1971 in the United States
From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core
|1971 in the United States|
|Years:||1968 1969 1970 – 1971 – 1972 1973 1974|
50 stars (1960–present)
Events from the year 1971 in the United States.
- 1 Incumbents
- 2 Events
- 3 Births
- 4 Deaths
- 5 See also
- 6 References
- 7 External links
- President: Richard Nixon (R-California)
- Vice President: Spiro Agnew (R-Maryland)
- Chief Justice: Warren E. Burger
- Speaker of the House of Representatives: John William McCormack (D-Massachusetts) (until January 3), Carl Albert (D-Oklahoma) (starting January 21)
- Senate Majority Leader: Mike Mansfield (D-Montana)
- Congress: 91st (until January 3), 92nd (starting January 3)
- January 1 – The Uniform Monday Holiday Act takes effect: Washington's Birthday and several other Federal holidays are always observed on certain Mondays, resulting in more three-day weekends for federal employees.
- January 2 – A ban on radio and television cigarette advertisements goes into effect in the United States.
- January 12 – The landmark television sitcom All In The Family, starring Carroll O'Connor as Archie Bunker, debuts on CBS.
- January 17 – Super Bowl V: The Baltimore Colts defeat the Dallas Cowboys 16–13 at the Orange Bowl in Miami, Florida.
- January 25 – In Los Angeles, Charles Manson and three female "Family" members are found guilty of the 1969 Tate-LaBianca murders.
- January 31 – Apollo program: Apollo 14 (carrying astronauts Alan Shepard, Stuart Roosa, and Edgar Mitchell) lifts off on the third successful lunar landing mission.
- February 9 – The Sylmar earthquake (6.4 on the Richter Scale) hits the San Fernando Valley area of California.
- February 11 – The US, UK, USSR and others sign the Seabed Treaty, outlawing nuclear weapons on the ocean floor.
- February 20
- March 1 – A bomb explodes in the men's room at the United States Capitol; the Weather Underground Organization claims responsibility.
- March 8 – Boxer Joe Frazier defeats Muhammad Ali at Madison Square Garden.
- March 29
- April 9 – Charles Manson is sentenced to death; in 1972, the sentence for all California Death Row inmates is commuted to life imprisonment.
- April 10 – Veterans Stadium in Philadelphia opens.
- April 20 – Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education: The Supreme Court of the United States rules unanimously that busing of students may be ordered to achieve racial desegregation.
- April 24 – Five hundred thousand people in Washington, DC and 125,000 in San Francisco march in protest against the Vietnam War.
- May 1 – Amtrak begins inter-city rail passenger service in the United States.
- May 3 – A Harris Poll claims that 60% of Americans are against the Vietnam War.
- Anti-war militants attempt to disrupt government business in Washington, D.C.; police and military units arrest as many as 12,000, most of whom are later released.
- May 5 – The US dollar floods the European currency markets and threatens especially the Deutsche Mark; the central banks of Austria, Belgium, Netherlands and Switzerland stop the currency trading.
- May 9 – Mariner 8 fails to launch.
- May 29 – Al Unser wins the Indianapolis 500 in the Vel's Parnelli Jones Special Colt-Ford.
- May 30 – Mariner program: Mariner 9 is launched toward Mars.
- June – Massachusetts passes its Chapter 766 laws enacting Special Education.
- June 1 – Vietnam War: Vietnam Veterans for a Just Peace, claiming to represent the majority of U.S. veterans who served in Southeast Asia, speak against war protests.
- June 6 – A midair collision between Hughes Airwest Flight 706 Douglas DC-9 jetliner and a U.S. Marine Corps McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom jet fighter near Duarte, California, claims 50 lives.
- June 10 – The U.S. ends its trade embargo of China.
- June 13 – Vietnam War: The New York Times begins to publish the Pentagon Papers.
- June 17 – Representatives of Japan and the United States sign the Okinawa Reversion Agreement, whereby the U.S. will return control of Okinawa.
- June 18 – Southwest Airlines, the most successful low cost carrier in history, begins its first flights between Dallas, Houston, And San Antonio.
- June 25 – Madagascar accuses the U.S. of being connected to the plot to oust the current government; the U.S. recalls its ambassador.
- June 27 – Concert promoter Bill Graham closes the legendary Fillmore East, which first opened on 2nd Avenue (between 5th and 6th Streets) in New York City on March 8, 1968.
- June 28 – Assassin Jerome A. Johnson shoots Joe Colombo in the head in a middle of an Italian-American rally, putting him in a coma.
- June 30 – New York Times Co. v. United States: The U.S. Supreme Court rules that the Pentagon Papers may be published, rejecting government injunctions as unconstitutional prior restraint.
- July 1 – The Postal Reorganization Act goes into effect replacing the Cabinet-level Post Office Department with the United States Postal Service.
