derby County beat Charlton Athletic in the first FA Cup final since 1939.
- April 28 – Pestalozzi Children's Village (Kinderdorf Pestalozzi) established at Trogen in Switzerland to accommodate and educate orphans of World War II according to Pestalozzian principles.
- April 29 – Trial against war criminals begin in Tokyo; the accused include Hideki Tōjō, Shigenori Tōgō and Hiroshi Ōshima.
- May 1 – At least 800 Indigenous Australian pastoral workers walk off the job in Northwest Western Australia, starting one of the longest industrial strikes in Australia.
- May 2 – Six inmates unsuccessfully try to escape from Alcatraz Prison. A riot occurs, the "Battle of Alcatraz".
- May 7 – Tokyo Telecommunications Engineering (later renamed Sony) is founded with about 20 employees.
- May 9 – King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy abdicates, and is succeeded by his son Umberto II.
- May 10
- May 20 – The British House of Commons decides to nationalize mines.
- May 21 – At the Los Alamos Laboratory, Dr. Louis Slotin saves his coworkers but receives a fatal dose of ionizing radiation (the incident is initially classified).
- May 22 – The Hashemite Kingdom of Transjordan is founded.
- May 25 – The parliament of Transjordan makes emir Abdullah their king.
- May 26 – Czechoslovak parliamentary election, with Communist victory (38%), last before communists take power.
- May 31 – A Greek referendum supports the return of the monarchy.
- June 1
- Ion Antonescu, prime minister and "Conducator" (Leader) of Romania during World War II is executed; he was found guilty of betraying the Romanian people for benefits of Germany and sentenced to death by the Bucharest People's Tribunal.
- D'Argenlieu, French High Commissioner for Indo-China recognizes an autonomous "Republic of Cochin-China" in violation of the March 6 Ho–Sainteny agreement, opening the way for conflict between the Viet Minh and France.
- June 2 – In a referendum, Italians decide to turn Italy from a monarchy into a republic. Women vote for the first time.
- June 3 – The Interpol organization re-founded, telegraphic address "Interpol" adopted.
- June 6 – The Basketball Association of America is formed in New York City.
- June 8 – In Indonesia, Sukarno incites his supporters to fight Dutch colonial occupation.
- June 9 – In Thailand, King Bhumibol Adulyadej (Rama IX) accedes the throne after the mysterious death of his brother, King Ananda Mahidol (Rama VIII).
- June 10 – Italy is declared a republic.
- June 13 – Umberto II of Italy leaves the country and goes into exile in Portugal; Alcide De Gasperi becomes head of state.
- June 14 – The Baruch Plan is proposed to the United Nations
- June 17
- June 23
- June 25 – International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) (World Bank) begins operations.
- June 30 – The War Relocation Authority is abolished.
- July 1 – Nuclear testing: Operation Crossroads, a series of nuclear weapon tests conducted by the United States at Bikini Atoll in Micronesia, is initiated by detonation of Able at an altitude of 520 feet (158 m).
- July 4
- July 5 – Bikinis go on sale in Paris.
- July 7
- July 16 – Bureau of Land Management (BLM) within Department of the Interior (formed by merger of Grazing Service and General Land Office).
- July 21 – An Irgun bomb explodes in Jerusalem due to secretive talks between Jews and Britain to consolidate the state of Israel.
- July 22 – King David Hotel bombing: The Irgun bombs the King David Hotel (headquarters of the British civil and military administration) in Jerusalem, killing 90.
- July 25
- Nuclear testing: In the first underwater test of the atomic bomb, the surplus USS Saratoga is sunk near Bikini Atoll in the Pacific Ocean, when the United States detonates the Baker device during Operation Crossroads.
- At Club 500 in Atlantic City, New Jersey, Dean Martin and Jerry Lewis stage their first show as a comedy team.
- In the last mass lynching in the United States, a mob of white men shoot and kill two African-American couples near Moore's Ford Bridge in Georgia.
