1955 in spaceflight

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1955 in spaceflight
230px
The X-17 made its maiden flight in 1955

This is a list of spaceflight related events which occurred in 1955.

Launches

Date and time (UTC) Rocket Launch site LSP
Payload Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks

January

20 January Soviet UnionR-5M Pobeda Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 20 January Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
25 January GermanySoviet UnionR-1E Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Biological 25 January Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
28 January GermanySoviet UnionR-1 Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 28 January Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
29 January GermanySoviet UnionR-1 Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 29 January Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
January Soviet UnionR-5 Pobeda Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
Soviet UnionLKI-III OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test   Successful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)
January Soviet UnionR-5 Pobeda Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
Soviet UnionLKI-III OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test   Successful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)
January Soviet UnionR-5 Pobeda Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
Soviet UnionLKI-III OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test   Successful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)
January Soviet UnionR-11 Zemlya Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test   Unknown
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)

February

3 February GermanySoviet UnionR-1 Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 3 February Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
4 February
21:55
United StatesViking United StatesWhite Sands NLA-1 United StatesUS Navy
United StatesViking 12 NRL Suborbital REV test 4 February Successful
Apogee: 231 kilometres (144 mi)
5 February GermanySoviet UnionR-1E Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Biological 5 February Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
7 February
18:51
United StatesAerobee RTV-A-1a United StatesHolloman LC-A United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force/Utah Suborbital 7 February Successful
Apogee: 120 kilometres (75 mi)
7 February Soviet UnionR-5 Pobeda Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
Soviet UnionLKI-III OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test   Successful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)
7 February GermanySoviet UnionR-1 Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 7 February Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
21 February
18:25
United StatesAerobee RTV-N-10c United StatesWhite Sands LC-35 United StatesUS Navy
United StatesSunfollower NRL Suborbital 21 February Successful
Apogee: 115 kilometres (71 mi)
February Soviet UnionR-5M Pobeda Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test   Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
February Soviet UnionR-5M Pobeda Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test   Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
February Soviet UnionR-11 Zemlya Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test   Unknown
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)

March

19 March
06:00
United StatesAerobee RTV-N-10 United StatesWhite Sands LC-35 United StatesUS Navy
United StatesAirglow NRL Suborbital 19 March Successful
Apogee: 115 kilometres (71 mi)
29 March
16:47
United StatesAerobee RTV-A-1a United StatesHolloman LC-A United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital 29 March Successful
Apogee: 112 kilometres (70 mi)
March Soviet UnionR-5M Pobeda Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test   Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
March Soviet UnionR-5M Pobeda Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test   Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)

April

8 April
15:19
United StatesNike-Deacon United StatesWallops Island United StatesUS Air Force
United StatesDAN-1 US Air Force Suborbital Test flight 8 April Successful
Apogee: 108 kilometres (67 mi)
8 April United StatesNike-Nike-Tri-Deacon-T40 United StatesWallops Island United StatesPARD
PARD Suborbital Thermodynamics 8 April Launch failure
Apogee: 18 kilometres (11 mi)
8 April GermanySoviet UnionR-1 Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 8 April Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
9 April GermanySoviet UnionR-1 Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 9 April Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
12 April GermanySoviet UnionR-1 Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 12 April Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
15 April GermanySoviet UnionR-1 Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 15 April Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
21 April
15:58
United StatesAerobee-150 (Hi) United StatesHolloman LC-A United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Test flight 29 March Successful
Apogee: 198 kilometres (123 mi), maiden flight of Aerobee-150 (Aerobee-Hi)
April Soviet UnionR-5M Pobeda Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test   Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
April Soviet UnionR-5M Pobeda Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test   Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)

May

21 May Soviet UnionR-11FM Zemlya Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 21 May Successful
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)
May Soviet UnionR-5M Pobeda Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test   Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
May Soviet UnionR-5M Pobeda Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test   Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
May Soviet UnionR-11FM Zemlya Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test   Successful
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)
May Soviet UnionR-11FM Zemlya Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test   Successful
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)
May Soviet UnionR-11FM Zemlya Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test   Successful
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)

June

6 June Soviet UnionR-5M Pobeda Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 6 June Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
16 June
01:11
United StatesAerobee AJ10-27 United StatesHolloman LC-A United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital 16 June Successful
Apogee: 203 kilometres (126 mi)
18 June GermanySoviet UnionR-1 Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 18 June Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
22 June Soviet UnionR-5M Pobeda Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 22 June Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
23 June
12:40
United StatesAerobee-150 (Hi) United StatesHolloman LC-A United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Test flight 23 June Launch failure
Apogee: 64 kilometres (40 mi)
23 June Soviet UnionR-5M Pobeda Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 23 June Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
24 June
18:04
United StatesNike-Deacon United StatesWallops Island United StatesUS Air Force
United StatesDAN-2 US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy 24 June Successful
Apogee: 105 kilometres (65 mi)
24 June GermanySoviet UnionR-1 Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 24 June Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
June Soviet UnionR-11FM Zemlya Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test   Successful
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)
June Soviet UnionR-11FM Zemlya Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test   Successful
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)
June Soviet UnionR-11FM Zemlya Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test   Successful
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)

