2012 Sahel drought

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Future droughts of the Sahel Region

The droughts are becoming increasingly more common, worse and more threatening due to global warming.[1] A possible explanation to the aridity trend is the supplements of an oceanography phenomenon called El Niño.[2] An idea is that evaporation is occurring at higher rate due to the change in Sea surface temperature, this then impacts the amount of rain the Sahel region receives[2] Another factor to keep into consideration is the response of our atmosphere to stimulants like greenhouse gases and carbon emissions.[2]

The Sahel region – a belt up to 1,000 km wide that spans Africa from the Atlantic Ocean to the Red Sea

Societal impacts

Mass Famine

Valerie Amos, UN Humanitarian Chief during 2012, released a statement during the year stating that over 15 million people were malnourished in West Africa and the Sahel region.[3] The main contributor to the famine was the drought of Sahel, ensued from a combination of failing crops and El Niño.[2]

Mauritania and Chad recorded a loss in crop yield of over 50% when compared to 2011. Food reserves in the areas affected were very low and combined with corn prices soaring by 60-85% compared to averages over the last five years. In Chad alone this food crisis affected some 3.6 million people.[4] In places like Burkina Faso over 2.8 million were suffering from famine and in Senegal over 800,000 did not have enough to eat.[3]

External links

References

  1. Dai, Aiguo (2013-01-01). "Increasing drought under global warming in observations and models". Nature Climate Change. 3 (1): 52–58. ISSN 1758-678X. doi:10.1038/nclimate1633. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Dai, Aiguo (2013-01-01). "Increasing drought under global warming in observations and models". Nature Climate Change. 3 (1): 52–58. ISSN 1758-678X. doi:10.1038/nclimate1633. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 Mendy Diop (May 24, 2012). "UN relief coordinator warns over humanitarian crisis in Africa’s drought-hit Sahel". UN News Centre. Retrieved 21 August 2012. 
  4. "Food Crisis in Sahel". Oxfam International. Retrieved 10 June 2012.