1991

From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core
Jump to: navigation, search
"August 1991" redirects here. For the film, see August 1991 (film).
This article is about the year 1991. For the number, see 1991 (number). For other uses, see 1991 (disambiguation).
Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries: 19th century20th century21st century
Decades: 1960s  1970s  1980s  – 1990s –  2000s  2010s  2020s
Years: 1988 1989 199019911992 1993 1994
1991 by topic:
Subject
By country
Leaders
Birth and death categories
Establishments and disestablishments categories
Works and introductions categories

Lua error in package.lua at line 75: invalid escape sequence near .

1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (dominical letter F) of the Gregorian calendar, the 1991st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 991st year of the 2nd millennium, the 91st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1990s decade.

It was the year that is usually considered the final year of the Cold War that had begun in the late 1940s. During the year, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics collapsed into fifteen sovereign republics. India also abandoned its policies of socialism and autarky and began extensive neoliberal changes to its economy in July 1991 which would increase the GDP but also economic inequality over the next two decades.[1] A U.N.-authorized coalition force from thirty-four nations fought against Iraq, which had invaded Kuwait in the previous year, 1990. The conflict would be called the Gulf War and would mark the beginning of a since-constant American military presence in the Middle East. The clash between Serbia and the other Yugoslav republics would lead into the beginning of the Yugoslav Wars, which ran through the rest of the decade.

The Japanese asset price bubble collapsed this year, leading to the Lost Years and a permanently stagnated (though still prosperous) Japanese economy.[2]

Events

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

The Warsaw radio mast after its collapse on August 8.
August 19: The coup attempt in Moscow.

September

Map of the three Baltic states, in their flag colours.

October

November

December

December 8: The signing of the agreement ending the USSR's existence and the founding of the Commonwealth of Independent States.
December 25: The original flag of Russia is readopted as the flag of the Russian Federation.

Date unknown

Births

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

Deaths

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

Nobel Prizes

References