July

8 July
08:39
United StatesAerobee RTV-N-10 United StatesWhite Sands LC-35 United StatesUS Navy
NRL Suborbital 8 July Successful
Apogee: 113 kilometres (70 mi)
9 July Soviet UnionR-5M Pobeda Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 9 July Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
25 July GermanySoviet UnionR-1 Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 25 July Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
26 July GermanySoviet UnionR-1 Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 26 July Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
29 July GermanySoviet UnionR-1 Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 29 July Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
30 July Soviet UnionR-11FM Zemlya Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 30 July Successful
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)
July GermanySoviet UnionR-2 Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test   Successful
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)
July Soviet UnionR-5M Pobeda Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test   Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
July Soviet UnionR-11FM Zemlya Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test   Successful
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)
July Soviet UnionR-11FM Zemlya Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test   Successful
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)
July Soviet UnionR-11FM Zemlya Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test   Successful
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)

August

1 August GermanySoviet UnionR-1 Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 1 August Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
9 August Soviet UnionR-5M Pobeda Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 9 August Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
24 August GermanySoviet UnionR-1 Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 24 August Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
25 August
13:00
United StatesAerobee-150 (Hi) United StatesWhite Sands LC-35 United StatesUS Navy
US Air Force Suborbital Test flight 25 August Launch failure
Apogee: 4 kilometres (2.5 mi)
25 August GermanySoviet UnionR-1 Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 25 August Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
August GermanySoviet UnionR-2 Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test   Successful
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)
August Soviet UnionR-5M Pobeda Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test   Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)

September

12 September
14:32
Soviet UnionR-11FM Zemlya Soviet UnionB-67, Beloye More Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 12 September Successful
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)
23 September United StatesX-17 United StatesCape Canaveral LC-3 United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Test flight 23 September Launch failure
Apogee: 5 kilometres (3.1 mi)
23 September
20:34
United StatesLoki Rockoon United StatesUSS Staten Island, AO-12 LP-1 United StatesUS Navy
SUI Suborbital Ionospheric
Aeronomy
23 September Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
24 September
16:35
United StatesDeacon Rockoon United StatesUSS Staten Island, AO-13 LP-2 United StatesUS Navy
SUI Suborbital Ionospheric
Aeronomy
24 September Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
24 September
21:09
United StatesLoki Rockoon United StatesUSS Staten Island, AO-13 LP-3 United StatesUS Navy
SUI Suborbital Ionospheric
Aeronomy
24 September Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
25 September
20:39
United StatesLoki Rockoon United StatesUSS Staten Island, AO-13 LP-4 United StatesUS Navy
SUI Suborbital Ionospheric
Aeronomy
25 September Launch failure
Apogee: 11 kilometres (6.8 mi)
27 September
19:12
United StatesDeacon Rockoon United StatesUSS Staten Island, AO-13 LP-20 United StatesUS Navy
NRL Suborbital Ionospheric
Aeronomy
27 September Launch failure
Apogee: 11 kilometres (6.8 mi)
27 September
20:54
United StatesDeacon Rockoon United StatesUSS Staten Island, AO-13 LP-5 United StatesUS Navy
SUI Suborbital Ionospheric
Aeronomy
27 September Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
28 September
01:13
United StatesLoki Rockoon United StatesUSS Staten Island, AO-13 LP-6 United StatesUS Navy
SUI Suborbital Ionospheric
Aeronomy
28 September Launch failure
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
28 September
14:54
United StatesDeacon Rockoon United StatesUSS Staten Island, AO-13 LP-7 United StatesUS Navy
SUI Suborbital Ionospheric
Aeronomy
28 September Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
28 September
17:40
United StatesDeacon Rockoon United StatesUSS Staten Island, AO-13 LP-22 United StatesUS Navy
NRL Suborbital Ionospheric
Aeronomy
28 September Launch failure
Apogee: 11 kilometres (6.8 mi)
28 September
19:22
United StatesDeacon-Loki Rockoon United StatesUSS Staten Island, AO-13 LP-8 United StatesUS Navy
SUI Suborbital Test flight 28 September Launch failure
Apogee: 102 kilometres (63 mi)
29 September
13:42
United StatesDeacon Rockoon United StatesUSS Staten Island, AO-13 LP-9 United StatesUS Navy
SUI Suborbital Ionospheric
Aeronomy
29 September Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
29 September
19:13
United StatesDeacon Rockoon United StatesUSS Staten Island, AO-13 LP-10 United StatesUS Navy
SUI Suborbital Ionospheric
Aeronomy
29 September Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
29 September
21:52
United StatesDeacon-Loki Rockoon United StatesUSS Staten Island, AO-13 LP-11 United StatesUS Navy
SUI Suborbital Ionospheric
Aeronomy
29 September Launch failure
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
30 September
20:10
United StatesLoki Rockoon United StatesUSS Staten Island, AO-13 LP-12 United StatesUS Navy
SUI Suborbital Ionospheric
Aeronomy
30 September Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
September Soviet UnionR-5M Pobeda Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test   Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
September Soviet UnionR-5M Pobeda Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test   Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
September Soviet UnionR-5M Pobeda Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test   Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)

