1947 in the United States
From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core
|1947 in the United States|
|Years:||1944 1945 1946 – 1947 – 1948 1949 1950|
48 stars (1912–59)
Events from the year 1947 in the United States.
- 1 Incumbents
- 2 Events
- 3 Births
- 4 Deaths
- 5 References
- 6 External links
- President: Harry S. Truman (D-Missouri)
- Vice President: vacant
- Chief Justice: Fred M. Vinson (originally now residing in from of the U.S. state of Kentucky)
- Speaker of the House of Representatives: Sam Rayburn (D-Texas) (until January 3), Joseph William Martin, Jr. (R-Massachusetts) (starting January 3)
- Senate Majority Leader: Alben W. Barkley (D-Kentucky) (until January 3), Wallace H. White, Jr. (R-Maine) (starting January 3)
- Congress: 79th (until January 3), 80th (starting January 3)
- January 15 – Elizabeth Short, an aspiring actress nicknamed the "Black Dahlia", is found brutally murdered in a vacant lot in Los Angeles. The case remains unsolved to this day.
- February 3 – Percival Prattis becomes the first African-American news correspondent allowed in the United States House of Representatives and Senate press galleries.
- February 17 – Cold War: The Voice of America begins to transmit radio broadcasts into Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union.
- February 20
- An explosion at the O'Connor Electro-Plating Company in Los Angeles, California, leaves 17 dead, 100 buildings damaged, and a 22-foot-deep (6.7 m) crater in the ground.
- Ordnance Corps Hermes project V-2 rocket Blossom I launched into space carrying plant material and fruitflies, the first animals to enter space.
- February 21 – In New York City, Edwin Land demonstrates the first "instant camera", his Polaroid Land Camera, to a meeting of the Optical Society of America.
- February 28 – The United States grants France a military base in Casablanca.
- March 6 – The USS Newport News, the first completely air-conditioned warship, is launched in Newport News, Virginia.
- March 19 – The 19th Academy Awards ceremony is held. The movie Best Years of Our Lives wins the Academy Award for Best Picture, along with several other Academy Awards.
- March 25 – A coal mine explosion in Centralia, Illinois, kills 111 miners.
- April 1 – Jackie Robinson, the first African American baseball professional since the 1880s, signs a contract with the Brooklyn Dodgers.
- April 9 – Multiple tornadoes strike Texas, Oklahoma, and Kansas killing 181 and injuring 970.
- April 15 – Jackie Robinson becomes the first African American to play Major League Baseball since the 1880s.
- April 16
- Texas City Disaster: The ammonium nitrate cargo of French-registered Liberty ship SS Grandcamp explodes in Texas City, Texas, killing at least 581, including all but one member of the city fire department, injuring at least 5,000 and destroying 20 city blocks. Of the dead, remains of 113 are never found and 63 are unidentifiable.
- American financier and presidential adviser Bernard Baruch describes the post–World War II tensions between the Soviet Union and the United States as a "Cold War".
- April 26 – Academy-Award winning Tom and Jerry cartoon, The Cat Concerto, is released to theatres.
- May 22 – Cold War: In an effort to fight the spread of Communism, President Harry S. Truman signs an Act of Congress that implements the Truman Doctrine. This Act grants $400 million in military and economic aid to Turkey and Greece.
- May 22 – David Lean's film Great Expectations, based on the novel by Charles Dickens, opens in the United States. Critics call it the finest film ever made from a Charles Dickens novel.
- June 5 – Secretary of State George Marshall outlines the Marshall Plan for American reconstruction and relief aid to Europe.
- June 21 – Seaman Harold Dahl claims to have seen six UFOs near Maury Island in Puget Sound, Washington. On the next morning, Dahl reports the first modern so-called "Men in Black" encounter.
- June 23 – The United States Senate follows the House of Representatives in overriding President Harry S. Truman's veto of the Taft-Hartley Act.
- June 24 – Kenneth Arnold makes the first widely reported UFO sighting near Mount Rainier, Washington.
- July 7 – A supposedly downed extraterrestrial spacecraft is reportedly found in the Roswell UFO incident, near Roswell, New Mexico, which has been written about by Stanton T. Friedman and many others.