- July 3 – Jim Morrison, lead singer and lyricist of The Doors, is found dead in his bathtub in Paris, France.
- July 5 – Right to vote: The 26th Amendment to the United States Constitution, formally certified by President Richard Nixon, lowers the voting age from 21 to 18.
- July 19 – The South Tower of the World Trade Center is topped out at 1,362 feet (415 m), making it the second tallest building in the world.
- July 26 – Apollo 15 (carrying astronauts David Scott, Alfred Worden, and James Irwin) is launched.
- July 31 – Apollo 15 astronauts David Scott and James Irwin become the first to ride in a lunar rover, a day after landing on the Moon.
- August – the unemployment rate peaks at 6.1%.
- August 1 – In New York City, 40,000 attend the Concert for Bangladesh.
- August 7 – Apollo 15 returns to Earth.
- August 11 – Construction begins on the Louisiana Superdome in New Orleans.
- August 15 – President Richard Nixon announces that the United States will no longer convert dollars to gold at a fixed value, effectively ending the Bretton Woods system. He also imposes a 90-day freeze on wages, prices and rents.
- August 20 – The USS Manatee (AO-58) spills 1,000 US gallons (3,800 L) of fuel oil on President Nixon's Western White House beach in San Clemente, California.
- September 4 – A Boeing 727 (Alaska Airlines Flight 1866) crashes into the side of a mountain near Juneau, Alaska, killing all 111 people on board.
- September 8 – In Washington, DC, the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts is inaugurated, with the opening feature being the premiere of Leonard Bernstein's Mass.
- September 9 – September 13 – Attica Prison riots: – A revolt breaks out at the maximum-security prison in Attica, New York. In the end, state police and the United States National Guard storm the facility; 42 are killed, 10 of them hostages.
- September 22 – Ernest Medina is cleared of all charges connected with the Mylai Massacre
- September 28 – Cardinal József Mindszenty, who has taken refuge in the U.S. Embassy in Budapest since 1956, is allowed to leave Hungary.
- October 1 – Walt Disney World opens in Orlando, Florida
- October 18 – In New York City, the Knapp Commission begins public hearings on police corruption.
- October 21 – U.S. President Richard Nixon nominates Lewis Franklin Powell, Jr. and William H. Rehnquist to the U.S. Supreme Court.
- October 29 – Vietnam War – Vietnamization: The total number of American troops still in Vietnam drops to a record low of 196,700 (the lowest since January 1966).
- November 6 – Operation Grommet: The U.S. tests a thermonuclear warhead at Amchitka Island in Alaska, code-named Project Cannikin. At around 5 megatons, it is the largest ever U.S. underground detonation.
- November 12 – Vietnam War – Vietnamization: U.S. President Richard M. Nixon sets February 1, 1972 as the deadline for the removal of another 45,000 American troops from Vietnam.
- November 13 – Mariner program: Mariner 9 becomes the first spacecraft to enter Mars orbit successfully.
- November 15 – Intel releases the world's first commercially available microprocessor, the Intel 4004.
- November 24 – During a severe thunderstorm over Washington, a man calling himself D. B. Cooper parachutes from the Northwest Orient Airlines plane he hijacked, with US$200,000 in ransom money, and is never seen again.
- December 8 – U.S. President Richard Nixon orders the 7th Fleet to move towards the Bay of Bengal in the Indian Ocean.
- December 10 – The John Sinclair Freedom Rally in support of the imprisoned activist features a performance by John Lennon at Crisler Arena, Ann Arbor, MI.
- December 11 – The Libertarian Party (United States) is established.
- An explosion in a water tunnel beneath Lake Huron in Port Huron, Michigan kills 22.
- December 18 – The U.S. dollar is devalued for the second time in history.
- December 25 – In the longest game in NFL history, the Miami Dolphins beat the Kansas City Chiefs.
- Crude oil production peaks in the continental United States at approximately 4.5 million barrels per day (720,000 m3/d).
