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1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (dominical letter F) of the Gregorian calendar, the 1963rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 963rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 63rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1960s decade.
- March 4 – In Paris, six people are sentenced to death for conspiring to assassinate President Charles de Gaulle. De Gaulle pardons five, but the other conspirator, Jean Bastien-Thiry, is executed by firing squad several days later.
- March 5 – In Camden, Tennessee, country music superstar Patsy Cline (Virginia Patterson Hensley) is killed in a plane crash along with fellow performers Hawkshaw Hawkins, Cowboy Copas and Cline's manager and pilot Randy Hughes, while returning from a benefit performance in Kansas City, Kansas, for country radio disc jockey "Cactus" Jack Call.
- March 17 – Mount Agung erupts on Bali, killing approximately 1,500.
- March 18 – Gideon v. Wainwright: The Supreme Court of the United States rules that state courts are required to provide counsel in criminal cases for defendants who cannot afford to pay their own attorneys.
- March 21 – The Alcatraz Federal Penitentiary on Alcatraz Island in San Francisco Bay closes; the last 27 prisoners are transferred elsewhere at the order of United States Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy.
- March 22 – The Beatles release their first album, Please Please Me, in the United Kingdom.
- March 23 – Dansevise by Grethe & Jørgen Ingmann (music by Otto Francker, text by Sejr Volmer-Sørensen) wins the Eurovision Song Contest 1963 for Denmark.
: British Rail network, as it would have become, if "Beeching axe
" plans had been fully implemented (only bolded rail lines would have remained).
- April 1 – The long-running soap opera General Hospital debuts on ABC Television in the United States.
- April 3 – Southern Christian Leadership Conference volunteers kick off the Birmingham campaign (Birmingham, Alabama) against racial segregation in the United States with a sit-in.
- April 7 – Yugoslavia is proclaimed to be a socialist republic, and Josip Broz Tito is named President for Life.
- April 8 – The 35th Academy Awards ceremony is held. Lawrence of Arabia wins Best Picture.
- April 9 – British statesman Sir Winston Churchill becomes an honorary citizen of the United States.
- April 10 – The U.S. nuclear submarine Thresher sinks 220 mi (190 nmi; 350 km) east of Cape Cod; all 129 aboard (112 crewmen plus yard personnel) die.
- April 12
- Martin Luther King Jr., Ralph Abernathy, Fred Shuttlesworth and others are arrested in a Birmingham, Alabama protest for "parading without a permit".
- The Soviet nuclear powered submarine K-33 collides with the Finnish merchant vessel M/S Finnclipper in the Danish Straits. Although severely damaged, both vessels make it to port.
- April 14 – The Institute of Mental Health (Belgrade) is established.
- April 15 – 70,000 marchers arrive in London from Aldermaston, to demonstrate against nuclear weapons.
- April 16 – Martin Luther King, Jr. issues his "Letter from Birmingham Jail".
- April 20 – In Quebec, Canada, members of the terrorist group Front de libération du Québec bomb a Canadian Army recruitment center, killing night watchman Wilfred V. O'Neill.
- April 21–April 23 – The first election of the Supreme Institution of the Bahá'í Faith (known as the Universal House of Justice, whose seat is at the Bahá'í World Centre on Mount Carmel in Haifa, Israel) is held.
- April 22 – Lester Bowles Pearson becomes the 14th Prime Minister of Canada.
- April 28 – A general election is held in Italy.
- April 29 – Buddy Rogers becomes the first WWWF Champion.
- May 1 – The Coca-Cola Company introduces its first diet drink, Tab cola.
- May 2
- Thousands of blacks, many of them children, are arrested while protesting segregation in Birmingham, Alabama. Public Safety Commissioner Eugene "Bull" Connor later unleashes fire hoses and police dogs on the demonstrators.
- Berthold Seliger launches near Cuxhaven a 3-stage rocket with a maximum flight altitude of more than 62 miles (the only sounding rocket developed in Germany).
- May 4 – The Le Monde Theater fire in Dioirbel, Senegal kills 64.
- May 8
- May 12 – The Shanty is established in New Castle, Indiana
- May 13 – A smallpox outbreak hits Stockholm, Sweden, lasting until July.
