1948 Republican National Convention
|1948 presidential election
Dewey and Warren
|Date(s)||June 21–June 25, 1948|
|Presidential nominee||Thomas E. Dewey of New York|
|Vice Presidential nominee||Earl Warren of California|
New York Governor Thomas E. Dewey had paved the way to win the Republican presidential nomination in the primary elections, where he had beaten former Minnesota Governor Harold E. Stassen and World War II hero General Douglas MacArthur. In Philadelphia he was nominated on the third ballot over the opposition from die-hard conservative Ohio Senator Robert A. Taft, the future "minister of peace" Stassen, Michigan Senator Arthur Vandenberg, and California Governor Earl Warren. In all Republican conventions since 1948, the nominee has been selected on the first ballot. Warren was nominated for Vice President. The Republican ticket of Dewey and Warren surprisingly went on to lose the general election to the Democratic ticket of Harry S. Truman and Alben W. Barkley. The convention was televised on the East Coast by CBS and NBC.
The party platform formally adopted at the convention included the following points:
- Reduction of the public debt
- Reduction of the inheritance tax
- Labor reform
- Promotion of small business through reduction of governmental intervention and regulation.
- Elimination of unnecessary federal bureaus, and duplication of functions of necessary governmental agencies.
- Federal aid to states for slum clearance and low-cost housing
- Extension of Social Security benefits
- A federal anti-lynching law
- Federal civil rights legislation. Texas delegate Orville Bullington led a successful protest demanding southern representation on the platform panel considering the civil rights proposals.
- Abolition of the poll tax
- A crackdown on domestic Communism
- Recognition of the state of Israel
- International arms control "on basis of reliable disciplines against bad faith".
- The admissions of Alaska, Hawaii, and Puerto Rico as states to the union.
Candidates before the convention
- Businessman Riley A. Bender of Illinois
- Speaker of the House Joseph William Martin, Jr. of Massachusetts
|NY Governor Thomas E. Dewey||434||515||1094|
|OH Senator Robert A. Taft||224||274||0|
|Frm. MN Governor Harold Stassen||157||149||0|
|MI Senator and President pro tem Arthur Vandenberg||62||62||0|
|CA Governor Earl Warren||59||57||0|
|House Speaker Joseph Martin||18||10||0|
|General Douglas MacArthur||11||7||0|
Dewey had a long list of potential running-mates, including the option of reselecting his 1944 running mate Senator John Bricker of Ohio or choosing someone else in Congressman Charles Halleck of Indiana, and former-Governor Harold Stassen of Minnesota. Dewey however, chose two-term California Governor Earl Warren as his running-mate; Warren was nominated unopposed.
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