2014 Tour de France

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2014 Tour de France
2014 UCI World Tour, race 18 of 29
File:Route of the 2014 Tour de France.png
Route of the 2014 Tour de France
Race details
Dates 5 July 2014 (2014-07-05) – 27 July 2014 (2014-07-27)
Stages 21
Distance 3,663.5 km (2,276 mi)
Winning time 89h 59' 06"
Palmares
Winner  Vincenzo Nibali (ITA) (Astana)
Second  Jean-Christophe Péraud (FRA) (Ag2r–La Mondiale)
Third  Thibaut Pinot (FRA) (FDJ.fr)

Points  Peter Sagan (SVK) (Cannondale)
Mountains  Rafał Majka (POL) (Tinkoff–Saxo)
Youth  Thibaut Pinot (FRA) (FDJ.fr)
Team Ag2r–La Mondiale
2013
2015

The 2014 Tour de France was the 101st edition of the Tour de France. It started on 5 July in Leeds, United Kingdom, and concluded on 27 July in Paris, France.[1][2][3] As is traditionally the case in even-numbered years, it followed a clockwise route through France. Italian cyclist Vincenzo Nibali won the race by more than seven minutes, the biggest winning margin since 1997.[4][5]

Teams

All 18 teams in the UCI's Proteam category were entitled, and obliged, to enter the race. Four UCI Professional Continental teams were also invited.[6]

Proteams

Professional Continental teams

Before the start of the race, Chris Froome, Alberto Contador, and Vincenzo Nibali were among the favourites for overall victory.[7][8] Froome crashed out of the Tour on stage 5, and Contador followed on stage 10, after breaking his leg in a crash. German rider Jens Voigt competed in his seventeenth and final Tour.[9]

Grand Départ

The Grand Départ (French pronunciation: ​[gʀɑ̃ depaʀ]) team presentation took place on 3 July in Leeds at the First Direct Arena, after a ceremonial ride from the University of Leeds. The ceremony included performances from Embrace and Opera North.[10]

Route and stages

The first three stages were in the United Kingdom, starting in Leeds.[11][12] This was the fourth Tour de France to contain stages in the United Kingdom (after 1974, 1994 and 2007) and the first edition to contain more than two stages there.

List of stages[13]
Stage Date Course Distance Type Winner
1 5 July Leeds – Harrogate (United Kingdom) 190.5 km (118 mi) Flat stage  Marcel Kittel (GER)
2 6 July York – Sheffield (United Kingdom) 201 km (125 mi) Medium-mountain stage  Vincenzo Nibali (ITA)
3 7 July Cambridge – London (United Kingdom) 155 km (96 mi) Flat stage  Marcel Kittel (GER)
4 8 July Le Touquet-Paris-Plage – Lille Metropole 163.5 km (102 mi) Flat stage  Marcel Kittel (GER)
5 9 July Ypres (Belgium) – Arenberg Porte du Hainaut 155.5 km (97 mi) Flat stage with cobblestones[14]  Lars Boom (NED)
6 10 July Arras – Reims 194 km (121 mi) Flat stage  André Greipel (GER)
7 11 July Épernay – Nancy 234.5 km (146 mi) Flat stage  Matteo Trentin (ITA)
8 12 July Tomblaine – Gérardmer La Mauselaine 161 km (100 mi) Medium-mountain stage  Blel Kadri (FRA)
9 13 July Gérardmer – Mulhouse 170 km (106 mi) Medium-mountain stage  Tony Martin (GER)
10 14 July Mulhouse – La Planche des Belles Filles 161.5 km (100 mi) Mountain stage  Vincenzo Nibali (ITA)
15 July Rest day
11 16 July Besançon – Oyonnax 187.5 km (117 mi) Medium-mountain stage  Tony Gallopin (FRA)
12 17 July Bourg-en-Bresse – Saint-Étienne 185.5 km (115 mi) Flat stage  Alexander Kristoff (NOR)
13 18 July Saint-Étienne – Chamrousse 197.5 km (123 mi) Mountain stage  Vincenzo Nibali (ITA)
14 19 July Grenoble – Risoul 177 km (110 mi) Mountain stage  Rafał Majka (POL)
15 20 July Tallard – Nîmes 222 km (138 mi) Flat stage  Alexander Kristoff (NOR)
21 July Rest day
16 22 July Carcassonne – Bagnères-de-Luchon 237.5 km (148 mi) Mountain stage  Michael Rogers (AUS)
17 23 July Saint-Gaudens – Saint-Lary-Soulan Pla d’Adet 124.5 km (77 mi) Mountain stage  Rafał Majka (POL)
18 24 July Pau – Hautacam 145.5 km (90 mi) Mountain stage  Vincenzo Nibali (ITA)
19 25 July Maubourguet Pays du Val d’Adour – Bergerac 208.5 km (130 mi) Flat stage  Ramūnas Navardauskas (LTU)
20 26 July Bergerac – Périgueux 54 km (34 mi) History.gif Individual time trial  Tony Martin (GER)
21 27 July Évry – Paris Champs-Élysées 137.5 km (85 mi) Flat stage  Marcel Kittel (GER)