- August 1
- The United States Atomic Energy Commission is established.
- The Fulbright Program, a system of U.S. international educational exchange scholarships, is established.
- The Hungarian forint is introduced in Hungary by the government, ending the world's biggest hyperinflation in the country.
- The Scandinavian Airlines System is founded as a consortium of the flag carriers of Sweden, Denmark and Norway.
- August 3 – Holiday World, originally called Santa Claus Land, opens to the public at Santa Claus, Indiana. It becomes the first themed park, preceding Disneyland by 9 years.
- August 4 – The 1946 Dominican Republic earthquake (magnitude 8.0) hits the northern Dominican Republic, killing 100 and leaving 20,000 homeless.
- August 16
- August 18 – The Vergarola explosion in Croatia kills 70.
- August 25 – American golfer Ben Hogan wins the PGA Championship.
- September 2 – The Interim Government of India takes charge, with Jawaharlal Nehru as Vice President, as part of the transition from the British Raj to full independence for India and Pakistan.
- September 4 – Street violence between Muslims and Hindus erupts in Bombay.
- September 8 – Bulgaria is declared a People's Republic after a referendum; King Simeon II leaves.
- September 24 – Cathay Pacific Airways is founded in Hong Kong by American Roy Farrell and Australian Sydney de Kantzow.
- September 28 – George II of Greece returns to Athens.
- October 1 – Mensa, an international organization for people with a high intelligence quotient (IQ), is founded by Roland Berrill, an Australian-born lawyer, and Dr Lancelot Ware, an English biochemist and lawyer, in Oxford.
- October 2 – Communists take over in Bulgaria.
- October 6 – Sweden's Prime Minister Per Albin Hansson dies in office of a heart attack.
- October 10 – Commencement of the Noakhali genocide of Hindus in Bengal at the hands of Muslim mobs.
- October 11 – After a few days of vacancy, the Swedish premiership is taken over by Tage Erlander .
- October 13 – France adopts the constitution of the Fourth Republic.
- October 14 – International Organization for Standardization (ISO) founded.
- October 15 – Nuremberg trials: Hermann Göring, founder of the Gestapo and recently convicted Nazi war criminal, poisons himself two hours before his scheduled execution.
- October 16
- November 1 – In the first Basketball Association of America game, the New York Knicks defeat the Toronto Huskies 68–66 at Toronto's Maple Leaf Gardens.
- November 4 – UNESCO established as a specialized agency of the United Nations.
- November 5 – Senate and House elections in the United States both give majorities to the Republicans.
- November 10
- November 12
- November 15 – The Netherlands recognizes the Republic of Indonesia.
- November 17 – Eight British servicemen are killed in Jerusalem by Jewish nationalists.
- November 19
- November 22 – Tony Benn is elected as Treasurer of the Oxford Union.
- November 23
- November 27 – Cold War: Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru appeals to the United States and the Soviet Union to end nuclear testing and to start nuclear disarmament, stating that such an action would "save humanity from the ultimate disaster."
- November 29 – The All Indonesia Centre of Labour Organizations (SOBSI) is founded in Jakarta.
- December 1 – Miguel Alemán Valdés takes office as President of Mexico.
- December 2 The International Whaling Commission was signed in Washington, D.C. to "provide for the proper conservation of whale stocks and thus make possible the orderly development of the whaling industry".
- December 7 – A fire at the Winecoff Hotel in Atlanta, United States kills 119.
- December 11 – UNICEF (the United Nations Children's Emergency Fund) is founded.
- December 12
- The United Nations severs relations with Franco's Spain and recommends that member countries sever diplomatic relations.
- Léon Blum founds a government of socialist parties in France.
- Iranian troops recapture the Azerbaijan province and the Kurdish Republic of Mahabad, both of which had seceded earlier in the year.
- December 14 – The International Labour Organization becomes a specialized agency of the United Nations.