October

4 October
21:18
United StatesLoki Rockoon United StatesUSS Staten Island, AO-13 LP-13 United StatesUS Navy
SUI Suborbital Ionospheric
Aeronomy
4 October Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
5 October GermanySoviet UnionR-1 Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 5 October Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
6 October
10:45
United StatesDeacon Rockoon United StatesUSS Staten Island, AO-13 LP-23 United StatesUS Navy
NRL Suborbital Ionospheric
Aeronomy
6 October Launch failure
Apogee: 11 kilometres (6.8 mi)
6 October
19:10
United StatesDeacon Rockoon United StatesUSS Staten Island, AO-13 LP-14 United StatesUS Navy
SUI Suborbital Ionospheric
Aeronomy
6 October Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
8 October GermanySoviet UnionR-1 Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 8 October Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
11 October
14:33
United StatesDeacon Rockoon United StatesUSS Staten Island, AO-13 LP-15 United StatesUS Navy
SUI Suborbital Ionospheric
Aeronomy
11 October Launch failure
Apogee: 20 kilometres (12 mi)
13 October
01:00
United StatesAerobee RTV-A-1a United StatesHolloman LC-A United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Sodium release 13 October Successful
Apogee: 101 kilometres (63 mi)
13 October
12:44
United StatesDeacon Rockoon United StatesUSS Staten Island, AO-13 LP-16 United StatesUS Navy
SUI Suborbital Ionospheric
Aeronomy
13 October Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
13 October
13:42
United StatesDeacon Rockoon United StatesUSS Staten Island, AO-13 LP-26 United StatesUS Navy
NRL Suborbital Ionospheric
Aeronomy
13 October Launch failure
Apogee: 50 kilometres (31 mi)
13 October
15:24
United StatesDeacon Rockoon United StatesUSS Staten Island, AO-13 LP-17 United StatesUS Navy
SUI Suborbital Ionospheric
Aeronomy
13 October Launch failure
Apogee: 20 kilometres (12 mi)
13 October
20:13
United StatesDeacon Rockoon United StatesUSS Staten Island, AO-13 LP-18 United StatesUS Navy
SUI Suborbital Ionospheric
Aeronomy
13 October Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
18 October
22:49
United StatesAerobee RTV-N-10c United StatesWhite Sands LC-35 United StatesUS Navy
United StatesAirglow NRL Suborbital Solar 18 October Successful
Apogee: 101 kilometres (63 mi)
22 October
00:20
United StatesAerobee RTV-N-10c United StatesWhite Sands LC-35 United StatesUS Navy
United StatesAirglow NRL Suborbital Solar 22 October Successful
Apogee: 185 kilometres (115 mi)
October Soviet UnionR-5M Pobeda Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test   Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
October Soviet UnionR-5M Pobeda Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test   Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)

November

4 November
15:30
United StatesAerobee RTV-N-10c United StatesWhite Sands LC-35 United StatesUS Navy
United StatesAirglow NRL Suborbital Solar 4 November Successful
Apogee: 135 kilometres (84 mi)
5 November GermanySoviet UnionR-1E Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Biological 5 November Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
17 November
09:15
United StatesAerobee RTV-N-10 United StatesWhite Sands LC-35 United StatesUS Navy
NRL Suborbital 17 November Successful
Apogee: 105 kilometres (65 mi)
19 November Soviet UnionR-5M Pobeda Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 19 November Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
29 November
17:16
United StatesAerobee RTV-N-10 United StatesWhite Sands LC-35 United StatesUS Navy
NRL Suborbital 29 November Successful
Apogee: 132 kilometres (82 mi)
November Soviet UnionR-5M Pobeda Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test   Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
November Soviet UnionR-5M Pobeda Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test   Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)

December

1 December United StatesX-17 United StatesCape Canaveral LC-3 United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Test flight 1 December Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
9 December
14:50
United StatesAerobee-150 (Hi) United StatesWhite Sands LC-35 United StatesUS Navy
US Air Force Suborbital Test flight 9 December Launch failure
19 March
05:00
United StatesAerobee RTV-N-10a United StatesWhite Sands LC-35 United StatesUS Navy
United StatesAirglow NRL Suborbital 13 December Successful
Apogee: 142 kilometres (88 mi)
13 December
17:58
United StatesAerobee AJ10-27 United StatesHolloman LC-A United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Solar 13 December Successful
Apogee: 138 kilometres (86 mi)
30 December Soviet UnionR-11M Zemlya Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 30 December Unknown
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi), maiden flight of R-11M

References

Generic references:

Footnotes