1958 in the United States
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|1958 in the United States|
|Years:||1955 1956 1957 – 1958 – 1959 1960 1961|
48 stars (1912–59)
Events from the year 1958 in the United States.
- President: Dwight D. Eisenhower (R-Kansas/New York)
- Vice President: Richard Nixon (R-California)
- Chief Justice: Earl Warren (originally now residing in from of the U.S. state of California)
- Speaker of the House of Representatives: Sam Rayburn (D-Texas)
- Senate Majority Leader: Lyndon B. Johnson (D-Texas)
- Congress: 85th
- January 8 – 14-year-old Bobby Fischer wins the United States Chess Championship.
- January 18 – Battle of Hayes Pond: Armed Lumbee Indians confront Klansmen in Maxton, North Carolina.
- January 28 – Hall of Fame baseball player Roy Campanella is involved in an automobile accident that ends his career and leaves him paralyzed.
- January 31 – The first successful American satellite, Explorer 1, is launched into orbit.
- February 5 – The Tybee Bomb, a 7,600 pound (3,500 kg) Mark 15 hydrogen bomb, is lost in the waters off Savannah, Georgia.
- February 11 – Ruth Carol Taylor is the first African American woman hired as a flight attendant. Hired by Mohawk Airlines, her career lasts only six months, due to another discriminatory barrier—the airline's ban on married flight attendants.
- February 20 – A test rocket explodes at Cape Canaveral.
- February 28 – Prestonsburg, Kentucky bus disaster: One of the worst school bus accidents in U.S. history occurs at Prestonsburg, Kentucky; 27 are killed.
- March 8 – The USS Wisconsin is decommissioned, leaving the United States Navy without an active battleship for the first time since 1896 (it is recommissioned October 22, 1988).
- March 11 – 1958 Mars Bluff B-47 nuclear weapon loss incident: A U.S. B-47 bomber accidentally drops an atom bomb on Mars Bluff, South Carolina. Its conventional explosives destroy a house and injure several people, but no nuclear fission occurs.
- March 17 – The United States launches the Vanguard 1 satellite.
- March 19 – Monarch Underwear Company fire in New York.
- March 24 – The U.S. Army inducts Elvis Presley, transforming The King Of Rock & Roll into U.S. private #53310761.
- March 26
- April – Unemployment in Detroit reaches 20%, marking the height of the Recession of 1958 in the United States.
- April 15 – The San Francisco Giants beat the Los Angeles Dodgers 8–0 at San Francisco's Seals Stadium, in the first Major League Baseball regular-season game ever played in California.
- April 21 – A United Airlines DC-7 and U.S. Air Force F-100 Super Sabre fighter jet collide near Las Vegas, Nevada, killing all 49 aboard the two aircraft.
- May 9 – Actor-singer Paul Robeson, whose passport has been reinstated, sings in a sold-out one-man recital at Carnegie Hall. The recital is such a success that Robeson gives another one at Carnegie Hall a few days later. But after these two concerts, Robeson is seldom seen in public in the United States again. His Carnegie Hall concerts are later released on records and on CD.
- May 12 – A formal North American Aerospace Defense Command agreement is signed between the United States and Canada.
- May 13 – During a visit to Caracas, Venezuela, Vice President Richard M. Nixon's car is attacked by anti-American demonstrators.
- May 20 – A Capital Airlines airliner and Air National Guard jet collide near Brunswick, Maryland, killing 12.
- May 23 – Explorer 1 ceases transmission.
- May 30 – The bodies of unidentified soldiers killed in action during World War II and the Korean War are buried at the Tomb of the Unknowns in Arlington National Cemetery.
- June 2 – In San Simeon, California, Hearst Castle opens to the public for guided tours.
- June 17 – The US slams the execution of Imre Nagy as a "shocking act of cruelty".
- July 7 – President Dwight D. Eisenhower signs the Alaska Statehood Act into United States law.
- July 9 – 1958 Lituya Bay megatsunami: A 7.8 Mw strike-slip earthquake in Southeast Alaska causes a landslide that produces a megatsunami. The runup from the waves reached 525 m (1,722 ft) on the rim of Lituya Bay.
- July 15 – During the 1958 Lebanon crisis, 5,000 United States Marines land in the capital Beirut in order to protect the pro-Western government there.
- July 29 – The U.S. Congress formally creates the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).
- August 3 – The nuclear powered submarine USS Nautilus becomes the first vessel to cross the North Pole under water.
- August 17 – The first Thor-Able rocket is launched, carrying Pioneer 0, from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Launch Complex 17. The launch fails due to a first stage malfunction.
- August 18 – Vladimir Nabokov's controversial novel Lolita is published in the United States.
- August 23 – President Dwight D. Eisenhower of the USA signs the Federal Aviation Act of 1958, transferring all authority over aviation in the USA to the newly created Federal Aviation Agency (FAA, later renamed Federal Aviation Administration).
- August 27 – Operation Argus: The United States begins nuclear tests over the South Atlantic.
- October 1 – NASA starts operations and replaces the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics.
- October 11 – Pioneer 1, the second and most successful of the three-project Able space probes, becomes the first spacecraft launched by the newly formed NASA.
- November 23 – Have Gun, Will Travel debuts on American radio.
- December 1 – Our Lady of the Angels School fire: At least 90 students and 3 nuns are killed in a fire at Our Lady of the Angels School in Chicago.
- December 6 – A third Thor-Able rocket launch, carrying the Pioneer 2 probe, is unsuccessful due to a third-stage ignition failure.
- December 9 – The right-wing John Birch Society is founded in the U.S. by Robert W. Welch, Jr., a retired candy manufacturer.
- December 19 – A message from President Dwight D. Eisenhower is broadcast from SCORE, the world's first communications satellite, launched by the U.S. the previous day.
- December 25 – Tchaikovsky's ballet The Nutcracker (the George Balanchine version) is shown on prime-time television in color for the first time, as an episode of the CBS anthology series Playhouse 90.
- December 28 – 1958 NFL Championship Game: The Baltimore Colts beat the New York Giants 23–17 in overtime to win the NFL Championship.
- Based on birth rates (per 1,000 population), the post-war baby boom ends in the United States as an 11-year decline in the birth rate begins (the longest on record in that country).
- Illinois observes the centennial of the Lincoln-Douglas Debates.
- USA, USSR and Great Britain agree to stop testing atomic bombs for 3 years.
- Robert Frank publishes his photographic essay The Americans (in Paris)
- February 17 – Alan Wiggins, American baseball player (d. 1991)
- February 26 – Tim Kaine, United States Senator from Virginia since 2013.
- March 25 – John Ensign, United States Senator from Nevada from 2001 till 2011.
- May 8 – Lovie Smith, American football player and coach
- May 10 – Rick Santorum, United States Senator from Pennsylvania from 1995 till 2007.
- August 20 – Michael Silka, spree killer (died 1984)
- August 28 – Colm Feore, American-Canadian stage, film and television actor
- August 29 – Michael Jackson, singer and pop icon (died 2009)
- October 13 – Maria Cantwell, United States Senator from Washington since 2001.
- November 22 – Jamie Lee Curtis, actress and author
This section requires expansion. (November 2011)
- Media related to 1958 in the United States at Wikimedia Commons