- December 15 – The first election to the Representative Assembly of French India was held.
- December 16 – Siam joins the United Nations (changes name to Thailand in 1949).
- December 19 – Viet Minh forces begin a war against French occupying forces in Vietnam, succeeding in 1954 with France's surrender at the Battle of Dien Bien Phu.
- December 20
- December 22 – The Havana Conference begins between U.S. organized crime bosses in Havana, Cuba.
- December 24 – France's Fourth Republic is founded.
- December 25 – The first artificial, self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction in Europe was initiated within the Soviet (Russian) nuclear reactor F-1.
- December 26
- December 31 – President Harry S. Truman delivers Proclamation 2714, which officially ends hostilities in World War II.
- The 20 mm M61 Vulcan Gatling gun contract is released.
- Female suffrage is enacted in Belgium, Romania, Yugoslavia, Argentina and the Canadian province of Quebec.
- The first female police officers are hired in Korea and Japan.
- The Chinese Civil War intensifies between the Kuomintang and the Communist Party of China.
- The first Tupperware is sold in department and hardware stores.
- The British government takes emergency powers to deal with the balance-of-payments crisis.
- Eva Perón tours Spain, Italy and France on behalf of Argentina, a circuit called the Rainbow Tour.
- The NFL team San Francisco 49ers is formed.
- The Casio company is founded by engineer Tadao Kashio.
- Binghamton University is founded.
- January 1
- January 3
- January 5 – Diane Keaton, American actress and film director
- January 6 – Syd Barrett, English rock guitarist and singer-songwriter (d. 2006)
- January 8
- January 9 – Mogens Lykketoft, Danish politician
- January 11
- January 12 – George Duke, American musician (d. 2013)
- January 14
- January 16
- January 18 – Joseph Deiss, Swiss Federal Councillor
- January 19
- January 20 – David Lynch, American film director
- January 21 – Johnny Oates, American baseball player and manager (d. 2004)
- January 22
- January 23 – Arnoldo Alemán, President of Nicaragua
- January 24 – Michael Ontkean, Canadian actor
- January 25 – Géza Bereményi, Hungarian writer, screenwriter and film director
- January 26
- January 27 – Nedra Talley, American singer (The Ronettes)
- January 29 – Bettye LaVette, American soul singer-songwriter
- January 31 – Terry Kath, American rock musician (d. 1978)
- February 1 – Elisabeth Sladen, English actress (d. 2011)
- February 2
- February 5 – Charlotte Rampling, British actress
- February 6 – Jim Turner, American politician
- February 7 – Pete Postlethwaite, English actor (d. 2011)
- February 9 – Seán Neeson, Northern Irish politician
- February 13 – Colin Matthews, British composer
- February 14
- February 19 – Karen Silkwood, American activist (d. 1974)
- February 20 – Brenda Blethyn, English actress
- February 21
- February 25
- February 26 – Ahmed H. Zewail, Egyptian chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
- February 28
- March 1
- March 4
- March 5
- March 6 – David Gilmour, English rock musician (Pink Floyd)
- March 7
- March 10 – Mike Hollands, Australian animator
- March 12
- March 13 – Yonatan Netanyahu, American-born Israeli Army officer, killed in Operation Entebbe (d. 1976)
- March 15 – Bobby Bonds, American baseball player and manager (d. 2003)
- March 17 – Georges J. F. Köhler, German biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1995)
- March 21 – Timothy Dalton, Welsh actor
- March 25 – Cliff Balsom, English footballer
- March 26 – Johnny Crawford, American child actor and musician