- July 18 – President Harry S. Truman signs the Presidential Succession Act into law, which places the Speaker of the House and the President Pro Tempore of the Senate next in the line of succession after the United States Vice President.
- July 26 – Cold War: U.S. President Harry S. Truman signs the National Security Act of 1947 into law, creating the Central Intelligence Agency, the Department of Defense, the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and the National Security Council.
- August 29 - US announces the discovery of plutonium fission, suitable for nuclear power generation.
- September 17–21 – The 1947 Fort Lauderdale Hurricane in southeastern Florida, and also in Alabama, Mississippi, and Louisiana, causes widespread damage and kills 51 people.
- September 17 – Office of Indian Affairs renamed Bureau of Indian Affairs.
- September 18 – Most provisions of the National Security Act go into effect, reorganizing the military to form the National Military Establishment (later the Department of Defense) with subordinate Departments of the Army, Navy, and Air Force; creating the Central Intelligence Agency and the National Security Council; and establishing the Secretary of Defense.
- September 26 – U.S. Air Force is made a separate branch of the military.
- October–November – Great Fires of 1947: Forest fires in Maine consume more than 200,000 acres of wooded land statewide, including over 17,000 acres on Mount Desert Island alone. 16 persons are killed and more than 1,000 homes destroyed in the blazes, with total property damage exceeding $23 million.
- October - The House Un-American Activities Committee begins its investigations into communism in Hollywood.
- October 6 - World Series games are broadcast on television for the first time.
- October 14 – The United States Air Force test pilot Captain Chuck Yeager flies a Bell X-1 rocket plane faster than the speed of sound, the first time that this has been accomplished in level flight, or climbing.
- October 20 – Pakistan establishes diplomatic relations with the United States.
- November 1 – U.S. Caribbean Command.
- November 2 – In California, the designer and airplane pilot Howard Hughes performs the maiden flight of the Spruce Goose, the largest fixed-wing aircraft ever built. (The flight lasts only eight minutes, and the "Spruce Goose" is never flown again.)
- November 6 – The program Meet the Press makes its television debut on the NBC-TV network in the United States.
- November 24 – Red Scare: The U.S. House of Representatives votes 346–17 to approve citations of Contempt of Congress against the so-called Hollywood 10, after the ten men refuse to co-operate with the House Un-American Activities Committee concerning allegations of communist influences in the movie business. (The ten men are blacklisted by the Hollywood movie studios on the following day).
- December 3 – The Tennessee Williams play A Streetcar Named Desire opens in a Broadway theater.
- December 6 – Arturo Toscanini conducts a concert performance of the first half of Giuseppe Verdi's opera Otello, which was based on William Shakespeare's play Othello, for a broadcast on NBC Radio. The second half of the opera is broadcast a week later.
- December 22 – The first practical electronic transistor is demonstrated by John Bardeen and Walter Brattain working under William Shockley at AT&T's Bell Labs.
This section requires expansion. (November 2011)
- January 1 – Jon Corzine, U.S. Senator from New Jersey from 2001 to 2006.
- January 5 – Mike DeWine, U.S. Senator from Ohio from 1995 to 2007.
- January 19 – Ann Compton, American journalist
- January 23 – Tom Carper, U.S. Senator from Delaware from 2001.
- January 24 – Michio Kaku, theoretical physicist and science popularizer.
- January 26 – Mark Dayton, Governor of Minnesota since 2011 and U.S. Senator from Minnesota from 2001 to 2007.
- January 28 – Jeanne Shaheen, U.S. Senator from New Hampshire.
- January 29 – Linda B. Buck, biologist, winner of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
- February 2 – Jessica Savitch, television news journalist (d. 1983)
- February 4 – Dan Quayle, United States Senator from Indiana from 1981 till 1989.
- February 7 – Wayne Allwine, voice actor (d. 2009)
- February 8 – John Roll, Federal Judge and murder victim (d. 2011)
- February 14 – Judd Gregg, United States Senator from New Hampshire from 1993 till 2011.