- May 14 – Kuwait becomes the 111th member of the United Nations.
- May 15 – Project Mercury: NASA launches Gordon Cooper on Mercury-Atlas 9, the last mission (on June 12 NASA Administrator James E. Webb tells Congress the program is complete).
- May 22 – A.C. Milan beats Benfica 2-1 at Wembley Stadium, London and wins the 1962–63 European Cup (football).
- May 23 – Fidel Castro visits the Soviet Union.
- May 25 – The Organisation of African Unity is established in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
- May 27 – The Freewheelin' Bob Dylan is singer-songwriter Bob Dylan's second studio album, and most influential, opening with the song "Blowin' in the Wind", released by Columbia Records.
- August 5 – The United States, United Kingdom, and Soviet Union sign the Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty.
- August 8 – The Great Train Robbery takes place in Buckinghamshire, England.
- August 15 – Trois Glorieuses: President Fulbert Youlou is overthrown in the Republic of Congo after a three-day uprising in the capital, Brazzaville.
- August 18 – American civil rights movement: James Meredith becomes the first black person to graduate from the University of Mississippi.
- August 21 – Xá Lợi Pagoda raids: The Army of the Republic of Vietnam Special Forces loyal to Ngô Đình Nhu, brother of President Ngô Đình Diệm, vandalise Buddhist pagodas across South Vietnam, arresting thousands and leaving an estimated hundreds dead. In the wake of the raids, the Kennedy administration by Cable 243 orders the United States Embassy, Saigon to explore alternative leadership in the country, opening the way towards a coup against Diệm.
- August 22 – American test pilot Joe Walker again achieves a sub-orbital spaceflight according to international standards, this time by piloting the X-15 to an altitude of 67.0 miles (107.8 kilometers).
- August 28 – Martin Luther King Jr. delivers his "I Have a Dream" speech on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial to an audience of at least 250,000, during the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom.
- October 1
- October 2 John F. Kennedy Toasts of the President and Emperor Haile Selassie at a Luncheon in Rockville, Maryland.
- October 3 – 1963 Honduran coup d'état: A violent coup in Honduras pre-empts the October 13 election, ends a period of reform under President Ramón Villeda Morales and begins two decades of military rule under General Oswaldo López Arellano.
- October 4 – Hurricane Flora, one of the worst Atlantic storms in history, hits Hispaniola and Cuba, killing nearly 7,000 people.
- October 8 – Sam Cooke and his band are arrested after trying to register at a "whites only" motel in Louisiana. In the months following, he records the song "A Change Is Gonna Come".
- October 9 – In northeast Italy, over 2,000 people are killed when a large landslide behind the Vajont Dam causes a giant wave of water to overtop it.
- October 10
- October 14 – A revolution starts in Radfan, South Yemen, against British colonial rule.
- October 16 – The thousandth day of John F. Kennedy's presidency.
- October 19 – Alec Douglas-Home succeeds Harold Macmillan as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
- October 28 – Demolition of the 1910 Pennsylvania Station begins in New York City, continuing until 1966.
- October 30 – The car manufacturing firm Lamborghini is founded in Italy.
- October 31 – 74 die in a gas explosion during a Holiday on Ice show at the Indiana State Fair Coliseum in Indianapolis.
- November 22
- Assassination of John F. Kennedy: In a motorcade in Dallas, Texas, United States President John F. Kennedy is fatally shot by Lee Harvey Oswald, and Governor of Texas John Connally is seriously wounded. A few hours later Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson is sworn in aboard Air Force One to become President of the United States, as Kennedy's body is flown back to Washington, D.C. Stores and businesses shut down for the entire weekend and Monday, in tribute.
- English-born writer Aldous Huxley, author of Brave New World, dies of cancer in the United States.
- Irish-born theologian and writer C. S. Lewis, author of works including The Chronicles of Narnia, The Screwtape Letters and Mere Christianity, dies of renal failure at his home in Oxford (England).
- Phil Spector's A Christmas Gift for You from Phil Spector is released.
- The Beatles' second UK album, With the Beatles, is released.