- March 27
- March 28 – Alejandro Toledo, former President of Peru
- March 29 – Billy Thorpe, English-born Australian singer-songwriter (d. 2007)
- March 30 – Carolyn Simpson, judge of the Supreme Court of New South Wales
- March 31 – Gonzalo Márquez, Venezuelan Major League Baseball player (d. 1984)
- April 3 – Hanna Suchocka, Prime Minister of Poland
- April 4 – Dave Hill, English guitarist (Slade)
- April 5
- April 7
- April 11 – Chris Burden, American artist (d. 2015)
- April 12 – Ed O'Neill, American actor
- April 16 – Margot Adler, American journalist
- April 18 – Hayley Mills, English actress
- April 19 – Tim Curry, British actor, singer and composer
- April 20
- April 25
- April 28 – Larissa Grunig, American public relations theorist and feminist
- April 30 – King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden
- May 1 – Joanna Lumley, English actress and author
- May 2
- May 4 – John Watson, Northern Irish racecar driver
- May 5 – Jim Kelly, American actor, martial artist and tennis player (d. 2013)
- May 7
- May 9
- May 10
- May 11 – Robert Jarvik, American physicist and artificial heart inventor
- May 12 – Richard Bruce Silverman, John Evans Professor of Chemistry at Northwestern University
- May 15 – Klaus-Peter Siegloch, German journalist
- May 16 – Robert Fripp, British musician
- May 17 – Udo Lindenberg, German musician
- May 18 – Reggie Jackson, American baseball player
- May 19
- May 20 – Cher, American actress and rock singer
- May 22
- May 23 – Frederik de Groot, Dutch actor
- May 26 – Mick Ronson, English guitarist (d. 1993)
- May 28 – K. Satchidanandan, Malayalam poet
- May 29 – Fernando Buesa, Basque politician (d. 2000)
- May 30 – Candy Lightner, American founder of Mothers Against Drunk Driving
- May 31 – Adriana Bittel, Romanian writer
- June 2
- June 4 – Suzanne Ciani, American pianist and electronic composer
- June 5 – Stefania Sandrelli, Italian actress
- June 7
- June 8 – Pearlette Louisy, Governor-General of St. Lucia
- June 10 – Fernando Balzaretti, Mexican actor (d. 1998)
- June 13 – Paul L. Modrich, American biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry
- June 14 – Donald Trump, American real estate magnate
- June 15
- June 17 – Marcy Kaptur, U.S. Representative for the Ninth Congressional District of Ohio
- June 18
- June 20 – Xanana Gusmão, first President of East Timor
- June 22
- June 23 – Ted Shackelford, American actor
- June 24
- June 26 – Maria von Welser, German TV journalist and President of UNICEF Germany
- June 28 – Gilda Radner, American comedienne and actress (d. 1989)
- June 29
- July 1
- July 2 – Richard Axel, American scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
- July 3 – Leszek Miller, Prime Minister of Poland
- July 4
- July 6
- July 9
- July 10 – Sue Lyon, American actress
- July 11 – Jack Wrangler, American porn star (d. 2009)
- July 13 – Cheech Marin, American actor and comedian
- July 14 – John Wood, Australian actor
- July 15 – Linda Ronstadt, American singer and songwriter
- July 16
- July 17 – Alun Armstrong, English actor
- July 19 – Ilie Năstase, Romanian tennis player
- July 22
- July 23 – Sally Flynn, American singer
- July 25 – Rita Marley, Jamaican singer
- July 29 – Ximena Armas, Chilean painter
- July 30 – Neil Bonnett, American race car driver (d. 1994)
- August 1
- August 3 – Jack Straw, English politician
- August 5 – Ron Silliman, American poet
- August 9 – Jim Kiick, American football player
- August 12 – Terry Nutkins, English naturalist (d. 2012)
- August 13 – Janet Yellen, American Chair of the Federal Reserve
- August 16 – Lesley Ann Warren, American actress and singer