Classification leadership

There are four main individual classifications contested in the 2014 Tour de France, as well as a team competition. The most important is the general classification, which is calculated by adding each cyclist's finishing times on each stage. The cyclist with the least accumulated time is the race leader, identified by the yellow jersey; the winner of this classification will be considered the winner of the Tour.[15] In 2014, there are no time bonuses given.

The points classification awards a green jersey. In the points classification, cyclists get points for finishing among the best in a stage finish, or in intermediate sprints. The cyclist with the most points leads the classification, and is identified with a green jersey.[15]

The mountains classification is a special points competition awarded to those riders who climb the most difficult ascents the fastest. The organisation categorises some climbs as either hors catégorie, first, second, third, or fourth-category; points for this classification are won by the first cyclists that reach the top of these climbs, with more points available for the higher-categorized climbs. The rider with the most mountain points is awarded a polka dot jersey.[15] There were also two special awards, the Souvenir Henri Desgrange given to first rider over the highest climb in the Tour and the Souvenir Jacques Goddet, given to the first rider to pass his memorial on the Col du Tourmalet. They did not award any points for the mountains classification, but gave a cash prize of 5000. The Souvenir Henri Desgrange this year was on the Col d'Izoard in stage 14, and was claimed by Joaquim Rodríguez and the Souvenir Jacques Goddet was won by Blel Kadri on stage 18.

The young rider classification, denoted by a white jersey, is calculated the same way as the general classification, but the classification is restricted to riders who were born on or after 1 January 1989.[15]

The team classification is calculated using the finishing times of the best three cyclists per team on each stage; the leading team is the team with the lowest total time. The riders in the team that lead this classification are identified with yellow numbers and helmets.

In addition, there is a combativity award, given after each stage to the cyclist considered to be the most combative rider that day; it is awarded by a jury vote. The winner wears red numbers on the back of his jersey the following day. At the conclusion of the Tour de France, the cyclist who has received the most total votes across all stages is recognized as the most combative rider of the entire Tour.