- February 21 – Olympia Snowe, United States Senator from Maine from 1995 till 2013.
- March 5 – Ottis Toole, murderer (d. 1996)
- March 12 - Mitt Romney, governor of Massachusetts from 2003 to 2007.
- March 19 - Glenn Close, actress
- May 2 – Terry Tarnoff, writer
- June 6 - Robert Englund, actor, director and singer
- August 16 – Carol Moseley-Braun, United States Senator from Illinois from 1993 till 1999.
- August 24 – Joe Manchin, United States Senator from West Virginia since 2010.
- October 24 - Kevin Kline, actor
- October 26 – Hillary Rodham Clinton, First Lady of the United States, 67th Secretary of State, United States Senator from New York from 2001 till 2009 and wife of Bill Clinton
- October 29 - Richard Dreyfuss, actor
- November 3 – Mazie Hirono, United States Senator from Hawaii since 2013.
- November 12 – Ron Bryant, baseball player
- November 13
- December 9 – Tom Daschle, United States Senator from South Dakota from 1987 till 2005.
- January 3 – Gus Wickie, singer and voice actor (b. 1885)
- January 10 – Arthur E. Andersen, accountant (b. 1885)
- January 14 – Bill Hewitt, football player (Chicago Bears) and member of Pro Football Hall of Fame (b. 1909)
- January 16
- January 20
- January 25 – Al Capone, gangster (b. 1899)
- January 26 – Grace Moore, operatic soprano, in plane crash (b. 1898)
- February 12
- March 8 – Victor Potel, character actor and comedian (b. 1889)
- March 12 – Winston Churchill, novelist (b. 1871)
- March 18 – William C. Durant, automobile pioneer (b. 1861)
- March 21 – Homer Lusk Collyer, hermit brother (Collyer brothers) (b. 1881)
- March 28 – Johnny Evers, baseball player (Chicago Cubs) and member of MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1881)
- April 7 – Henry Ford, automobile manufacturer (b. 1863)
- April 8 – Langley Collyer, hermit brother (b. 1885)
- April 10 – John Ince, actor (b. 1878)
- April 24 – Willa Cather, novelist (b. 1873)
- May 6 – Louise Homer, operatic contralto (b. 1871)
- May 8 – Harry Gordon Selfridge, department store magnate (b. 1858)
- May 14 – John R. Sinnock, eighth Chief Engraver of the United States Mint (b. 1888)
- May 18 – Lucile Gleason, actress (b. 1888)
- May 30 – Baron Georg von Trapp, Austrian naval officer, patriarch of the Von Trapp Family Singers (b. 1880)
- May 31 – Adrienne Ames, actress (b. 1907)
- June 9 – J. Warren Kerrigan, actor (b. 1879)
- June 11 – Richard Hönigswald, Hungarian-born philosopher (b. 1875)
- June 17 – Maxwell Perkins, literary editor (b. 1884)
- June 20 – Bugsy Siegel, gangster (b. 1906)
- June 22 – Jim Tully, vagabond, pugilist and writer (b. 1891)
- July 12 – Jimmie Lunceford, African-American jazz saxophonist and bandleader, of cardiac arrest (b. 1902)
- July 15
- August 3 – Vic Willis, baseball player (Boston Braves) and member of MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1876)
- September 1 – Frederick Russell Burnham, father of the international Scouting movement (b. 1861)
- September 18 – Bert Kalmar, lyricist (b. 1884)
- September 20
- September 21 – Harry Carey, film actor (b. 1878)
- October 1
- October 3 – Ernest L. Riebau, politician (b. 1895)
- October 17 – John Halliday, actor (b. 1880)
- October 29 – Frances Cleveland, First Lady, wife of President Grover Cleveland (b. 1864)
- November 3 – John Gilbert Winant, politician and diplomat, suicide (b. 1889)
- November 20 – Walter J. Mathews, California architect (b. 1850)
- November 28 – W. E. Lawrence, silent film actor (b. 1896)
- December 7 – Nicholas Murray Butler, polymath, president of Columbia University and recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1862)
- Media related to 1947 in the United States at Wikimedia Commons