- August 17 – Drake Levin, né Levinshefski, American rock guitarist (Paul Revere & the Raiders)
- August 19
- August 20
- August 23 – Keith Moon, English rock drummer (The Who) (d. 1978)
- August 24 – John Grahl, British economist
- August 25
- August 26
- August 29
- September 1
- September 2
- September 3 – Francisco Trois, Brazilian chess player
- September 4
- September 5
- September 7
- September 8 – Aziz Sancar, Turkish biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry
- September 9
- September 10
- September 15
- September 18 – Akira Kamiya, Japanese voice actor
- September 19 – Connie Kreski, American model (d. 1995)
- September 21
- September 23 – Franz Fischler, Austrian politician
- September 24 – Lars Emil Johansen, Prime Minister of Greenland
- September 25
- September 26
- September 28 – Jeffrey Jones, American actor
- September 30
- October 1 – Tim O'Brien, American author
- October 2
- October 3 – P. P. Arnold, American singer
- October 4 – Susan Sarandon, American actress
- October 6
- October 7
- October 8
- October 9 – Tansu Çiller, Turkish politician
- October 10
- October 11
- October 13
- October 14
- October 15
- October 16
- October 17
- October 18
- October 19 – Philip Pullman, English author
- October 20
- October 21 – Lyn Allison, Australian politician
- October 22 – Eileen Gordon, British politician
- October 25 – Edith Leyrer, Austrian actress
- October 26 – Pat Sajak, American game-show host
- October 27
- October 28 – Sharon Thesen, Canadian poet
- October 29 – Kathryn J. Whitmire, Texas politician; Mayor of Houston, Texas
- October 30
- October 31 – Stephen Rea, Northern Irish actor
- November 1
- November 2 – Giuseppe Sinopoli, Italian conductor and composer (d. 2001)
- November 4
- November 5
- November 6 – Sally Field, American actress and singer
- November 7 – Diane Francis, Canadian journalist
- November 8
- November 10 – Alaina Reed Hall, American actress (d. 2009)
- November 11 – Corrine Brown, American politician
- November 12 – P. P. Arnold, English singer
- November 13 – Ohara Reiko, Japanese actress
- November 14 – Carola Dunn, English writer
- November 15
- November 16
- November 17 – Petra Burka, Canadian figure skater
- November 18 – Andrea Allan, Scottish actress
- November 20
- November 21
- November 22 – Anne Wheeler, Canadian television and film director
- November 23 – Diana Quick, English actress
- November 24 – Ted Bundy, American serial killer (d. 1989)
- November 25 – Marika Lindström, Swedish actress
- November 26 – Ottilia Borbáth, Romanian-Hungarian actress
- November 27 – Nina Maslova, Russian actress
- November 28 – Regina Braga, Brazilian actress
- November 29
- November 30
- December 2 – Gianni Versace, Italian fashion designer (d. 1997)
- December 3
- December 4
- December 5
- December 6
- December 8
- December 9 – Sonia Gandhi, Indian politician
- December 10
- December 11
- December 12
- December 13 – Nicholas Kollerstrom, British writer
- December 14
- December 16
- December 17
- December 18
- December 19
- December 20
- December 21
- December 23
- December 24
- December 25
- December 27
- December 28 – Edgar Winter, American rock musician
- December 29
- December 30
- December 31 – Diane von Fürstenberg, Belgian-American fashion designer
- Tyler Burge, American philosopher
- Jacques Hiron, French journalist and writer
- Ada Mee, German artist
- Kebby Musokotwane, Prime Minister of Zambia (d. 1996)
- Afsaneh Najmabadi, Iranian historian and gender theorist
- Pete Price, Merseyside radio disc jockey
- Rhie Won-bok, South Korean artist