- November 23
- November 24
- Lee Harvey Oswald, assassin of John F. Kennedy, is shot dead by Jack Ruby in Dallas, an event seen on live national television.
- Vietnam War: New U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson confirms that the United States intends to continue supporting South Vietnam militarily and economically.
- November 25 – State funeral of John F. Kennedy: President Kennedy is buried at Arlington National Cemetery. Schools around the nation cancel classes that day; millions watch the funeral on live international television.
- November 29
- December 3 – The Warren Commission begins its investigation into the assassination of John F. Kennedy.
- December 4 – The second period of the Second Vatican Council closes.
- December 5 – The Seliger Forschungs-und-Entwicklungsgesellschaft mbH demonstrates rockets for military use to military representatives of non-NATO-countries near Cuxhaven. Although these rockets land via parachute at the end of their flight and no allied laws are violated, the Soviet Union protests this action.
- December 7 – Tony Verna, a CBS-TV director, debuts an improved version of instant replay during his direction of a live televised sporting event, the Army–Navy Game of college football played in Philadelphia. This instance is notable as it was the first instant replay system to use videotape instead of film.
- December 8
- December 10
- In the United States, the X-20 Dyna-Soar spaceplane program is cancelled.
- Chuck Yeager narrowly escapes death while testing an NF-104A rocket-augmented aerospace trainer when his aircraft goes out of control at 108,700 feet (nearly 21 miles up) and crashes. He parachutes to safety at 8,500 feet after vainly battling to gain control of the powerless, rapidly falling craft. In this incident he becomes the first pilot to make an emergency ejection in the full pressure suit needed for high altitude flights.
- December 12 – Kenya gains independence from the United Kingdom, with Jomo Kenyatta as prime minister.
- December 19 – Zanzibar gains independence from the United Kingdom, as a constitutional monarchy under Sultan Jamshid bin Abdullah.
- December 21 – Cyprus Emergency: Inter-communal fighting erupts between Greek and Turkish Cypriots.
- December 22 – The cruise ship Lakonia burns 180 miles (290 km) north of Madeira, with the loss of 128 lives.
- December 25
- December 26 – The Beatles' "I Want to Hold Your Hand" and "I Saw Her Standing There" are released in the United States, marking the beginning of Beatlemania on an international level.
- January 1 – Linda Henry, English actress
- January 2
- January 4
- January 6 – Tony Halme, Finnish boxer and politician (d. 2010)
- January 7 – Rand Paul U.S Senator from Kentucky
- January 13 – Jiang Wen, Chinese actor
- January 14 – Steven Soderbergh, American film director
- January 15 – Mathias Döpfner, journalist and chief executive officer of German media group Axel Springer SE
- January 16 – James May, English motoring journalist and television show host
- January 18 – Ian Crook, English footballer
- January 17 – Kai Hansen, German power metal guitarist and singer
- January 19 – Caron Wheeler, British singer-songwriter (Soul II Soul)
- January 20 – Firebreaker Chip, American professional wrestler
- January 21
- January 23 – Gail O'Grady, American actress
- January 24 – Arnold Vanderlyde, Dutch boxer
- January 26
- January 29 – Octave Octavian Teodorescu, Romanian composer, vanguard rock musician, multi-instrumentist
- January 30
- February 2 – Eva Cassidy, American vocalist (d. 1996)
- February 3 – Gretel Killeen, Australian journalist
- February 4 – Pirmin Zurbriggen, Swiss alpine skier
- February 8
- February 10 – Smiley Culture, British reggae singer (d. 2011)
- February 11 – Diane Franklin, American actress
- February 14
- February 17
- February 18 – Rob Andrew, English rugby union player
- February 19
