1946 U.S. Open (golf)

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1946 U.S. Open
Tournament information
Dates June 12–16, 1946
Location Beachwood, Ohio
Course(s) Canterbury Golf Club
Organized by USGA
Tour(s) PGA Tour
Statistics
Par 72
Length 6,921 yards (6,329 m)[1]
Field 168 players, 62 after cut
Cut 151 (+7)
Prize fund $8,000[2]
Winner's share $1,833 [3]
Champion
United States Lloyd Mangrum
284 (–4), playoff
CanterburyGolf Club is located in USA
CanterburyGolf Club
Canterbury
Golf Club
Location in United States

The 1946 U.S. Open was the 46th U.S. Open, held June 12–16 at Canterbury Golf Club in Beachwood, Ohio, a suburb east of Cleveland. In the first U.S. Open since 1941, Lloyd Mangrum, a World War II veteran and recipient of two Purple Hearts, defeated Byron Nelson and Vic Ghezzi in 36 playoff holes to win his only major title.

Nelson possibly cost himself the championship in the third round when his caddie accidentally kicked his ball and he was assessed a stroke penalty.[4] Two months after the championship, Nelson announced his retirement from the tour at age 34, though he continued to play at the Masters through 1966. He also played twice again at the U.S. Open (1949 and 1955), and once at the British Open in 1955.

The purse was $8,000 and the winner's share was $1,500.[2] The three participants received a playoff bonus of $333 each.[3]

This was the last playoff at the U.S. Open that ended in a tie without sudden-death. The next dozen 18-hole full round playoffs determined a winner without the need for extra holes. The first time sudden-death was used for the 91st hole was in 1990, Hale Irwin's third title. It was needed again in 1994 and 2008.

This was the second U.S. Open at Canterbury in six years; the 1940 edition was won by Lawson Little. It later hosted the PGA Championship in 1973, won by Jack Nicklaus.

Final round

Saturday, June 15, 1946
Nelson began the final round with the lead over Mangrum and Ghezzi. Ghezzi was the first to finish and carded a 72 and a 284 total. Nelson and Mangrum were playing together, and Nelson had a two-stroke advantage with three holes remaining. But after bogeys at his final two holes, combined with two pars by Mangrum, Nelson fell back into a tie and forced a three-way playoff.[5]

Place Player Country Score To par Money ($)
T1 Lloyd Mangrum  United States 74-70-68-72=284 –4 Playoff
Vic Ghezzi  United States 71-69-72-72=284
Byron Nelson  United States 71-71-69-73=284
T4 Herman Barron  United States 72-72-72-69=285 –3 550
Ben Hogan  United States 72-68-73-72=285
T6 Jimmy Demaret  United States 71-74-73-68=286 –2 350
Ed Oliver  United States 71-71-74-70=286
T8 Chick Harbert  United States 72-78-67-70=287 –1 225
Dick Metz  United States 76-70-72-69=287
T10 Dutch Harrison  United States 75-71-72-70=288 E 175
Lawson Little  United States 72-69-76-71=288

Playoff

Sunday, June 16, 1946
All three players shot even-par 72 during the first 18 holes on Sunday morning, which forced another 18-hole playoff in the afternoon, as there was no sudden-death playoff at the time. At the 9th, Mangrum nearly shot himself out of contention with an out of bounds tee shot, but a 70-foot (21 m) putt for bogey allowed him to minimize the damage. Nelson and Ghezzi were tied at the turn, with Mangrum two back. But Mangrum then collected two birdies, while Nelson bogeyed 13 and Ghezzi recorded bogeys at 14 and 15. Mangrum took a two-stroke lead with a birdie at 16, and despite a bogey-bogey finish, his 72 was good enough to hold off Nelson and Ghezzi by a stroke.[1]

Place Player Country Score To par Money ($)
1 Lloyd Mangrum  United States 72-72=144 E 1,833
T2 Byron Nelson  United States 72-73=145 +1 1,208
Vic Ghezzi  United States 72-73=145
  • Prize money includes $333 playoff bonus for each.

Scorecards

Morning round

Hole  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9  10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
Par 4 4 3 4 4 5 3 4 5 4 3 4 5 4 4 5 3 4
United States Mangrum E E –1 E –1 –1 –2 –2 –2 –2 –2 –3 –2 –1 –1 –1 E E
United States Nelson E –1 –1 –1 –1 E E E E +1 +1 +1 E E E E E E
United States Ghezzi E E –1 –1 –2 –2 –1 –1 –2 –2 –2 –1 –2 –2 –1 E E E

Afternoon round

Hole  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9  10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
Par 4 4 3 4 4 5 3 4 5 4 3 4 5 4 4 5 3 4
United States Mangrum –1 E E E –1 –1 –1 –1 E E E +1 E E –1 –2 –1 E
United States Nelson E E E E E –1 –2 –2 –2 –2 –1 –1 E E E E +1 +1
United States Ghezzi E E E E E –1 –1 –1 –2 –2 –1 –2 –2 –1 E E E +1

Source:[3][1]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Sixty, Billy (June 17, 1946). "Mangrum wins 'Open' title in play-off in heavy storm". Milwaukee Journal. p. 4-L.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. 2.0 2.1 "U.S. Open history: 1946". USGA. Retrieved June 25, 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Cavagnaro, Bob (June 17, 1946). "Lloyd Mangrum captures national open; beats Nelson, Ghezzi in 36-hole playoff". Youngstown Vindicator. Associated Press. p. 10.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. Fraley, Oscar (June 16, 1946). "Nelson, Mangrum, Ghezzi tie for National Open title". Eugene Register-Guard. Oregon. United Press. p. 10.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. Sixty, Billy (June 16, 1946). "Nelson, Mangrum and Ghezzi tie in U.S. Open". Milwaukee Journal. p. 1-sec. III.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links

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