Stage Winner General classification
Jersey yellow.svg
Points classification
Jersey green.svg
Mountains classification
Jersey polkadot.svg
Young rider classification
Jersey white.svg
Team classification
Jersey yellow number.svg
Combativity award
Jersey red number.svg
1 Marcel Kittel Marcel Kittel Marcel Kittel Jens Voigt Peter Sagan Team Sky Jens Voigt
2 Vincenzo Nibali Vincenzo Nibali Peter Sagan Cyril Lemoine Blel Kadri
3 Marcel Kittel Jan Bárta
4 Marcel Kittel Thomas Voeckler
5 Lars Boom Astana Pro Team Lieuwe Westra
6 André Greipel Luis Ángel Maté
7 Matteo Trentin Martin Elmiger
8 Blel Kadri Blel Kadri Michał Kwiatkowski Blel Kadri
9 Tony Martin Tony Gallopin Tony Martin Tony Martin
10 Vincenzo Nibali Vincenzo Nibali Joaquim Rodríguez Romain Bardet Ag2r-La Mondiale Tony Martin
11 Tony Gallopin Nicolas Roche
12 Alexander Kristoff Simon Clarke
13 Vincenzo Nibali Vincenzo Nibali Alessandro De Marchi
14 Rafał Majka Joaquim Rodríguez Alessandro De Marchi
15 Alexander Kristoff Martin Elmiger
16 Michael Rogers Rafał Majka Thibaut Pinot Cyril Gautier
17 Rafał Majka Romain Bardet
18 Vincenzo Nibali Mikel Nieve
19 Ramūnas Navardauskas Tom-Jelte Slagter
20 Tony Martin no award
21 Marcel Kittel
Final Vincenzo Nibali Peter Sagan Rafał Majka Thibaut Pinot Ag2r-La Mondiale Alessandro De Marchi
Notes
  • In stage 2, Bryan Coquard, who was third in the points classification, wore the green jersey, because Marcel Kittel (in first place) wore the yellow jersey as leader of the general classification and Peter Sagan (in second place) wore the white jersey as leader of the young riders' classification during that stage
  • In stages 3–5, Romain Bardet, who was second in the young riders' classification, wore the white jersey, because Peter Sagan (in first place) wore the green jersey as leader of the points classification. Also, in stages 6–7, Michał Kwiatkowski wore the white jersey for the same reason.
  • In stage 14, Joaquim Rodríguez, who was second in the mountains classification, wore the polka-dot jersey, because Vincenzo Nibali (in first place) wore the yellow jersey as leader of the general classification.

Classification standings

Legend
  Yellow jersey   Denotes the leader of the General classification   Polka dot jersey   Denotes the leader of the Mountains classification
  Green jersey   Denotes the leader of the Points classification   White jersey   Denotes the leader of the Young rider classification
  Jersey with a yellow background on the number bib.   Denotes the leader of the Team classification   Jersey with a red background on the number bib.   Denotes the winner of the Combativity award

General classification

Rider Team Time
1  Vincenzo Nibali (ITA) Yellow jersey Astana 89h 59' 06"
2  Jean-Christophe Péraud (FRA) Jersey yellow number.svg Ag2r–La Mondiale + 7' 39"
3  Thibaut Pinot (FRA) White jersey FDJ.fr + 8' 15"
4  Alejandro Valverde (ESP) Movistar Team + 9' 40"
5  Tejay van Garderen (USA) BMC Racing Team + 11' 25"
6  Romain Bardet (FRA) Jersey yellow number.svg Ag2r–La Mondiale + 11' 26"
7  Leopold König (CZE) NetApp–Endura + 14' 32"
8  Haimar Zubeldia (ESP) Trek Factory Racing + 17' 57"
9  Laurens ten Dam (NED) Belkin Pro Cycling + 18' 12"
10  Bauke Mollema (NED) Belkin Pro Cycling + 21' 15"

Points classification

Rider Team Points
1  Peter Sagan (SVK) Green jersey Cannondale 431
2  Alexander Kristoff (NOR) Team Katusha 282
3  Bryan Coquard (FRA) Team Europcar 271
4  Marcel Kittel (GER) Giant–Shimano 222
5  Mark Renshaw (AUS) Omega Pharma–Quick-Step 211
6  Vincenzo Nibali (ITA) Jersey yellow.svg Astana 182
7  André Greipel (GER) Lotto–Belisol 169
8  Ramūnas Navardauskas (LTU) Garmin–Sharp 157
9  Greg Van Avermaet (BEL) BMC Racing Team 153
10  Samuel Dumoulin (FRA) Jersey yellow number.svg Ag2r–La Mondiale 117