- February 20 – Charles Barkley, American basketball player
- February 21 – William Baldwin, American actor
- February 22
- February 23 – Bobby Bonilla, American baseball player
- February 26 – Chase Masterson, American actress and singer
- February 27 – Virginie Boutaud, Brazilian singer and actress (Metrô, Virginie & Fruto Proibido)
- March 1
- March 2 – Tuff Hedeman, American PRCA World Champion Bull Rider
- March 3 – Martín Fiz, Spanish long-distance runner
- March 4
- March 5
- March 6 – Gary L. Stevens, American jockey
- March 7 – Kim Ung-yong, Korean child prodigy
- March 12 – Joaquim Cruz, Brazilian runner
- March 13 – Fito Páez, Argentine musician
- March 14
- March 15 – Bret Michaels, American rock singer (Poison)
- March 17 – Alex Fong, Hong Kong actor
- March 18
- March 19 – Mary Scheer, American actress and comedian
- March 20
- March 21 – Ronald Koeman, Dutch football player and manager
- March 22 – Susan Ann Sulley, British musician
- March 23 – Jose Miguel Gonzalez Martin del Campo, Spanish football player
- March 24 – John T. Chisholm, American prosecutor; District Attorney of Milwaukee County, Wisconsin (2007–present)
- March 26 – Natsuhiko Kyogoku, Japanese writer
- March 27
- March 28 – Chieko Honda, Japanese voice actress (d. 2013)
- April 3
- April 4
- April 6 – Rafael Correa, President of Ecuador
- April 8 – Julian Lennon, British musician, son of John Lennon
- April 9 – Joe Scarborough, American newscaster
- April 10
- April 11 – Chris Ferguson, American poker player
- April 12
- April 13 – Garry Kasparov, Russian chess player
- April 15 – Beata Szydło, Prime Minister of Poland
- April 16 – Jimmy Osmond, American singer
- April 17 – Joel Murray, American actor
- April 18
- April 19 – Valerie Plame, former United States CIA Operations officer
- April 21
- April 24 – Tõnu Trubetsky, Estonian rock musician (Vennaskond)
- April 25 – Pascal of Bollywood, French singer
- April 26
- Jet Li, Chinese martial artist and actor
- Colin Scotts, Australian-born American football player
- April 27
- April 29 – Mike Babcock, Canadian ice hockey coach
- April 30 – Michael Waltrip, American race car driver
- May 1 – Benjamin LaGuer, American prisoner proclaiming innocence for more than two decades
- May 2 – Ray Traylor, American professional wrestler ("Big Boss Man") (d. 2004)
- May 5 – James LaBrie, Canadian vocalist (Dream Theater)
- May 9 – Gary Daniels, British martial artist and actor
- May 10 – A. Raja, Indian politician
- May 11 – Natasha Richardson, English actress (d. 2009)
- May 12 – Jerry Trimble, American actor and martial artist
- May 16
- May 23 – Wally Dallenbach Jr., American race car driver and announcer
- May 24
- May 25
- May 26 – Clive Cowdery, English insurance entrepreneur
- May 29 – Lisa Whelchel, American actress, singer and writer
- May 31
- June 4 – Sean Fitzpatrick, New Zealand rugby union player
- June 5 – Joe Rudán, Hungarian heavy metal singer
- June 6 – Jason Isaacs, British actor
- June 9 – Johnny Depp, American actor
- June 12
- June 13 – Bettina Bunge, German tennis player
- June 14 – Rambo Amadeus, Montenegrin singer-songwriter
- June 15 – Helen Hunt, American actress
- June 16 – The Sandman, American professional wrestler
- June 17 – Greg Kinnear, American actor
- June 18
- June 20 – Amir Derakh, American musician
- June 22 – Randy Couture, American mixed martial arts fighter
- June 23 – Colin Montgomerie, Scottish golfer
- June 24
- June 25
- June 26 – Mikhail Khodorkovsky, Russian businessman, activist and former oligarch
- June 29 – Anne-Sophie Mutter, German violinist
- June 30 – Yngwie Malmsteen, Swedish guitarist, composer, and bandleader
- July 4 – Christopher G. Kennedy, son of Attorney General and former presidential candidate, Robert F. Kennedy
- July 6 – Miguel Garikoitz Aspiazu Rubina, Basque separatist
- July 11 – Lisa Rinna, American actress
- July 13 – Spud Webb, American basketball player