- Cold War (1945–1991)
- Space Race (1957–1975)
- Vietnam War, U.S. involvement (1962–1973)
- Détente (c. 1969–1979)
- January 7 – Jeremy Renner, actor
- January 8 – Jason Giambi, American baseball player
- January 11 – Mary J. Blige, singer
- January 15 – Regina King, actress
- January 19 – Shawn Wayans, actor, writer, and producer
- January 23 – Kevin Mawae, American football player and coach
- January 24 – Kenya Moore, actress and model
- February 1
- February 10 – Lisa Marie Varon, wrestler
- February 14 – Tommy Dreamer, wrestler
- February 17 – Denise Richards, actress
- February 25 – Sean Astin, actor
- March 4 – Shavar Ross, actor and producer
- March 5 – Scott Mosier, producer
- March 7 – Peter Sarsgaard, actor
- March 9 – Emmanuel Lewis, actor
- March 11 – Johnny Knoxville, daredevil, actor, comedian, screenwriter and film producer
- March 21 – Craig McCracken, animator, director, and producer
- April 3 – Picabo Street, skier
- April 12 – Shannen Doherty, actress
- April 15 – Jason Sehorn, American football player
- April 22 – Eric Mabius, actor
- April 26 – Shondrella Avery, actress
- April 28 – Bridget Moynahan, actress
- May 12 – Doug Basham, wrestler
- May 14 – Sofia Coppola, screenwriter, film director, producer, actress, and daughter of Francis Ford Coppola
- May 18 – Desiree Horton, helicopter pilot, television reporter, and aerial firefighter
- May 20 – Tony Stewart, race car driver
- May 25 – Sonya Smith, actress
- May 26 – Matt Stone, television producer
- May 27 – Lisa Lopes, rapper, singer, songwriter, and dancer, died in La Ceiba, Atlántida, Honduras (d. 2002)
- May 28 – Marco Rubio, United States Senator from Florida since 2011.
- June 4
- June 5 – Mark Wahlberg, actor and singer
- June 7
- June 8 – Troy Vincent, American football player
- June 10 – Bobby Jindal, 55th Governor of Louisiana since 2008
- June 12 – Mark Henry, wrestler
- June 16 – Tupac Shakur, rapper, poet, actor, and murder victim (d. 1996)
- June 18 – Nathan Morris, singer
- June 22
- July 1 – Missy Elliott, singer
- July 9 – Marc Andreessen, software engineer and entrepreneur
- July 11 – Brett Hauer, ice hockey player
- July 12
- July 22 – Kristine Lilly, soccer player
- July 26 – Reggie Carthon, American football player
- July 28 – Jeffrey S. Williams, American journalist and author
- July 29 – Monica Calhoun, actress
- July 30 – Christine Taylor, actress and wife of Ben Stiller
- August 4
- August 12 – Pete Sampras, tennis player
- August 18 – Jacob Vargas, actor
- August 28 – Janet Evans, swimmer
- August 29 – Carla Gugino, actress
- August 31 – Chris Tucker, actor and comedian
- September 2 – Tommy Maddox, American football player
- September 9 – Henry Thomas, actor and musician
- September 16 – Amy Poehler, actress
- September 18
- September 19 – Sanaa Lathan, actress
- September 21 – Luke Wilson, actor
- September 24 – Michael S. Engel, paleontologist & entomologist
- September 25
- September 26 – Joel Breton, video game producer
- September 30
- October 2 – Tiffany, singer
- October 3 – Kevin Richardson, singer
- October 8 – Sean Palmer, actor
- October 9 – Stevie Richards, wrestler
- October 17
- October 24 – Caprice Bourret, model and actress
- October 27 – Jade Arcade, comics artist and writer
- October 29 – Winona Ryder, actress
- November 2 – Eric Wall, writer and political activist
- November 9 – Big Pun, rapper (d. 2000)
- November 11 – David DeLuise, actor and son of Dom DeLuise and Carol Arthur
- November 13 – Noah Hathaway, actor
- November 20 – Joel McHale, comedian, actor, writer, television producer, and television personality
- December 1 – John Schlimm, writer
- December 5 – Kali Rocha, actress
- December 6 – Ryan White, notable victim (d. 1990)
- December 16 – Michael McCary, singer
- December 19 – Tyson Beckford, model
- December 26 – Jared Leto, actor and musician
- December 27 – Jason Hawes, paranormal investigator and businessman
- December 28 – Frank Sepe, bodybuilder and model
This section requires expansion. (July 2014)
- March 16 – Thomas E. Dewey, 47th Governor of New York and Republican nominee for president (b. 1902)
- April 6 – Igor Stravinsky, Russian-born American composer (b. 1882)
- July 3 – Jim Morrison, singer, songwriter, and poet, died in Paris, France (b. 1943)
- July 6 – Louis Armstrong, trumpeter and actor (b. 1901)
- December 9 – Ralph Bunche, Nobel diplomat (b. 1904)
- "Cigarette Maker Phillip Morris Agrees to Remove Advertising Signs from Sports Stadiums Where They Were Shown on TV" (1995), DOJ315.
- Mitchell K. Hall (2008). "Chronology". Historical Dictionary of the Nixon-Ford Era. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 978-0-8108-6410-8.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Ronald B. Frankum Jr. (2011). "Chronology". Historical Dictionary of the War in Vietnam. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 978-0-8108-7956-0.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- James Stuart Olson, ed. (1999). "Chronology". Historical Dictionary of the 1970s. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 978-0-313-30543-6.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Media related to 1971 in the United States at Wikimedia Commons