Mountains classification

Rider Team Points
1  Rafał Majka (POL) Polka-dotted jersey Tinkoff–Saxo 181
2  Vincenzo Nibali (ITA) Jersey yellow.svg Astana 168
3  Joaquim Rodríguez (ESP) Team Katusha 112
4  Thibaut Pinot (FRA) Jersey white.svg FDJ.fr 89
5  Jean-Christophe Péraud (FRA) Jersey yellow number.svg Ag2r–La Mondiale 85
6  Alessandro De Marchi (ITA) Jersey red number.svg Cannondale 78
7  Thomas Voeckler (FRA) Team Europcar 61
8  Giovanni Visconti (ITA) Movistar Team 54
9  Alejandro Valverde (ESP) Movistar Team 48
10  Tejay van Garderen (USA) BMC Racing Team 48

Young rider classification

Rider Team Time
1  Thibaut Pinot (FRA) White jersey FDJ.fr 90h 07' 21"
2  Romain Bardet (FRA) Jersey yellow number.svg Ag2r–La Mondiale + 3' 11"
3  Michał Kwiatkowski (POL) Omega Pharma–Quick-Step + 1h 13' 40"
4  Tom Dumoulin (NED) Giant–Shimano + 1h 39' 45"
5  Jon Izagirre (ESP) Movistar Team + 1h 52' 35"
6  Rafał Majka (POL) Polka-dotted jersey Tinkoff–Saxo + 2h 09' 38"
7  Rudy Molard (FRA) Cofidis + 2h 26' 07"
8  Ben King (USA) Garmin–Sharp + 2h 33' 44"
9  Tom-Jelte Slagter (NED) Garmin–Sharp + 2h 41' 05"
10  Peter Sagan (SVK) Green jersey Cannondale + 2h 44' 37"

Team classification

Pos. Team Time
1 Ag2r–La MondialeJersey yellow number.svg 270h 27' 02
2 Belkin Pro Cycling + 34' 46
3 Movistar Team + 1h 06' 10
4 BMC Racing Team + 1h 07' 51
5 Team Europcar + 1h 34' 57
6 Astana + 1h 36' 27
7 Team Sky + 1h 40' 36
8 Trek Factory Racing + 2h 06' 00
9 FDJ.fr + 2h 30' 37
10 Lampre–Merida + 2h 32' 46'

References

  1. "Tour de France: Yorkshire to host start of 2014 race". BBC News. Retrieved 14 December 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "Yorkshire 2014 Grand Départ, London to host a stage — Tour de France 2013".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "Tour de France 2014: Yorkshire, Olympic Park, Mall feature". BBC News. Retrieved 17 January 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. Rob Sturney (2014-07-27). "2014 Tour de France: Kittel triumphs on Champs Élysées, Nibali wins first Tour". Cyclingmagazine.ca. Retrieved 2014-07-28.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "Tour de France: Nibali poised to win as Martin takes time trial". BBC. 2014-07-26. Retrieved 2014-07-28.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. "Teams Selection of Tour de France 2014". letour.com. 28 January 2014. Retrieved 30 January 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. Rob Sturney (2014-07-01). "2014 Tour de France preview: The contenders". Cyclingmagazine.ca. Retrieved 2014-07-28.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. "Tour de France: The Contenders". .skysports.com. Retrieved 2014-07-12.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. Gregor Brown. "Jens Voigt to match Tour de France participation record". Cyclingweekly.co.uk. Retrieved 2014-07-12.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. "BBC News - Leeds Arena hosts Tour de France opening ceremony". Bbc.co.uk. 2014-07-03. Retrieved 2014-07-09.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. "Yorkshire to host the 2014 Tour de France". yorkshire.com. 14 December 2012. Retrieved 15 December 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. "British Start To 2014 Tour De France Presented". Cyclingnews.com. 14 December 2012. Retrieved 17 January 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. "2014 Route". Le Tour. Retrieved 3 July 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  14. Because of the cobblestones, the stage winner received only 30 points (as opposed to 45 for a regular flat stage) for the points classification.
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 15.3 Christian, Sarah (2 July 2009). "Tour de France demystified — Evaluating success". RoadCycling.co.nz Ltd. Retrieved 18 July 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

Further reading

External links