- July 15 – Brigitte Nielsen, Danish actress
- July 16 – Phoebe Cates, American actress
- July 17
- July 18
- July 22 – Emilio Butragueño, Spanish football player
- July 24
- July 27 – Donnie Yen, Hong Kong actor and martial artist
- July 28 – Beverley Craven, British singer-songwriter
- July 29
- July 30
- August 1 – Coolio, African-American rapper
- August 2 – Laura Bennett, American fashion designer
- August 3
- August 6 – Kevin Mitnick, American computer hacker
- August 7
- August 8
- August 9 – Whitney Houston, African-American singer (d. 2012)
- August 10 – Andrew Sullivan, British-born American blogger and political commentator
- August 13 – Sridevi, Indian actress
- August 15
- August 17 – James Whitbourn, British composer
- August 19
- August 22 – Tori Amos, American singer
- August 23
- August 24 – Hideo Kojima, Japanese video-game director
- August 25 – Miro Cerar, Prime Minister of Slovenia
- August 26
- August 30
- August 31
- September 1 – Carola Smit, Dutch musician
- September 6 – Geert Wilders, Dutch politician
- September 7 – Eric Wright (Eazy-E), African-American rapper (d. 1995)
- September 8 – Li Ning, Chinese gymnast
- September 9 – Markus Wasmeier, German alpine-skier
- September 10 – Randy Johnson, American baseball player
- September 11 – Joey Dedio, American actor
- September 12 – Norberto Barba, American cinematographer and film director
- September 14 – Robert Herjavec, Canadian businessman, investor, and television personality
- September 16 – Richard Marx, American pop/rock singer
- September 17 – Masahiro Chono, Japanese professional wrestler
- September 19
- September 21
- September 28
- September 29
- October 1 – Mark McGwire, American baseball player
- October 5
- October 6 – Elisabeth Shue, American actress
- October 10
- October 12
- October 13
- October 14
- October 17 – Norm Macdonald, Canadian comedian
- October 19 – Sinitta, Anglo-US singer
- October 20 – John Storgårds, Finnish conductor and violinist
- October 22 – Brian Boitano, American figure skater
- October 23
- October 25 – John Levén, Swedish bassist (Europe)
- October 26 – Natalie Merchant, American singer, songwriter, and musician
- October 27
- October 28 – Lauren Holly, American actress
- October 30 – Kristina Wagner, American actress
- October 31
- January 1
- January 2
- January 5
- January 6
- January 7 – Erik Lundqvist, Swedish athlete (b. 1908)
- January 8
- January 10 – Franz Planer, European film cinematographer (b. 1894)
- January 11 – Arthur Nock, English classicist, theologian, and Harvard University professor (b. 1902)
- January 13
- January 14 – Gustav Regler, German Socialist novelist (b. 1898)
- January 16
- January 18 – Edward Charles Titchmarsh, British mathematician (b. 1899)
- January 21 – Al St. John, American actor (b. 1893)
- January 23 – Józef Gosławski, Polish sculptor and medallic artist (b. 1908)
- January 24
- January 25 – Marion Sunshine, American actress (b. 1894)
- January 26 – Ole Olsen, American actor (b. 1892)
- January 27 – Evelyn Francisco, silent film actress (b. 1904)
- January 28
- January 29
- January 30
- January 31
- February 1
- February 2 – William Gaxton, star of vaudeville, film, and theatre (b. 1893)
- February 6 – Piero Manzoni, Italian artist (b. 1933)
- February 8 – George Dolenz, American actor (b. 1908)
- February 9 – Abd al-Karim Qasim, Prime minister of Iraq (b. 1914)
- February 11 – Sylvia Plath, American poet and novelist (b. 1932)
- February 15
- February 16
- February 18
- February 19 – Benny Moré, Cuban singer (b. 1919)
- February 20
- February 22 – Arthur Guy Empey, soldier, author, screenwriter, and actor (b. 1883)
- February 24 – Herbert Asbury, American journalist and writer (b. 1889)
- February 28
- March 1 – Irish Meusel, American professional baseball player (b. 1893)
- March 4 – William Carlos Williams, American writer (b. 1883)
- March 5
- March 6 – Robert E. Cornish, scientist (b. 1903)