- January 3 – William Joyce, Irish-American World War II Nazi propaganda broadcaster (known as "Lord Haw-Haw"; b. 1906)
- January 4 – George Woolf, Canadian jockey (b. 1910)
- January 5 – Kitty Cheatham, American singer (b. 1864)
- January 6 – Slim Summerville, American actor (b. 1892)
- January 8 – Dion Fortune, British writer (b. 1890)
- January 9 – Countee Cullen, American poet (b. 1903)
- January 10 – Harry Von Tilzer, American songwriter (b. 1872)
- January 13 – Wilhelm Souchon, German admiral (b. 1864)
- January 15 – Karl Nabersberg, German youth leader (b. 1908)
- January 29 – Harry Hopkins, American politician (b. 1890)
- February 2 – Rondo Hatton, American actor (b. 1894)
- February 5 – George Arliss, English actor (b. 1868)
- February 6 – Oswald Kabasta, Austrian conductor (suicide) (b. 1896 )
- February 8
- February 15 – Cornelius Johnson, American athlete (b. 1913)
- February 17 – Dorothy Gibson, American actress (b. 1889)
- February 19 – Rafael Erich, Prime Minister of Finland (b. 1879)
- February 23 – Tomoyuki Yamashita, Japanese general (b. 1885)
- February 25 – René Le Grèves, French cyclist (b. 1910)
- March 2 – George E. Stewart, American Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1872)
- March 4 – Bror von Blixen-Finecke, Danish big-game hunter (b. 1886)
- March 14 – Werner von Blomberg, German field marshal (b. 1878)
- March 23 – Gilbert N. Lewis, American chemist (b. 1875)
- March 24 – Alexander Alekhine, Russian chess player (b. 1892)
- March 31 – John Vereker, 6th Viscount Gort, British Field Marshal (b. 1886)
- April 1
- April 2 – Kate Bruce, veteran silent screen actress, made many films with D. W. Griffith (b. 1858)
- April 3
- April 5 – Vincent Youmans, American composer (b. 1898)
- April 8 – Qin Bangxian, General Secretary of the Communist Party of China (b. 1907)
- April 14 – Otto Dowling, United States Navy Captain and the 25th Governor of American Samoa (b. 1881)
- April 20 – Mae Busch, American actress (b. 1891)
- April 21 – John Maynard Keynes, British economist (b. 1883)
- April 22
- May 1 – Bill Johnston, American tennis champion (b. 1894)
- May 16
- May 19 – Booth Tarkington, American novelist (b. 1869)
- May 20 – Jacob Ellehammer, Danish inventor (b. 1871)
- May 31 – Picoğlu Osman, Turkish kemenche player (b. 1901)
- June 1
- June 3 – Chen Gongbo, 2nd President of Republic of China during Nanjing regime (executed) (b. 1892)
- June 5 – Maud Watson, English tennis player, first female Wimbledon champion (b. 1864)
- June 6 – Gerhart Hauptmann, German writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1862)
- June 9 – Ananda Mahidol, King of Siam (b. 1925)
- June 10 – Jack Johnson, African-American boxer (b. 1878)
- June 13 – Charles Butterworth, American actor (b. 1896)
- June 14
- June 19 – Theodor Wulf, German physicist and Jesuit (b. 1868)
- June 20 – Empress Wanrong China (b. 1906)
- June 23 – William S. Hart, stage actor and silent film cowboy star (b. 1864/1865)
- June 27 – Wanda Gág, American artist, author, translator and illustrator (b. 1893)
- June 28 – Antoinette Perry, American actress and director (b. 1888)
- July – Howard Hyde Russell, Founder, Anti-Saloon League (b. 1855)
- July 2 – Mary Alden, American stage & screen actress (b. 1883)
- July 4
- Jenny-Wanda Barkmann, German Nazi overseer at Stutthof concentration camp (b. ca. 1922)
- Elisabeth Becker, German Nazi overseer at Stutthof concentration camp (b. 1923)
- Wanda Klaff, German Nazi overseer at Stutthof concentration camp (b. 1922)
- Ewa Paradies, German Nazi overseer at Stutthof concentration camp (b. 1920)
- Gerda Steinhoff, German Nazi overseer at Stutthof concentration camp (b. 1922)