- March 7 – Joachim Holst-Jensen, Norwegian film actor (b. 1880)
- March 11
- March 16 – Archduchess Elisabeth Marie of Austria (b. 1883)
- March 17
- March 18 – Wanda Hawley, American actress (b. 1895)
- March 21 – Felice Minotti, Italian film actor (b. 1887)
- March 22
- March 23 – Thoralf Skolem, Norwegian mathematician (b. 1887)
- March 25 – Felix Adler, American screenwriter (b. 1884)
- March 26 – Jean Bruce, French writer (b. 1921)
- March 27 – Harry Piel, German actor, film director, screenwriter, and film producer (b. 1892)
- March 28
- March 29
- March 31 – Harry Akst, American songwriter (b. 1894)
- April 1 – Agnes Mowinckel, Norwegian actress and stage producer (b. 1875)
- April 3 – Alma Richards, American Olympic gold medalist (b. 1890)
- April 4
- April 6
- April 7 – Amedeo Maiuri, Neapolitan archaeologist (b. 1886)
- April 9
- April 11 – Nando Bruno, Italian film actor (b. 1895)
- April 12
- April 14
- April 15 – Edward Hearn, American actor (b. 1888)
- April 23
- April 24 – Leonid Lukov, Soviet film director and screenwriter (b. 1909)
- April 25 – Christopher Hassall, English actor, dramatist, librettist, lyricist, and poet (b. 1912)
- April 26 – Roland Pertwee, English playwright, screenwriter, director, and actor (b. 1885)
- April 27 – Kenneth Macgowan, American film producer (b. 1888)
- April 30
- May 1 – Lope K. Santos, Filipino writer, Father of Philippine National Language and Grammar (b. 1879)
- May 2 – Van Wyck Brooks, American literary critic and writer (b. 1886)
- May 6 – Monty Woolley, American actor (b. 1888)
- May 7
- May 11 – Herbert Spencer Gasser, American physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1888)
- May 12
- May 18 – Ernie Davis, American football player, first African-American to win the Heisman Trophy (b. 1939)
- May 24 – Elmore James, American blues guitarist (b. 1918)
- May 25 – Mehdi Frashëri, Albanian politician, former Prime Minister (b. 1872)
- May 29 – Netta Muskett, British novelist (b. 1887)
- May 31 – Edith Hamilton, German-born author (b. 1867)
- August 1 – Theodore Roethke, American poet (b. 1908)
- August 2 – Oliver La Farge, American writer (b. 1901)
- August 4 – Tom Keene, American actor (b. 1896)
- August 9 – Patrick Bouvier Kennedy, American infant son of President and Mrs. Kennedy
- August 10
- August 11 – Clem Bevans, American actor (b. 1879)
- August 17 – Richard Barthelmess, American actor (b. 1895)
- August 18 – Clifford Odets, American playwright (b. 1906)
- August 20 – Joan Voûte, Dutch astronomer (b. 1879)
- August 22 – William Morris, 1st Viscount Nuffield, British businessman and a philanthropist (b. 1877)
- August 23 – Larry Keating, American actor (b. 1896)
- August 24 – James Kirkwood, Sr., American film director (b. 1875)
- August 27
- August 30 – Guy Burgess, British spy, one of the Cambridge Five (b. 1911)
- August 31 – Georges Braque, French painter (b. 1882)
- ↑ "Timeline of George Wallace's Life, 1952–1972". The American Experience. Public Broadcasting Service. 2000. Retrieved March 21, 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- ↑ Klarman, Michael J. (March–April 2004). "Brown v. Board: 40 Years Later". Humanities: The Magazine of the National Endowment for the Humanities.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- ↑ "Dallas: JFK is shot dead". Archived from the original on June 28, 2002.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- ↑ Tracker, "Footprints Tracker", August 2012, p. 46.
- ↑ Larsen, Jeffrey A.; Smith, James M. (2005). "Hot Line Agreements (1963, 1971, 1984)". Historical Dictionary Of Arms Control And Disarmament. Scarecrow Press. p. 107.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- ↑ Kahn, David (1996). The Codebreakers: The Comprehensive History of Secret Communication from Ancient Times to the Internet. Simon and Schuster. p. 715.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- ↑ Warren Commission Report.