- July 8 – Orrick Glenday Johns, American writer (b. 1887)
- July 12 – Ray Stannard Baker, American journalist and author (b. 1870)
- July 13 – Alfred Stieglitz, American photographer (b. 1864)
- July 15 – Razor Smith, English cricketer (b. 1877)
- July 17 – Campbell Tait, Governor of Southern Rhodesia (b. 1886)
- July 20 – Shiro Kawase, Japanese admiral (b. 1889)
- July 27 – Gertrude Stein, American writer (b. 1874)
- August 5 – Wilhelm Marx, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1863)
- August 6
- August 9 – Léon Gaumont, French film pioneer (b. 1864)
- August 12 – Inayatullah Khan, former King of Afghanistan (b. 1888)
- August 13 – H. G. Wells, English science fiction writer and historian (b. 1866)
- August 20 – "Rags" Ragland, American comedian and actor (b. 1905)
- August 26 – Jeanie MacPherson, American actress (b. 1887)
- August 28 – Florence Turner, American actress (b. 1885)
- August 29 – John Steuart Curry, American painter (b. 1897)
- September 16 – James Hopwood Jeans, English physicist, astronomer and mathematician (b. 1877)
- September 17 – Frank Burke, American baseball player (b. 1880)
- September 25 – Heinrich George, German actor (b. 1893)
- September 29 – Raimu, French actor (b. 1883)
- September 30 – Takashi Sakai, Japanese general (b. 1887)
- October 2 – Ignacy Mościcki, former President of Poland (b. 1867)
- October 4 – Barney Oldfield, American race car driver and automobile pioneer (b. 1878)
- October 6 – Per Albin Hansson, Prime Minister of Sweden (b. 1885)
- October 12 – Joseph Stilwell, American World War II general (b. 1883)
- October 15 – Hermann Göring, German Nazi Reichsmarschall (suicide) (b. 1893)
- October 16
- Hans Frank, German Nazi Governor General of Poland (executed) (b. 1900)
- Wilhelm Frick, German Nazi Minister of the Interior (executed) (b. 1877)
- Alfred Jodl, German general and World War II Chief of the German armed forces (executed) (b. 1890)
- Ernst Kaltenbrunner, German Nazi police general (executed) (b. 1903)
- Wilhelm Keitel, German field marshal (executed) (b. 1882)
- Joachim von Ribbentrop, German Nazi foreign minister (executed) (b. 1893)
- Alfred Rosenberg, German Nazi ideologist (executed) (b. 1893)
- Fritz Sauckel, German Nazi general plenipotentiary (executed) (b. 1892)
- Arthur Seyss-Inquart, Austrian Nazi leader (executed) (b. 1892)
- Julius Streicher, German Nazi propaganda publisher (executed) (b. 1885)
- November 5 – Joseph Stella, Italian-American painter (b. 1877)
- November 7 – Henry Lehrman, American actor (b. 1886)
- November 11 – Nikolay Burdenko, Russian surgeon, founder of Russian neurosurgery (b. 1876)
- November 14 – Manuel de Falla, Spanish composer (b. 1876)
- November 18 – Donald Meek, Scottish actor (b. 1878)
- November 24 – László Moholy-Nagy, Hungarian painter and photographer (b. 1895)
- November 25 – George Gandy, American entrepreneur (b. 1851)
- December 5 – Louis Dewis, Belgian Post-Impressionist painter (b. 1872)
- December 7
- December 10
- December 12 – Renée Falconetti, French actress (b. 1892)
- December 13 – Curtis Hidden Page, New Hampshire politician (b. 1870)
- December 14 – Tom Dowse, Irish major league baseball player in the 1890s (b. 1866)
- December 23 – John A. Sampson, American gynecologist (b. 1873)
- December 25
- December 28 – Carrie Jacobs-Bond, American singer and songwriter (b. 1862)
- Physics – Percy Williams Bridgman
- Chemistry – James B. Sumner, John Howard Northrop, Wendell Meredith Stanley
- Physiology or Medicine – Hermann Joseph Muller
- Literature – Hermann Hesse
- Peace – Emily Greene Balch, John Mott